In Windows 2000, Remote OS Installation is part of change and configuration management. Remote
OS Installation simplifies the task of installing the Windows 2000 Professional operating system on
PXE-based remote boot\u2013enabled client computers throughout the organization. It allows computers
to connect to a networked server during initial start-up, and then it allows the server to perform a
local installation of Windows 2000 Professional.
Remote Installation Services (RIS) is the technology that is used during initial start-up before the
resident operating system loads. RIS supports clients without an initial operating system or failed
computers that need to have the operating system restored. RIS allows computer hardware
connected through a LAN to find a networked RIS server and request installation of a new copy of
Windows 2000 Professional appropriately configured for the user and computer. Remote OS
Installation cannot be used to upgrade an existing operating system.
Remote OS Installation uses these key technologies to install Windows 2000 Professional on a
\u2022Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
\u2022Domain Name System (DNS)
\u2022PXE-based remote boot technology
\u2022Remote Installation Services
Using RIS servers to deploy and upgrade operating systems throughout a company reduces the
costs incurred by either preinstalling the client computer or physically visiting each client to install
the operating system. Automatically installing the operating system by using Remote OS Installation
and Group Policy can reduce the IT staff support overhead in adding new computers to a network
and reinstalling operating systems.
You use a RIS server as a remote source, to install the network equivalent of a CD-based installation
of either Windows 2000 Professional or a preconfigured Windows 2000 Professional desktop image.
The following are descriptions of these two methods.
unattended installation options available on the Windows 2000 Professional operating system CD.
The source files, however, reside across the network on available Windows 2000\u2013based servers
rather than on a local CD.
corporate desktop configuration, including operating system configurations, desktop customizations,
and locally installed software. After the reproduced image is configured, it is stored on
Windows 2000 RIS servers. On request, the server downloads these images to new computers. The
new computer does not need to have identical hardware to the computer on which the image was
created. Windows 2000 Professional support for Plug and Play can adjust for hardware differences.
It is important that your DHCP, DNS, and Active Directory servers are configured appropriately to
work with Remote OS Installation. These services can be installed either on individual servers or the
same server, and these services must be active and available in order to use RIS. RIS uses these
components in several ways to detect client computer requests for service.
For more information about DHCP technology and its use, see "Determining Network Connectivity
Strategies" in the Deployment Planning Guide and "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol" in the
Remote OS Installation and the IntelliMirrorSUP>\u2122technologies are combined to form the change
and configuration management features included in Microsoft\u00ae Windows\u00ae 2000 Server. Using
Remote OS Installation you can customize and enable automated installation of Microsoft\u00ae
Windows\u00ae 2000 Professional on new or replacement computers. You can experience better disaster
recovery with easier operating system and application management by combining Remote OS
Installation with the user data management, software installation and maintenance, and user
settings management features that make up IntelliMirror. For more information about IntelliMirror,
see "Introduction to Desktop Management" in this book.
This chapter focuses on implementation of Remote OS Installation by using Remote Installation
Services (RIS) technology for the installation of Windows 2000 Professional on remote boot\u2013enabled
clients. RIS supports clients without an operating system or failed computers that need to have the
operating system restored. When using Remote OS Installation with the default settings, everything
is deleted from the hard disk and a new operating system is installed. Previous user profile and
configuration settings are also removed when installing the operating system.
Remote OS Installation cannot be used to upgrade an existing operating system on computers
currently running Microsoft\u00ae Windows\u00ae 95, Microsoft\u00ae Windows\u00ae 98, Microsoft\u00ae Windows NT\u00ae
Workstation version 3.51, or Microsoft\u00ae Windows NT\u00ae Workstation version 4.0.
If you want to maintain your existing user profiles, there are a few additional methods that
Windows 2000 supports for installing and upgrading an operating system on clients. These include
\u2022Performing disk duplication with the System Preparation (SysPrep.exe) tool
\u2022Using Microsoft\u00ae Systems Management Server
\u2022Using a bootable CD
These methods are not discussed in detail in this chapter. For more information about installing and
upgrading an operating system by using these methods, see "Automating Server Installation and
Upgrade," "Automating Client Installation and Upgrade," and "Using Systems Management Server to
Deploy Windows 2000" in theMicrosoft \u00aeWindows \u00ae2000 Server Resource Kit Deployment
services and for completing domain operations. You can use Windows 2000 DNS and receive the
benefit of dynamic updates for your DNS server. However, using the Windows 2000 version of DNS
is not required for RIS to function. The DNS server you use must support the SRV RR (RFC 2052)
and needs to support the dynamic update protocol (RFC 2136). For more information about DNS,
see "Introduction to DNS" and "Windows 2000 DNS" in theMicrosoft \u00aeWindows \u00ae2000 Server
be present and active on the network. Remote boot-enabled clients receive an IP address from the
DHCP server prior to contacting a RIS server. You can install the version of DHCP that is included
with Windows 2000 Server, or you can use an existing version of DHCP running on Microsoft\u00ae
Windows NT\u00ae Server version 4.0. You can also use a third-party DHCP. For more information about
DHCP, see "DHCP Options" and "DHCP Message Formats" in the TCP/IP Core Networking Guide .
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