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4th Grading Lesson

4th Grading Lesson

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Published by Allan Labad

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Published by: Allan Labad on Oct 21, 2011
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11/12/2012

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ENGLIGH – I GRAMMAR REVIEW # 1(Adopted from Workbook 1 & 2 prepared by the team headedBy Mrs. Virginia S. Maningo, HT-IIII)Copied w/ permission by: Allan C. Labad-English Teacher/SPED Coor.I – READING COMPREHENSION: BIOGRAPHY
BETTER TO BE FEARED THAN LOVE, SAYS
 
FORMER SINGAPORE LEADER
 Former 
Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kwan
Yew 
believes that it is better for a
leader 
to be feared thanlove. “If nonody is afraid of me, I am meaningless,” said the
man
who governed
Singapor 
e
 
from
1959
to
1990.
The former Singaporean
leader 
 
also believes that it is not necessary to tell everything to the
people
 
at alltime. “My
 job
is to persuade my
people
to the right
way
. And sometimes, it may be necessary not to tell them allthe
facts
 
because it will scare them.”
Lee
 
says also that he has “never been concerned or obsessed with
opinion polls
or 
popularity poll
.” 
He believes that a
leader 
who is concerned with his popularity is a weak
leader.Lee
 
is credited with developing
Singapore
from a mere British trading
outpost
into one of the world’srichest
countries
.
Lee
is a
lawyer 
who studied in
Britain
.
After thirty
years
of 
power, Lee
rEsigned and turnedover his
position
to
Prime Minister Go
. At present,
Lee
is
a
senior minister 
in the Singaporean
government.
 English Workbook (Macabenta)
LET’S TALK ABOUT IT 
1.What kind of leader is Lee Kwan Yew?2.What are some of the beliefs of Lee Kwan Yew?3.Why is it not good for a leader to tell everything to his people according to Lee Kwan Yew?4.Do you agree with the beliefs of Mr. Yew? Why?5.How many years did Lee Kwan Yew governed Singapore?
FOCUS ON FORM: NOUNS 
Nouns
are names of persons, places, things, ideas, or state of being. Everything that can be seen by our naked eyes is noun.
Proper nouns
are the specific names of nouns and start with a capital letter while
common nouns
refer to gneral names of nouns and start with a small letter.
Noun Gender 
Nouns like father or mother, rooster or hen, indicate whether the person or animal is male or female. Thissex distinction in nouns is called gender of which there are four categories:1.Nouns which denote males belong to the masculine gender.Actorkingstag2.Nouns which denote females belong to the fiminine gender.Mistresswifehena.The feminine gender may be formed from the masculine by adding –ess.God-goddessheir-heiresspriest-priestessLion-lionessemperor empressgiant-giantessb.Gender may also be expressed by the addition of certain words connoting the masculine or feminine before the noun.Boy friendmale cousinlady doctoc.Gender may be expressed by a different word.Sir madambull- cowdog bitch3.Nouns that refer to objects without life are in the neuter gender.Barangayvintasealand4.Nouns which can be either masculine or feminine belong to the common gender.BabychildhelpeWith regards to nouns in this category, there sometimes are for living thing – three words, onemasculine, one feminine, and one for common gender.MasculineFeminineCommomFathermotherparentBrothersistersiblingStallionmarehorseBoarsowpig
SOMETHING TO DO
A.
Substitute
the opposite gender of the underlined noun:
1.
There was no priest in the parish.
2.
No emperor ruled the Philippines.3.A king ruled the kingdom.
4.
The sons of the rulers were considered freemen.
1
 
