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SUPP GS Signaling

# SUPP GS Signaling

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Signaling

Wig Wam (Wig Wag), Morse Code, Semaphore, etc.
Signaling

Wig Wam (Wig Wag), Morse Code, Semaphore, etc.

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01/07/2012

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Signaling
In the early days of Girl Scouting, there were no cell phones. Communication was limited to signalling and telegraphs. This supplement gives you some ideas on how girls used to communicate. Try it yourself!
Wig Wam (Wig Wag) Signalling
The ﬂag used for this signalling is square with a smaller square of another color in the center.It may be either white with the smaller square red, or red with the smaller square white. A goodsize for Scout use is 24 inches square with a center 9 inches square, on a pole 42 inches longand one-half inch in diameter.There are but three motions with the ﬂag and all start from, and are completed by, return toposition, which means the ﬂag held perpendicularly and at rest directly in front of the signaller.Signaller should stand erect, well balanced on the arches of the feet. The butt of the ﬂag stick isheld lightly in the right hand; the left hand steadies and directs the ﬂag at a distance from six totwelve inches above the right on the stick. The length of the stick will determine the position ofthe left hand; the longer the stick the further apart must the hands be placed in order to obtainthe best balance.
DOT
To make the dot, swing the ﬂag down to the right until the stick reaches the horizontal andbring it back to Position.
DASH
To make the dash, swing the ﬂag to the left until it reaches the horizontal and bring it back toPosition.

INTERVAL
The third position is made by swinging the ﬂag down directly in front and returning to Position.In order to keep the ﬂag from “fouling” when making these motions, make a sort of ﬁgure 8with the point of the stick. A slight turn of the wrist accomplishes this result and becomes veryeasy after a little practice. Beginners should master the three motions of the ﬂag, exaggeratingthe ﬁgure 8 motion before they attempt to make letters.It is also best to learn the code before attempting to wig wag it, so that the individual will befree to concentrate upon the technique or correct managing of the ﬂag.Make no pause between dots and dashes in making a letter, but make a continuous swing fromright to left, or from left to right. A pause at Position indicates the completion of a letter.One Interval (Front) indicates the completion of a word.Two Intervals indicate the completion of a sentence.Three Intervals indicate the completion of a message.
Do not try for speed.
In all signalling, accuracy is the important thing, for unless the letters are accurately made theycannot be easily read, and the message will have to be repeated. Fall into a regular easy rhythmin sending. Speed comes with practice.
Signalling with a Flash Light
Use a short ﬂash for the dot and a long steady ﬂash for the dash. Pause the length of three dotsbetween letters, and the length of ﬁve dots between words. A still longer pause marks the endof a sentence.
Signalling by Whistle
Use a short blast for the dot, and a long steady blast for the dash. Indicate the end of a letter,a word, and a sentence by the same pauses as explained in Flash Light Signalling.
Signalling by Lantern
The motions used in signalling with a lantern are somewhat like those of the wig wag ﬂag. ForPosition, hold the lantern directly in front of the body; for the dot swing it to the right and backto Position; For the dash swing it to the left and back to Position; and for Interval move id downand up in a vertical line directly in front. A stationary light should be placed on the groundbefore the feet as a point of reference for the various motions.

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