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Thinking

Thinking

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Critical and Creative Thinking
Critical and Creative Thinking

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Published by: api-26344848 on Oct 17, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Critical and Creative Thinking
Defined

Critical and Creative Thinking are characteristics of good thinking processes, or types of thinking.

Critical thinking has to do with
evaluation of ideas,
creative thinking, with
generating them.
Critical and Creative Thinking
\u201cMe Creative\u201d
Generate ideas
\u201cMe CRITICAL\u201d

Analyse facts
Make comparisons
Evaluate

arguments
Draw conclusions
Critical and Creative Thinkers?
\u2022 \u201cI don\u2019t really like to think too much. I
just want to do what the boss says\u201d.
\u2022 \u201cWhy waste time wondering if he\u2019s
right?\u201d
\u2022 \u201cI would rather make smart decisions
than prove that I\u2019m right\u201d.

\u2022 \u201cI would like to hear everyone\u2019s
opinions, even if I take a different
stand\u201d.

Ways of Fostering
Critical and Creative Thinking (CCT)
1. Make students realise the importance of
knowledge for its own sake(students will be
more willingly to increase their knowledge)

2. Usevocabular y words describing such thinking
processes, e.g., \u2018what can you conclude\u2026\u2019, \u2018in
your analysis\u2026\u2019, \u2018looking at all points of view\u2026\u2019,
\u2018how can you defend your point of view?\u2019

3. Includeactivities that foster CCT, e.g.,
discussions, debates, role plays of possibilities,
solving of real-life problems with multiple solutions

4. Get them to read material outside their textbooks;
these would give them other viewpoints of an
event

Marzano\u2019s Dimensions of Learning
To learn, students must
1. Have positive
attitudes

2. Acquire knowledge
3. Extend knowledge
4. Use knowledge

meaningfully
5. Have productive
habits

Thus:
1. \u201cYes, I want to learn!\u201d
2. \u201cI am absorbing information!\u201d
3. \u201cSee, I\u2019m using concept maps

and KNLs!!\u201d

4. \u201cI can apply my knowledge of
photosynthesis to explain why
oxygen levels drop at night\u201d

5. \u201cI must have good mental habits
such as organising my
information into categories so
that I can remember easily\u201d

How can we promote learning
according to Marzano\u2019s dimensions?

1. How can generate positive attitudes/ or
make students feel that the tasks are
valuable?

2. How can we help studentsexperienc e
informationsuch that they learn?
3. What kind of activities will help students to
extend their knowledge?
4. How can we help students to be able to
reason in complex ways?
5. How can we teach them good mental
habits?

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