MEDICAL ASPECTS OF COLDWEATHER OPERATIONS:A Handbook for Medical OfficersU S ARMY RESEARCH INSTITUTEOFENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINENatick, Massachusetts01760-5007
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UNITED STATES ARMYMEDICAL RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT COMMAND
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Table of Contents
Acknowledgements 1Preface 2Introduction 3Section 1. Physiologic Effects of Cold Exposure 41.1 Heat Balance and Cora Temperature 51.2 The Acute Response to Cold Exposure 61.3 Cold-Introduced Vasodilatation (CIVD) 71.4 Human Adaptation to Cold 7Section 2. Prevention of Illness and Injury in the Cold 82.1 Preventing Cold Injuries: Role of the Medical Officer 82.2 Advice for the Commander 82.2.1 Soldier-Related Risk Factors 82.2.2 Environmental Risk Factors 92.2.3 Mission-Related Risk Factors 102.3 Training 112.4 Medical Surveillance 122.5 Sustaining Health and Performance 132.5.1 Medical Predeployment Preparation 132.5.2 Nutrition 142.5.3 Hydration 142.6 Medical Soldiers Are Role Models 15