Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword or section
Like this
1Activity
P. 1
Prairie and Meadow Establishment (Env Canada)

Prairie and Meadow Establishment (Env Canada)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 9 |Likes:
Published by MountainLocksPark
Environment Canada's thorough guide to planning, establishing, and maintaining prairies and medows native to Southern Ontario.
Environment Canada's thorough guide to planning, establishing, and maintaining prairies and medows native to Southern Ontario.

More info:

Published by: MountainLocksPark on Oct 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/21/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 A Guide to Establishing Prairie and MeadowCommunities in Southern Ontario
   P   L   A   N   T   I   N   G   T   H   E   S   E   E   D
 
Acknowledgments
The authors would like to thank the following peoplewho provided valuable assistance in the development of this guide:
Substantial contributors:
 John Fischer
, Environment Canada;
Mary Gartshore
,Pterophylla;
Dr. John Ambrose
, University of Guelph;and
Dr. David Galbraith
, Canadian BotanicalConservation Network/Royal Botanical Gardens
 Advisors and reviewers:
Aboud & Associates:
Steven Aboud
; C. Brad PetersonEnvironmental Management and LandscapeArchitecture:
Brad Peterson
; Centre for Land and WaterStewardship:
Peter Mitchell
; City of Toronto:
DebbyMorton
; Dougan and Associates:
 Jim Dougan
; DucksUnlimited Canada:
Owen Steele
,
Brent Wark
; EcologicalOutlook:
 Jean-Marc Daigle
,
Donna Havinga
;Environment Canada:
Sheila Allan
,
Alain Baril
,
LesleyDunn
,
Doug Forder
,
Andy Hagen
,
Nancy Patterson
,
 John Shaw
,
Mike Shiomi
,
Lee Suddick
,
Ken Tuininga
,
 Jennifer Vincent
; Environmental consultants:
LynHanna-Folkes
,
Brian McHattie
,
 John Morgan, CathyQuinlan
,
David White
; Grand River ConservationAuthority:
Wayne MacMillan, Trish Nash
; HamiltonNaturalists’ Club:
Pam Watts
; Health Canada:
CharlesSmith
; Lambton-Kent District School Board:
Tom Burns
;Natural Heritage Information Centre:
Wasyl Bakowsky
,
Mike Oldham
,
Don Sutherland
; Ojibway Nature Centre:
Karen Cedar
,
Paul Pratt;
Ontario Ministry of theEnvironment:
Mark Chappel
,
Paul McCubbin
; OntarioMinistry of Natural Resources:
 Jack Chapman
,
BillDroog
,
Al Tithecott
; Pterophylla:
Peter Carson
; RoyalBotanical Gardens:
 Jeremy Lundholm
,
Tyler Smith
;Rural Lambton Stewardship Network:
Ron Gould
,
RonLudolph
; Todmorden Mills Wildflower Preserve:
PaulaDavis
; University of Waterloo:
Larry Lamb
,
 JohnSemple;
Urban Forest Associates:
Gavin Miller
,
StephenSmith
; Waterfront Regeneration Trust:
Tija Luste
; Willow Park Ecology Centre:
Maria Parish
; Writer:
Lorraine Johnson
Editor: Robyn PackardCover design: Tania Rihar
Authors
Kim Delaney
, Rural Lambton Stewardship Network
Lindsay Rodger
, Tallgrass Ontario
P. Allen Woodliffe
, Ontario Ministry of NaturalResources
Gail Rhynard
, Otter Valley Native Plants
Paul Morris
, Acorus Restoration
 
Contents
i
Authors andAcknowledgments
. . . . . . .Inside front cover
About This Guide
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Prairie
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 What Is a Prairie? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2Prairie Ecology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3Historical and Current Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Meadow
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 What Is a Meadow? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5Meadow Ecology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
How to Get Started
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6Identifying Goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6Understanding Plant Communities . . . . . . . . . .6Choosing an Appropriate Plant Community . . .7Native Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7Meadow or Prairie? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Planning the Project
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8A Sample Project Timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8Selecting the Project Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8Project Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8Involving Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9Analyzing the Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9Making a Site Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11Scheduling the Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12Obtaining Seed or Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12Ensuring Availability of Equipmentand Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12Taking Time to Prepare the Site . . . . . . . . . . . .12Planning for Ongoing Management . . . . . . . . . .12
Developing a Species List
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Preparing the Site
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14Controlling Weeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14Choosing Appropriate Site-PreparationTechniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16Soil Amendment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Acquiring Seed and Plants
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .17Use Local Seed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17Avoid Planting Cultivars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18Ethical Seed Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18Ethical Plant Salvage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18Ensure Genetic Diversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18Seed-Collecting Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19Seed Drying and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19Seed Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20Seed Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20Growing Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20Basic Growing Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Planting the Project Site
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21Planting Seed or Plants: Timingand Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21Seeding and Planting Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23Successional Planting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24Cover Crops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24Mulch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Maintenance and Monitoring
. . . . . . . . . . . .25Many Hands Make Light Work . . . . . . . . . . . . .25Maintaining the New Planting . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25Long-Term Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26Monitoring and Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
A Final Thought
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
 Appendix A:
Recommended Species for Prairieand Meadow Plantings in Southern Ontario . . .32
 Appendix B:
Seed-Treatment Techniques . . . . . . .41
 Appendix C:
Site-Preparation Key . . . . . . . . . . . .42
 Appendix D:
Common and Botanical Namesof Plant Species Referred to in This Guide . . . .43
 Appendix E:
Metric and Imperial MeasuresConversion Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Glossary
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Sources of Information
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47Recommended Reading, Annotated . . . . . . . . . .47Helpful Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Sources of Materials, SpecializedEquipment and Services
. . . . . . . . . . . . .55

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->