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Automatic light control

Automatic light control

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Published by Gaurav Kumar

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Published by: Gaurav Kumar on Oct 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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MORADABAD INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, MORADABADDepartment of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Automatic light control with IR 
 Name of Student: Gaurav Kumar Yadav Roll No.: 0808231033Semester: 7
th
Session: 2011-12Branch: Electronics & Communication Engg.
Synopsis:
 Normally, home appliances are controlled by means of switches, sensors, etc.However, physical contact with switches may be dangerous if there is any shorting. Thecircuit described here requires no physical contact for operating the appliance. You just needto move your hand between the infrared LED and the infrared rays transmitted by IR LED isdetected by the IR detector to activate the hidden lock, flush system. It is simple compact andcheap. Current consumption is low in milliamperes. The circuit is built around an IC 741,IRLED, detector and other discrete components. When regulated 5V is connected to thecircuit, IR LED emits infrared rays, which are received by phototransistor D2 if it is properlyaligned. Positive side is connected to non-inverting pin 3 of IC 741. Inverting pin 2 of IC1 isconnected to voltage-divider present RV1. Using present RV1 you can vary the referencevoltage at pin 2, which also affects sensitivity of the photo module.The working of the circuit is simple. In order to switch on the appliance, you simplyreceive the infrared rays falling on the diode through transmitter. During the transmission theappliance remains on through the relay. Transmitter off, the appliance turns off through therelay. Assemble the circuit on any general purpose PCB. Identify the resistors through colour coding or using the millimetre. Check the polarity and pin configuration of the IC and mountit using base. After soldering the circuit, connect +5V supply to the circuit.
Signature of student Signature of Project Coordinator 

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