AimThe aim of the experiment is to investigate the relationship between pressure and temperature of saturated steam. And. The Marcet Boiler s will be used to perform the experiment. Compare dT/dPmeasured with values calculated from data in steam tables.SummaryThe pressure and temperature of steam are measured by the pressure gauge and thermometer of theMarcet Boiler. To evaluate the slope, the derived formulae and the given data are used. The valuesobtained are analyzed and compared using tabulated data and graphs. The values measured are almostthe same from the predicted values. All of these values agreed within the estimated experimental errors.
Thermodynamics is concerned about the interchange of heat and work between a system and thesurroundings which occurs when the system undergoes a process; also of concern are the changes in theproperties of the fluid . Most thermodynamics substances such as gases and vapours (steam) areoften referred as P-V-T substances.In engineering steam refers to vaporized water. It is a pure, completely invisible gas. At standardatmospheric pressure, pure steam occupies about 1,600 times the volume of liquid water. In theatmosphere, the partial pressure of water is much lower than 1 atm, therefore gaseous water can exist attemperature much lower than 100 C .The temperature, at which equilibrium occurs at a given pressure, is called the Saturation Temperature.Saturation temperature means boiling point. The saturation temperature is the temperature for acorresponding saturation pressure at which the liquid boils its vapour phase. The liquid can be said to besaturated with thermal energy.Atmospheric pressure is the pressure at any given point in the Earth’s atmosphere. Gauge pressure isthe pressure relative to the local atmospheric or ambient pressure.Cussons P5700 Marcet Boiler has been developed for investigating the relationship between the pressureand temperature of saturated steam, in equilibrium with water, at all pressures between atmospheric and17 bar (250 lb/in
). The measured value of the slope of the graph (dT/dP)
obtained from the practicalresults can be compared with corresponding values calculated from the data in steam tables .