The third position is made by swinging the ﬂag down directly in front and returning to Position.In order to keep the ﬂag from “fouling” when making these motions, make a sort of ﬁgure 8with the point of the stick. A slight turn of the wrist accomplishes this result and becomes veryeasy after a little practice. Beginners should master the three motions of the ﬂag, exaggeratingthe ﬁgure 8 motion before they attempt to make letters.It is also best to learn the code before attempting to wig wag it, so that the individual will befree to concentrate upon the technique or correct managing of the ﬂag.Make no pause between dots and dashes in making a letter, but make a continuous swing fromright to left, or from left to right. A pause at Position indicates the completion of a letter.One Interval (Front) indicates the completion of a word.Two Intervals indicate the completion of a sentence.Three Intervals indicate the completion of a message.
Do not try for speed.
In all signalling, accuracy is the important thing, for unless the letters are accurately made theycannot be easily read, and the message will have to be repeated. Fall into a regular easy rhythmin sending. Speed comes with practice.
Signalling with a Flash Light
Use a short ﬂash for the dot and a long steady ﬂash for the dash. Pause the length of three dotsbetween letters, and the length of ﬁve dots between words. A still longer pause marks the endof a sentence.
Signalling by Whistle
Use a short blast for the dot, and a long steady blast for the dash. Indicate the end of a letter,a word, and a sentence by the same pauses as explained in Flash Light Signalling.
Signalling by Lantern
The motions used in signalling with a lantern are somewhat like those of the wig wag ﬂag. ForPosition, hold the lantern directly in front of the body; for the dot swing it to the right and backto Position; For the dash swing it to the left and back to Position; and for Interval move id downand up in a vertical line directly in front. A stationary light should be placed on the groundbefore the feet as a point of reference for the various motions.