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Conditional Probability

Conditional Probability

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Published by mahesh4200
When we are solving Conditional Probability Examples ,we deal with two events, say A and B , sometimes
these events are so related to each other , that the probability will depend on whether the other event has
already occurred. Conditional probability can be defined as the probability of an event given that another event
has already occurred.
When we are solving Conditional Probability Examples ,we deal with two events, say A and B , sometimes
these events are so related to each other , that the probability will depend on whether the other event has
already occurred. Conditional probability can be defined as the probability of an event given that another event
has already occurred.

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Published by: mahesh4200 on Oct 20, 2011
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Conditional Probability
When we are solving
Examples ,we deal with two events, say A and B , sometimesthese events are so related to each other , that the probability will depend on whether the other event hasalready occurred. Conditional probability can be defined as the probability of an event given that another eventhas already occurred.Let’s consider an example for Conditional probability: Consider a card game, suppose a player needs to draw2 cards of the same suit to win, out of 52 cards there can be 13 cards in each suit. If the first player draws aheart, and the player wishes to draw a second heart. If one heart has already been chosen, then we only have12 hearts remaining out of 51 cards.
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Conditional Probability Examples
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A card is drawn from an ordinary deck and we are told that it is red, whatis the probability that the card is greater than 2 but less than 9.Solution : Let A be the event of getting a card greater than 2 but less than9.B be the event of getting a red card. We have to find the probability of Agiven that B has occurred. That is, we have to find P (A/B).In a deck of cards, there are 26 red cards and 26 black cards.\ n(B) = 26Among the red cards, the number of outcomes which are favourable

A pair of dice is thrown. If it is known that one die shows a 4, what is the probability thata) the other die shows a 5b) the total of both the die is greater than 7Solution: Let A be the event that one die shows up 4. Then the outcomes which are favourable to A are(4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6) (1, 4), (2, 4), (3, 4),(5, 4), (6, 4)(a) Let B be the event of getting a 5 in one of the dies. Then the outcomes which are favourable to both Aand B are (4, 5), (5, 4)(b) Let C be the event of getting a total of both the die greater than 7.The out-comes which are favourable to both C and A.(4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6), (5, 4), (6, 4)\ n (C) = 5Note that in the above example P (B) and P (B/A) are different.Similarly P (C) and P (C/A) are different.We have understood the term conditional probability, with some very good examples.
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