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final_Plastic Logic_report

final_Plastic Logic_report

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Published by: api-3712130 on Oct 16, 2008
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05/09/2014

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Plastic Logic is a leading developer of plastic electronics technology. The technology has
the potential to revolutionize new applications by printing electronics on thin and flexible
plastic substrates using a process scaleable for large area, high volume and low cost.

Plastic Logic is developing and exploiting world- class technology for manufacturing printed plastic electronic circuits. These circuits are constructed using solution processing and direct- write techniques and consist of transistors and other components that are produced from polymers and a variety of other materials.

The technology is characterized by:
\u2022
New solution-based air-stable materials.
\u2022

Direct-write manufacturing techniques to achieve high resolution patterning on distorting substrates.

\u2022
Low processing temperatures allowing the use of flexible and low-cost plastic
substrates.
\u2022
Eventual migration from sheet-based to roll-to-roll processing.

This approach enables active electronic circuits to be produced on large flexible plastic substrates with high yield. In addition, direct-write techniques provide the potential for rapid design cycles and customization, shorter run-lengths and faster turn-around.

This is achieved without the complexity and capital expense of:
\u2022
Multiple mask steps requiring precision alignment
\u2022
High temperature processing
\u2022
Vacuum deposition
Flexible Displays

Plastic Logic is developing licensable manufacturing solutions for printing thin and flexible active-matrix displays. When combined with an electronic-paper imaging film, Plastic Logic's backplane technology enables highly portable, readable and power efficient displays. The initial application focus is e-readers (e.g. e-books, e-dictionaries, e-maps, e-newspapers). These displays will often be wirelessly connected to WAN devices such mobile phones and PDAs, allowing users to access content 'on-the-move' more comfortably and efficiently than is possible using a small integrated display.

This is the first step towards flexible and plastic backplanes for a range of display
applications and front-plane technologies including LCD and OLED.
Flexible e-Reader Features
\u2022
High resolution: up to 150ppi
(pixels per inch)
\u2022
Large area: scaleable to A4
(210mm by 297mm) and above
\u2022
Greyscale: 4 levels
\u2022
Very high aperture ratio / fill
factor
\u2022
Bend radius: < 2cm radius of
curvature
\u2022
Thin, robust and lightweight
\u2022

Bi-stable e-paper enables high contrast reflective display (sun- light readable) and ultra-low power consumption.

Flexible Active Matrix Displays

High information content displays, such as those found in laptops, PDAs and high-end mobile phones, require an active matrix to achieve high resolution and superior front-of- screen performance. In an active matrix system, the appearance of each dot on the display is controlled with at least one transistor (TFT). In color displays, each picture element (pixel) is normally made up of three dots (or sub-pixels), one each for red, green and blue. An active matrix display therefore requires a very large array of transistors to be fabricated (a color VGA display consists of about 1 million sub-pixels). Today, these TFTs are fabricated in amorphous silicon using a complex and capital intensive process. The array of TFTs which drive the display is referred to as the backplane and the display effect which it switches is referred to as the front-plane (e.g. Liquid Crystal, Electronic Imaging Film (e-paper), OLED).

A flexible backplane has long been the missing component in producing high information content flexible displays. Using its unique plastic electronics technology, Plastic Logic is developing the first manufacturable cost-effective solution to this problem.

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