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Linear Koefisien Tetap ( fisika matematika II )

Linear Koefisien Tetap ( fisika matematika II )

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Published by Agus Dian Pratama

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Published by: Agus Dian Pratama on Oct 22, 2011
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04/28/2012

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LINEAR KOEFISIEN TETAP
PD Linear orde n koefisien tetap
)(...
0111122
 x F  ya dxdyadx yadx ya
nnnn
=++++
Dengan a
k
(k=0,1,2,...,n) : tetapan , a
n
0F(x)
0 PD tak homogenF(x) = 0 PD homogen
 
 
OPERATOR LINEAR DDf(x) = df(x)/dxD
2
f(x)= d
2
f(x)/dx
2
D
0
f(x)=d
0
f(x)/dx
0
= If(x) = f(x)Sifat-sifat operator linear:1.Linear (L
1
+ L
2
)f(x) = L
1
f(x) + L
2
f(x)2.Asosiatif L
1
L
2
f(x) = L
1
(L
2
f(x) )3.Komutatif L
1
L
2
f(x) = L
2
L
1
f(x)
 
 
OPERATOR LINEAR DOperator L yang polinomial dalam D dengan koefisien tetapmemenuhi pula aljabar polinom bilangan biasa.Lf(x) = (aD
2
+ bD +cI ) f(x)ar 
2
+ br + c = 0 ( persamaan karakteristik operator L)Jika akar karakteristiknya r 
1
dan r 
2
, makaar 
2
+ br + c = a(r – r 
1
)(r – r 
2
)Operator L dapat pula difaktorkan menjadi,L = (aD
2
+ bD +cI ) = a(D –
1
)(D – r 
2
)

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