Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Plant Species Lists for Mountain Locks Park Suggested)

Plant Species Lists for Mountain Locks Park Suggested)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 15 |Likes:
Published by MountainLocksPark
This list is a technical document with more information on reasoning for introduction/removal of species to/from Mountain Locks Park.
This list is a technical document with more information on reasoning for introduction/removal of species to/from Mountain Locks Park.

More info:

Published by: MountainLocksPark on Oct 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/20/2011

pdf

text

original

 
MOUNTAIN LOCKS PARK: QUICK RESPONSE
A TRAIL BY FIRE
 DREWGRAHAM+ DESIREEVALADARES, 2011
S
UGGESTED
P
LANT
S
PECIES
L
ISTS FOR
M
OUNTAIN
L
OCKS
P
ARK
 
TECHNICAL DOCUMENT
 
EXISTING INVASIVE SPECIES TO BE REMOVED
 (INCLUDING REASONING AND SUGGESTED METHODS)
Species name –
Scientific 
(common) Reason for removal
 Acer negundo
(Manitoba maple) Classified as:
 
Minor invasive alien
by EnvironmentCanada
2
,
 
Category 1 invasive species
by UrbanForest Associates Inc.
1
and the OntarioInvasive Plants Working Group
3
,Effect on natural areas:
 
“takes place of native early-successionalforest”
1
 
 
“aggressively”
1
“invades all habitattypes”
1,3
 
 Acer platanoides
(Norway maple) Classified as:
 
Minor invasive alien
by EnvironmentCanada
2
,
 
Category 2 invasive species
by UrbanForest Associates Inc.
1
and the OntarioInvasive Plants Working Group
3
,Effect on natural areas:
 
“dominates forest canopy”
1,3
 
Rhamnus cathartica
(European buckthorn,common buckthorn)Classified as:
 
Principal invasive alien
by EnvironmentCanada
2
,
 
Category 1 invasive species
by UrbanForest Associates Inc.
1
and the OntarioInvasive Plants Working Group
3
,Effect on natural areas:
 
“dominates forest understorey, meadowsand prairies”
1,3
 Suggested control methods:
 
“cutting after peak flowering (May-June)followed by selective glyphosate (30%solution) treatment of stump orresprouts”
3
 
 
“basal bark application with 8% triclopyr”
3
 
(continued on following page)
 
MOUNTAIN LOCKS PARK: QUICK RESPONSE
A TRAIL BY FIRE
 DREWGRAHAM+ DESIREEVALADARES, 2011
(continued from previous page)
Robinia pseudoacacia
(black locust) Classified as:
 
Minor invasive alien
by EnvironmentCanada
2
,
 
Category 2 invasive species
by UrbanForest Associates Inc.
1
and the OntarioInvasive Plants Working Group
3
,Effect on natural areas:
 
“invades meadows”
1,3
 
Salix spp.
(various willow species) Classified as:
 
Category 3 (S. alba, S. fragilis, S. x rubens)
or
Category 4 (S. caprea, S. purpurea)invasive species
by Urban ForestAssociates Inc.
1
and the Ontario InvasivePlants Working Group
3
,Effect on natural areas:
 
S. alba, S. fragilis, S. x rubens, S. purpurea:
 “invades wetlands, displaces native
Salix spp.
1,3
 
 
S. caprea:
“often misidentified”
3
and“substituted for
S. discolor 
1,3
 
NATIVE DECIDUOUS SPECIES TO BE INTRODUCED
 
Highly recommended species for introduction:
Scientific 
(common)Additional species that could be introduced:
Scientific 
(common)
Fraxinus quadrangulata
(blue ash)
SC
 
 Acer rubrum
(red maple)
 Juglans cinerea
(butternut)
E
 
 Acer saccharinum
(silver maple)
Liriodendron
 
tulipifera
(tuliptree)
N
 
Carpinus caroliniana
(musclewood)
Magnolia acuminata
(cucumbertree)
E
 
Carya ovata
(shagbark hickory)
Quercus muehlenbergii 
(chinquapin oak)
N,U
 
Celtis occidentalis
(common hackberry)
Quercus alba
(white oak)
Quercus macrocarpa
(bur oak)
Tilia americana
(basswood, American linden)
E
Native species that are classified as “
endangered” 
4
;
N
Species specifically native to the Niagara region
5
;
SC
Native species of 
special concern” 
4
(may display resistance to emerald ash borer
6
);
U
Native species uncommonly found in Canada
5
.
 
MOUNTAIN LOCKS PARK: QUICK RESPONSE
A TRAIL BY FIRE
 DREWGRAHAM+ DESIREEVALADARES, 2011 NATIVE CONIFEROUS SPECIES TO BE INTRODUCED
(TO ACT AS A VISUAL BUFFER ALONG NORTHERN AND EASTERN SITE BORDERS)
Recommended speciesfor introduction:
Scientific 
(common)Reasoning
5,6
 
Picea glauca
(white spruce) Truly grows in a variety of soils and range of climatic conditions; foundin mixed colonies; shade-tolerant; dense form
Pinus strobus
(eastern whitepine)Grows in a variety of soils but prefers moist sandy loam; usually found inmixed colonies; thrives in full sun but moderately shade-tolerant; fast-growing
Tsuga canadenis
(Canadianhemlock)Grows in a variety of soils but requires cool, moist site; occurs in pure ormixed stands; very shade-tolerant; dense form
NATIVE FOREST EDGE SPECIES TO BE INTRODUCEDRecommended species forintroduction:
Scientific 
(common)Reasons for inclusion
5,6,7
 
Cornus alternifolia
(pagodadogwood)Native small tree/shrub; 4-season interest; somewhat showy;naturalization spp.; adaptable to various soils
Hamamelis virginiana
(commonwhich-hazel)Native small tree/shrub; 4-season interest; somewhat showy andfragrant; naturalization spp.; shade-tolerant; prefers moist soil
Rhus typhina
(staghorn sumac) Native small tree/shrub; 4-season interest; somewhat showy;naturalization spp.; adaptable to various soils; birds eat the fruit;already established on site
Viburnum lentago
(sweetviburnum, nannyberryviburnum)Native small tree/shrub; showy; naturalization spp.; shade-tolerant;very adaptable to various soils, incl. wet; birds eat the fruit
NATIVE EASTERN TALLGRASS PRAIRIE SPECIES TO BE INTRODUCED
Scientific 
(common) Notables*
G
RASSES
 /S
EDGES
 
 Andropogon gerardii 
(big bluestem) Tall (3.0+ m)
Elymus canadensis
(Canada wild rye) Medium height (to 1.3 m)
Sorghastrum nutans
(indian grass) Later successional; Tall (to 2.5 m)
(continued on following page)

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->