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Landslide Report

Landslide Report

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Published by: jfrancorecord on Oct 20, 2011
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10/20/2011

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THECITYOF
no
RussReevesC.Eng.,PE
CityEngineer
OfficeofTheCityEngineerDepartmentofPublicWorksBureauofEngineeringandCodeEnforcement
HarryTutunjian
Mayor
October20,2011ThomasHall,Esq.1128HoosickRd.Ste3Troy,NewYork12180Re:TroyFEMADisasterSite#IBrunswickRoad
&
Bleeker/HighlandAvenueslandslideTroy,RensselaerCountyNewYorkDearTom,OnAugust28,2011theNortheastandspecificallytheCapitalDistrictreceived7inchesofrain.AspartoftheHurricaneIrenestormevent.Asaresultofthisevent,theCityofTroyhadexperiencedatotalof19disastersitesthatincludedtheBrunswickRoadlandslide,bridgeanddamissues,retainingwallandembankmentfailuresalongCanalStreet,thelossoftheTroyMarina,damagetotheseawallandnumerousotherfloodrelatedstructuraldeficiencies.Duringthisstormevent,thehighintensityraininducedaslopefailureandresultinglandslideoftheembankmentthatliesadjacenttoBleekerandHighlandAvenuesandBrunswickRoad.
CityHall,OneMonumentSquare,Troy,NewYork12180Phone(518)270-4618/Fax(518)270-4642
 
Thefollowingisadescriptionofthevariousissuesassociatedwiththislandslideevent;
1.
TheStormevent;AsreferencedaboveonSundaythisareaofthecapitaldistrictreceived7inchesofrainoverashortduration,thisinducedthesubjectlandslide.Overthenextseveralweekssubsequentstormeventscausedapproximatelyfivesecondarylandslidesinthearea.TheHurricaneIrenestormeventhasbeenconsideredthethirdlargeststormeventinNewYorkStatesrecordedhistory,andhasbeenquantifiedasa500yearfrequencyevent.2.Descriptionoflandslideandextentoftheslopefailure;Heavyrunofffrombothgroundandsurfacewaterswerethedrivingforcethatinducedthislandslide.
It
isapparentbythereviewofthetopographyontheUSGSQuadrangleMapforthisareathatgroundwaterbeginningasfarawayastheelevatedTibbitsAvenuewaterstoragetanktraveledinanSouthWesterlydirectionatthefracturedshale/bedrockinterfaceandmigrateddownthroughtheTibbitsAvenue/HighlandAvenuecorridortowardstheBleekerAvenuesite.ThebedrocklayerdropsinelevationasoneproceedsinaWesterlydirectionwithaporoussandlayeroverburdenlyingoverthebedrockstrata,thisporoussandlayerpermitsasubstantialamountofgroundwatertobetransmittedtothelowlyingembankmentsthatformtheescarpmentaboveBrunswickRoad(NYSRt.2).Atthetimeofthestormeventtheheavymigrationofgroundwatercausedasignificantbuildupofhydrostaticpressureagainstaplasticbluegrayclaylayerthatremainssaturatedundrained,andunstable.Thecharacterofthesoilstratainthevicinityofthelandslideisestablishedthroughasoilboaringprogram.ThesoilprofileinthevicinityofthewatertankandalongTibbitsandHighlandAvenuesisestablishedthroughobservationsofexcavationsovertheyearsbyDepartmentofPublicUtilitiesforcesthroughoutthearea.Theimmediatefailurezonehasaverticalfaceofapproximately75ft.inheight130ft.wide,andithasanettraveldistanceof250ft.inaSoutherlydirectiontowardsBrunswickRoad.Photograph2showsatypicalviewofthelandslideareaasseenfromBrunswickRoad.Approximately5,000tonsofmudweredepositedaspartofthislandslideandcrushedportionsofthe3buildingssituatedat13,15,and19BrunswickRoad.Aspartofthefieldreconnaissancetheactualfailurezoneismuchmoreextensive,unstablesoilswerefoundinandaround62BankStreet,1738HighlandAvenue,29BleekerAvenue,11,13,15,19,23,25,and27BrunswickRoad.Thesoilsinthisvicinityareonsteepslopeswithahighmoisturecontent,softinnaturewherethereisevidenceoftransverseshearcracksoccurringasaresultofthisstormeventwhichisthedrivingforceofthelandslide.
CityHall,OneMonumentSquare,Troy,NewYork12180Phone(518)270-4618/Fax(518)270-4642
ItshallbepointedoutthatthepresentconditionoftheBrunswickRoadescarpmentisconsidereddangerousandunstable,thisconditionwillbefurtherdiscussedinsection5(soiltestresults)inordertosafelymitigatethisunstablelandslideconditionitwillbe
 
Photograph2necessarytoremoveeachofthebuildingsreferencedabovewithpossiblytheexceptionof1738HighlandAvenue.Savingagivenstructurewillbefunctionallydependentonfinalgradingrequirementsandwherestablesoilscanbeestablished.CommunicationswitheachlandandbuildingownershallbemaintainedthroughoutthismitigationprocessinordertokeepallaffectedpartiesawareoftheprogressandEngineeringandconstructionissues.3.DesignConsultant;OnAugust29,2011theCityofTroyretainedtheservicesofCamp,DresserandMcKee(CDM)toprovideGeneralCivil,StructuralandGeotechnicalservicesonanemergencybasistotakeonsitesoilborings,providegeotechnicaltestresultsofthesoils,performaslopestabilityanalysisandperformaphasedemergencymitigationplanthatwouldberequiredtoaddresspublicsafetyissuesandcreateaproperEngineeredplantoaddressthislandslide.CDMisanationallyrecognizedfirmfortheirexpertiseinallphasesofProfessionalEngineering.
CityHall,OneMonumentSquare,Troy,NewYork12180Phone(518)270-4618/Fax(518)270-4642
4.FEMA;OnSundaySeptember4,2011arepresentativeofFEMAmetwithCodeEnforcementOfficerKevinMooneyandItomakeafieldreconnaissanceofthelandslideareaandthemajorityofourdisastersites.OnSeptember19,2011wepreparedanEngineeringdescriptionofeachofthesedisastersitesforthepurposeofthepresentationtotheFEMAAgency.OnSeptember19,2011CityofTroyDirectorofOperations

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