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Design Principles - Excavators

Design Principles - Excavators

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Published by alfavector

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: alfavector on Oct 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/03/2013

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Design Principles - Excavator Technology Figure 1Figure 2 Figure 3Wind tunnels are used when designing cars. They provide the engineers with the appropriate design specifications they need to achieve to gain speed and/or efficiency.Similar principles are used in bucket design:1. to achieve the maximum digging force for the minimum amount of pressure exerted, increasing fuel economy2. to streamline the bucket flow through the cut, reducing the power required, increasing fuel economy3. compact design means a shorter pin to point (bucket pin to end of tooth) so that more power (force) gets to break the ground easier without losing the bucketcapacity4. that the bucket shapes simulates the natural arc of the dipper arm as it digsthe earth, again reducing the force on the excavator – saving fuel and maintenance costs5. that the bucket is designed for the geometry of the excavator. That it digs correctly as the machine was designed. It’s not just a case of changing bucket hangers to fit all machines. All excavators are designed to dig differently and fitting the wrong bucket may result in the bucket either hitting the inside of the dipper arm or not opening up enough to dig efficientlyWhy doesn’t everyone build their buckets this way?Technology - the majority of excavator attachment manufacturers do not have thetechnology nor do they understand the principles needed to design attachments. Many of them are just welders or boiler makers who have been asked to copy a client’s bucket. It’s a little like getting your motor mechanic to build you a car!Manufacturers have spent millions of dollars on technology to improve the designof their machines, so that they will perform better and more efficiently in allareas. When poorly designed attachments are installed, the machines will not perform to the manufacturer’s or the owner’s expectations, using more fuel, and requiring more maintenanceOH&S - With more importance being placed on workplace safety, the real concerning factor is that many manufacturers have no idea as to the safe working loads ofthe machines for which they are building their buckets, nor do they have the capacity to calculate the computations necessary to work to the capacity of the machines. Not only does this mean that the operator’s and innocent bystander’s safetyis at risk, it also works the other way, that the attachment may be over-sized,under-sized, too heavy or too light so that the machine cannot be utilised efficiently or effectivelyCost - Costs are a major reason why many manufacturers don’t use technology. Somemanufacturers that have the technology don’t use it because to weld a brace here or there takes extra time and labour. Our efficient double radius bucket design r

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