How to Factor Polynomials
refers to factoring a polynomial into irreducible polynomials over a given field. Itgives out the factors that together form a polynomial function. A polynomial function is of the form xn + xn -1 +xn - 2 + . . . . + k = 0, where k is a constant and n is a power. Polynomials are expressions that are formed byadding or subtracting several variables called monomials. Monomials are variables that are formed with aconstant and a variable of some degree. Examples of monomials are 5x3, 6a2. Monomials having differentexponents such as 5x3 and 3x4 cannot be added or subtracted but can be multiplied or divided by them. Anypolynomial of the form F(a) can also be written asF(a) = Q(a) x D (a) + R (a)using Dividend = Quotient x Divisor + Remainder.If the polynomial F(a) is divisible by Q(a), then the remainder is zero. Thus, F(a) = Q(a) x D(a). That is, thepolynomial F(a) is a product of two other polynomials Q(a) and D(a). For example, 2t + 6t2 = 2t x (1 + 3t).
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