- 3 - EE/07/6750 – E.G.L. Dabareon the reference level. Manual selection of attenuation is also available in steps of 10, 5,2, or even 1 dB. The RF input attenuator is consisted with a capacitor connected with aresistor in series. The capacitor works as a blocking device and used to prevent theanalyzer from being damaged by a DC signal.
Low pass filter
Block high frequency signals from reaching to the mixer. This is used to prevent out of band signals mixing with the local oscillator and creating unwanted responses at the IF.
It is located after the mixer and before the IF Filter. It is variable gain amplifier. Theamplifier is used to adjust the vertical position of signals on the display without affectingthe signal level at the input mixer. When the IF gain is changed, the value of the referencelevel is changed accordingly to retain the correct indicated value for the displayed signals.Generally settings of the input attenuator and the IF gain are coupled together. A changein input attenuation will automatically change the IF gain to offset the effect of thechange in input attenuation, thereby keeping the signal at a constant position on thedisplay.
Sweep (ramp) generator
The ramp generator drives the sweep of the local oscillator and also the display. In thisway the horizontal axis of the display is directly linked to the frequency.
Type of Spectrum Analyzers
Mainly, there are three types of spectrum analyzers;1.
Superheterodyne (Swept) – Most common2.
Fast Fourier transform (FFT)3.
Audio spectrum analyzer
Applications of Spectrum Analyzer
Basically there are three type of applications are taken using the spectrum analyzer.
Device Frequency Response Measurements
Microware Tower Monitoring
Interference can be created by a number of different sources, such as telecom microwavetowers, TV stations, or airport guidance systems etc. As an example, thetelecommunication providers connect their BSCs and BTSs using microwave links. Thespectrum is limited and so every frequency is reused. Interference cause failure of link and it cost to the company. So using spectrum analyzer, can be measured the C/I and C/Aparameters and measure the strength of link. The link reliability is depends on thatparameters.