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2011 National Gang Threat Assessment - FBI

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment - FBI

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Published by PRMurphy
The National Gang Intelligence Center (NGIC) prepared the 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment (NGTA ) to examine emerging gang trends and threats posed by criminal gangs to communities throughout the United
States.
The National Gang Intelligence Center (NGIC) prepared the 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment (NGTA ) to examine emerging gang trends and threats posed by criminal gangs to communities throughout the United
States.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: PRMurphy on Oct 22, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/24/2014

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2011
NATIONAL GANG THREAT ASSESSMENT
Emerging Trends
NATIONAL GANG INTELLIGENCE CENTER
 
SPECIAL THANKS TO THE NATIONAL DRUG INTELLIGENCE CENTER FOR THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND SUPPORT.
 
2011 National Gang Threat AssessmentNational Gang Intelligence Center
1
2011 National Gang Threat Assessment – Emerging Trends
Table of ConTenTs
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3Scope and Methodology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 About the NGIC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Gang Definitions and Regional Breakdown . . . . .5Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Key Findings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7Current Gang-Related Trends and Crime . . . . . . 9
Gang Membership and Expansion . . . . . . . . 9Gang-Related Violent Crime . . . . . . . . . . 14Gang-Related Drug Distribution and Trafficking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Juvenile Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Gang Alliances and Collaboration. . . . . . . . 17Gang Sophistication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Expansion of Ethnic-Based and Non-Traditional Gangs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
 Asian Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18East African Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Somali Gangs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Sudanese Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Caribbean Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Dominican Gangs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Haitian Gangs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Jamaican Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Non-Traditional Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Hybrid Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Juggalos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Gangs and Alien Smuggling, Human Trafficking, & Prostitution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
 Alien Smuggling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Human Trafficking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Prostitution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Gangs and Criminal Organizations. . . . . . . . . 25
Gangs and Drug Trafficking Organizations . . . 25Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations. . . 25Gangs and Organized Criminal Groups. . . . . 27
Gangs and Corrections Issues. . . . . . . . . . . 29
Prison/Street Gang Connections . . . . . . . . 29Prison/Family Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . 29Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30Contraband Cell Phones . . . . . . . . . . 30Leadership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31Prison Radicalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Gang Infiltration of Corrections, Law Enforcement & Government. . . . . . . . . . 32Gangs and Indian Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33Gangs and the Military . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34Gangs and the US Border . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
The Southwest Border . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38The Northern Border . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Gangs, Technology, and Communication . . . . . 40Gangs and Weapons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42Gangs and White Collar Crime. . . . . . . . . . . 43Law Enforcement Actions and Resources. . . . . 44Outlook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45Maps Gang Presence in the United States . . . 46 Appendix A. Gangs by State. . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Appendix B. MDTOs Alliances and Rivals. . . . . 84 Appendix C. Federal Gang Task Forces . . . . . . 86 Appendix D. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . 92Endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

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