Archaeological Pro- ject has now completed its fourth season of archaeological work in the coastal region of thevillage of Pyla. Our goal has been to documentthe extensive array of cultural material in the areaand to ascertain the place of the site in both localand interregional social,economic,and politicalnetworks through time. Pyla-
is par-ticularly significant because it is one of a handfulof “mid-sized sites”—larger than a rural villageyet smaller than a
centre— to receive syste-matic investigation in Cyprus.
It has recentlybeen argued that such mid-sized sites formed animportant part of the skeleton of ancient Mediter-ranean connectivity.
By investigating the mate-rial signature of such a site,our goal has been toestablish the economic,political,and culturalcharacter of the places which formed vital linksin inter- and intra-regional Mediterranean-widetrade networks.The site of Pyla-
is located about10km. to the east of the centre of Larnaka,at thewestern fringe of the Dekeleia Cantonment.Maria Hadjicosti conducted excavations at
over two short campaigns in the 1990s,bringing to light parts of an Early Christian basi-lica.
In 2004 and 2005,we conducted an inten-sive pedestrian survey of the area,fulfilling a callby John Leonard,among others,for a systematicinvestigation of this substantial coastal site.
Aswe have described in some detail elsewhere,
wesurveyed the highest density area of the site usinga 40
40m. grid system in which we sampled20% of the surface area for density and collectedunique sherds using a recording system known asthe Chronotype system. In order to identify thesite’s borders,we also laid a number of largersurvey units over a broader area of low artefactdensities. We contextualized our artefact densi-ties through the comprehensive geological inves-tigation of the area,including subsurfaceprospecting. And we conducted experiments to
Archaeological Project:Second Preliminary Report (2005-2006 Seasons)
William R. Caraher,R. Scott Moore, Jay S. Noller and David K. Pettegrew
Archaeological Project thanks Direc-tor Dr Pavlos Flourentzos,Director of the Department of Antiquities,for the generous permission to work in the area,and deeply appreciates the cooperation of Dr Maria Hadji-costi,Dr Tom Davis at CAARI,and Mr Marinos Avraam andhis staff at the Larnaka District Archaeological Museum. Wehave received funding and technical support from the KressFoundation,INSTAP,ASOR,Indiana University of Pennsyl-vania,The University of North Dakota,The Ohio State Uni-versity Excavations at Isthmia,Greece,and several privatedonors. An earlier version of this article was given at the 24
Annual CAARI Archaeological Workshop,June 2006 (cf.W.R. Caraher,R.S. Moore and D.K. Pettegrew,“The Pyla-
Archaeological Project:A Third PreliminaryReport,”paper delivered at the 24
Annual CAARI Archaeo-logical Workshop,Nicosia,Cyprus,June 2006).1.The best known mid-sized site on Cyprus is Pegeia-
. Cf. C. Bakirtzis,“The Role of Cyprus in the Grain Sup-ply of Constantinople in the Early Christian Period”in V.Karageorghis and D. Michaelides (eds),
Proceedings of the International Symposium,Cyprus and the Sea
(Nicosia1995),247-53; J. Leonard,
Roman Cyprus:Harbors,Hinter-lands,and Hidden Powers
(Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation,State University of New York at Buffalo) (2005),614-18.2.P. Horden and N. Purcell,
The Corrupting Sea
(Oxford 2000).3.S. Hadjisavvas,
Annual Report of the Department of Antiqui-ties,Cyprus
,“Chronique desfouilles et découvertes archéologiques à Chypre en 1999,”
124 (2000),693.4.J. Leonard 2005,431.5.For a discussion of our methods,cf. W. Caraher,R.S. Moore,J.S. Noller and D.K. Pettegrew,“The Pyla-
Archaeological Project:First Preliminary Report (2003-2004Seasons)”in