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This chapter describes how to con\ufb01gure switches and routers for inter-virtual LAN (VLAN) routing. The con\ufb01guration procedures and examples in this chapter are designed as a starting point to help you con\ufb01gure interVLAN routing for your network environment.
to the software documentation for your IOS release. For complete syntax and usage information for the switch commands used in this chapter, refer to theCommand Reference for your switch software release.
\u2022Understanding How InterVLAN Routing Works, page 3-1
\u2022Con\ufb01guring VTP and VLANs on the Switch, page 3-3
\u2022Basic Router Con\ufb01guration Tasks, page 3-4
\u2022Con\ufb01guring InterVLAN Routing on the RSM, page 3-5
\u2022Con\ufb01guring InterVLAN Routing on the RSFC, page 3-7
\u2022Con\ufb01guring InterVLAN Routing on an External Cisco Router, page 3-10
\u2022Con\ufb01guring InterVLAN Routing on the Catalyst 8510 CSR, page 3-13
\u2022Con\ufb01guring Redundancy Using HSRP, page 3-15
\u2022InterVLAN Routing Con\ufb01guration Examples, page 3-16
Network devices in different VLANs cannot communicate with one another without a router to route traf\ufb01c between the VLANs. In most network environments, VLANs are associated with individual networks or subnetworks.
For example, in an IP network, each subnetwork is mapped to an individual VLAN. In a Novell IPX network, each VLAN is mapped to an IPX network number. In an AppleTalk network, each VLAN is associated with a cable range and AppleTalk zone name.
Con\ufb01guring VLANs helps control the size of the broadcast domain and keeps local traf\ufb01c local. However, when an end station in one VLAN needs to communicate with an end station in another VLAN, interVLAN communication is required. This communication is supported by interVLAN routing. You con\ufb01gure one or more routers to route traf\ufb01c to the appropriate destination VLAN.
Figure 3-2 shows another common scenario, interVLAN routing over a single trunk connection to
the router. The switch has ports in multiple VLANs. InterVLAN routing is performed by a
Cisco 7505 router connected to the switch through a full-duplex Fast Ethernet trunk link.
Multiple subinterfaces are con\ufb01gured on the physical Fast Ethernet router interface, one for each VLAN supported on the trunk. IntraVLAN traf\ufb01c (traf\ufb01c with the source and destination host in the same VLAN) is handled entirely by the switch.
Console> (enable)set vtp mode server
VTP domain modified
Console> (enable)set vtp domain Corp_Net
VTP domain Corp_Net modified
Console> (enable)set vlan 100
Vlan 100 configuration successful
Console> (enable)set vlan 200
Vlan 200 configuration successful
Console> (enable)set vlan 100 3/1-12
VLAN 100 modified.
VLAN 1 modified.
Console> (enable)set vlan 200 3/13-24
VLAN 200 modified.
VLAN 1 modified.
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