5.
The rajah’s child was a prince.
6.
If a datu had no son, his nephew might succeed him.
7.
There were no stage actors in primitive society.
8.
There were shepherds of small flocks.
9.
Aprince gave fine stallions as gifts to the emperor.
10.
The early Filipinos believed in many gods.B.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate noun.MaleFmaleOffspring1. bullcow__________2. ___________doe__________3. ___________hen__________4. boar__________piglet5. ___________hen__________6. ___________goose__________7. stallion____________________8. tiger____________________9. ___________duck__________10. lion____________________
THE SCRIBE IN ME 
List down at least ten (10) qualities of a good leader. Use nouns or adjectives in a ½ sheet of paper 
II. READING COMPREHENSION:
A FABLE
THE DONKEY IN THE LION’S SKIN
Wandering through the forest one day, a donkey found a lion’s skin. “How magnificient!”
he
said to
himself 
.
He
put
it
on and turned around “Ah! How grand
I
look!”
He
set off to find the other animals.
They
wouldreally admire
him
in
his
new lion’s skin.Soon
he
found
his
friend, the cow.
She
quitely eating grass in the meadow. “Look at
me
!
I
’m a lion!” thedonkey brayed at the cow.
“I
’m the king of the animals. Hee-haw! Hee-haw!”“How stu-u-u-pid” the cow moved. “
 You
may think you look like
him
! But as soon as
you
open
your 
mouth, silly, everyone can tell
you
’re a donkey!”
LET’S TALK ABOUT IT 
1.Is it right for the donkey to wear the lion’s skin? Why?2.Why is it that the cow called the donkey stupid?
FOCUS ON FORM : PERSONAL PRONOUNS 
CasesNominativeObjectivePossessivePer sonSingularPluralSingularPluralSingularPlural
1
st
dWeMeUsMy, mineOur, ours2
nd
YouYouYouYouYour, yoursYour, yours3
rd
MasculineHeTheyHimThemHis/herTheir/theirsFeminineSheHerHersNeuter ItItIt
SOMETHING TO DO
A.Rewrite the text below. Replace the nouns need to be replaced by pronouns.Alice’s older sister Marrieta appears to be brighter than Alice. Marrieta is a consistent honoestudent; Alice is not. Marrieta has special talents too. Marrieta writes for the school paper. Marrieta has apart-time as a receptionist in a telegraph office. In the other hand, Alice goes home after class and helpsher mother with the household chores.Alice observes that her parent’s attention is always on Marrieta. Their parents talk to Marrietaabout their plans for sending Marrieta to a college in Manila. Alice is beginning to feel that there is afavoritism in the family. Alice feels that she is no longer loved. This has make Alice unhappy
2
 
THE SCRIBE IN ME:
Write a compostion telling about youreself. Suggested title : ‘ALL ABOUT MY LIFE”
LAUGHTER, THE BEST MEDICINE
DON COJAZZI
says
that the best place to discover people’s temperament is in a cheaprestaurant. Or, to be exact, in a cheap restaurant where a thirsty man who has
ordered
a glass of 
 
 beer,
brought
to him with a big fly
struggling
in it. Is a customer an Englishman? He
puts
the glass down the table; calmly
ring
s the bell andcalmly
orders
; “Another glass of beer, cool, and clean, please.” Having
drunk 
the beer, he
pays
and
goes
out, neither moved or upset. If anyone is upset, it is the waiter, not because of the fly but becauseof the tip he didn’t receive.Is the glass of beer 
served
to a Frenchman? He
sees
the fly and
goes
mad. He
slams
down theglass,
swears
and
shouts
at the owner and the waiters,
goes
out slamming the door and in
 
the streetcontinues on
ranting
against the restaurant, the beer and the fly.An Italian
comes
in
, looks
at the fly, and smilingly
flicks
his middle finger at it to chase it off thesurface of the beer. He
 jokes
with the waiter: “
Look,
I
asked
you for a drink and you’ve
brought
mesomething to eat.” But he
drinks
it all just the same and leaves, forgetting to pay the bill. Now it’s the turn of the German. He
sees
the fly,
raised
the glass to the height of his nose and
frown
,
shuts
his eyes,
put
 back his head a little, and being highly disciplined,
sends
down
 
 both the beer and the fly in a single gulp. Last of all the Eskimo. He is much amused to see the fly in the foam of the beer and
take
out hiseyeglasses, so wholly
taken
up with the sight of the fly in the foam of the beer. He’s never 
seen
a fly3

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