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Table Of Contents

1.1 Background and Significance
1.2 Objective and Scope
1.3 Outline of Thesis
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Instantaneous Behaviour of Concrete
2.2.1 Uniaxial Compression
2.2.2 Uniaxial Tension
2.2.3 Biaxial Loading and Failure Criteria
2.3.1.3 Principle of Superposition
2.3.2 Shrinkage
2.3.2.1 Chemical Shrinkage
2.3.2.2 Drying Shrinkage
2.3.2.3 Effects of Shrinkage
2.3.3 Interaction of Fracture and Creep
2.3.3.1 Influence of Loading Rate on Peak Load
2.3.3.2 Load Relaxation at Fracture Zone
2.3.3.3 Creep Rupture
2.3.3.4 Time-dependent Fracture Models
2.4 Behaviour of Reinforcement
2.5 Bond between Reinforcement and Concrete
2.5.1 Local Bond Stress-slip Relationship
2.5.2 Influence of Bond on Cracking
2.5.3 Tension Stiffening
2.6 Non-linear Modelling of Concrete Structures
2.6.1 Discrete Crack Approach
2.6.2 Smeared Crack Approach
2.6.2.1 Fixed Crack Model
2.6.2.2 Rotating Crack Model
2.6.2.3 Multiple Fixed Crack Model
2.6.3 Constitutive Models for Concrete
2.6.3.1 Elasticity-based Models
2.6.3.2 Plasticity-based Models
2.6.3.3 Continuous Damage Models
2.6.3.4 Microplane Models
2.6.4 Fracture Models for Concrete
2.6.4.1 Fracture Mechanics
2.6.4.2 Fictitious Crack Model
2.6.4.3 Crack Band Model
2.6.5 Regularization of Spurious Strain Localization
2.6.5.1 Non-local Models
2.6.5.2 Gradient Models
2.6.5.3 Crack Band Formulation as Partial Regularization
2.6.5.4 Regularization by Inclusion of Material Viscosity
2.6.6 Modelling of Steel Reinforcement
2.6.7 Modelling of Steel-Concrete Bond
2.6.7.1 Tension Stiffening
2.6.7.2 Discrete Bond Modelling
2.6.8 Computational Creep Modelling
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Continuum Modelling
3.3 Distributed Cracking Approach
3.3.1 Tension Chord Model
3.3.2 Cracked Membrane Model
3.4 Localized Cracking Approach
3.4.1 Crack Band Model
3.4.2 Non-local Smeared Crack Model
3.4.2.1 Issue Related to Non-local Continuum with Local Strain
3.4.2.2 Proposed Non-local Smeared Cracking Formulation
3.5 Orthotropic Membrane Formulation
3.6 Material Constitutive Models
3.6.1 Instantaneous Behaviour of Concrete
3.6.1.1 Stress-strain Relationships for Concrete
3.6.1.2 Biaxial Compression State of Stress
3.6.1.3 Tension-Compression State of Stress
3.6.1.4 Biaxial Tension State of Stress
3.6.2 Time-dependent Behaviour of Concrete
3.6.3 Shrinkage
3.6.4 Creep
3.6.5 Solidification Theory for Concrete Creep
3.6.5.1 Rate-type Constitutive Model
3.6.5.2 Finite Element Implementation of Creep
3.6.6 Time-dependent Crack Width
3.6.6.1 Cracked Membrane Model
3.6.6.2 Crack Band Model
3.6.6.3 Non-local Model
3.6.7 Stress-strain Relationship for Reinforcing Steel
3.6.8 Local Bond-slip Model for Bond Interface Element
3.6.9 Concrete Tension Stiffening
3.7 Non-linear Finite Element Implementation
3.7.1 Spatial Discretization
3.7.2 Time Discretization
3.7.3 Principal of Virtual Work
3.7.4 Incremental Iterative Solution Procedures
3.7.5 Geometric Non-linearity
3.7.6 Convergence Criteria
3.7.7 Computational Solution Algorithm
3.8 Finite Element Formulations
3.8.1 Four-node Isoparametric Quadrilateral Element
3.8.2 Two-node Truss Element
3.8.3 Four-node Isoparametric Bond Interface Element
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Mesh Sensitivity of the Localized Cracking Models
4.3 Creep of Plain Concrete under Variable Stress
4.4 Long-term Flexural Cracking Tests
4.4.1 Introduction
Cracking Model – Cracked Membrane Model
4.4.3.1 Four-point Bending Beam Tests under Sustained Load
4.4.3.2 Uniformly Loaded One-way Slabs under Sustained Load
4.4.3.3 Discussion
Cracking Model – Crack Band Model
4.4.4.1 Four-point Bending Beam Tests under Sustained Load
4.4.4.2 Uniformly Loaded One-way Slabs under Sustained Load
4.4.4.3 Discussion
Cracking Model – Non-local Smeared Crack Model
4.4.5.1 Four-point Bending Beam Tests under Sustained Load
4.4.5.2 Uniformly Loaded One-way Slabs under Sustained Load
4.4.5.3 Discussion
4.4.6 Summary for Analysis of Long-term Flexural Cracking Tests
4.5 Long-term Restrained Deformation Cracking Tests
4.5.1 Introduction
Properties
4.5.3 Comparisons of Numerical and Experimental Results
4.5.4 Discussion
4.6 Other Numerical Examples
4.6.1 Continuous Beams Subjected to Long-term Sustained Load
Continuous Beams
4.6.3 Slender Columns Subjected to Long-term Eccentric Axial Loads
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Description of Numerical Experiments
5.2.1 Beam Specimens
5.2.2 Slab Specimens
5.2.3 Testing Method
5.2.3.1 Test Series A to J: Material and Environmental Parameters
5.2.3.2 Test Series K: Amount of Shear Reinforcement
5.2.3.3 Test Series L: Impact of 500 MPa Steel Reinforcement
5.2.3.4 Test Series M: Load Histories
5.3 Presentation and Discussion of Results
5.3.1 Test Series A – Bottom Concrete Cover
5.3.4 Test Series D – Quantity of Compressive Reinforcement
5.3.5 Test Series E – Tensile Strength of Concrete
5.3.6 Test Series F – Bond Strength between Steel and Concrete
5.3.7 Test Series G – Concrete Tensile Strength Fluctuation Limit
5.3.8 Test Series H – Magnitude of Creep
5.3.9 Test Series I – Magnitude of Shrinkage
5.3.10 Test Series J – Bond Creep
5.3.11 Test Series K – Quantity of Shear Reinforcement
5.3.12 Test Series L – Impact of 500 MPa Steel Reinforcement
5.3.13 Test Series M – Load Histories
5.3.13.1 Comparisons between LH-2 and LH-1
5.3.13.2 Comparisons between LH-5 and LH-2
5.3.13.3 Comparisons between LH-3 and LH-4
5.3.14 Section Geometry and Boundary Conditions
5.4 Summary
6.1 Summary
6.2 Conclusions
6.3 Recommendations for Future Research
APPENDIX A: FE Implementation of Rate of Creep Method
REFERENCES
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CHONG Alecs KT - Phd Thesis

CHONG Alecs KT - Phd Thesis

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Published by: aktc on Oct 20, 2011
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