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Fungsi Diri Dan Nilai Diri Operator L2 ( fisika kuantum )

Fungsi Diri Dan Nilai Diri Operator L2 ( fisika kuantum )

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Published by Agus Dian Pratama

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Published by: Agus Dian Pratama on Oct 22, 2011
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10/22/2011

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Fungsi Diri dan Nilai Diri Operator 
2
ˆ
 L
+     =
22222
sin1sinsin1ˆ
ϕ θ θ θ θ θ 
 L
Misal Fungsi Diri Operator 
2
ˆ
 L
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)Persamaan Nilai Diri:
2
ˆ
 L
 
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)=
2
β  
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)
 
 Nilai Diri
+     
2222
sin1sinsin1
ϕ θ θ θ θ θ 
 
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)=
2
β  
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)
[ ]
0ˆ,ˆ;ˆ
2
==
 z 
L Li L
ϕ 
 z 
 L L
ˆ,ˆ
2
saling komut
berarti 
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)
Fungsi Diri bersama bagi
 z 
 Ldan L
ˆˆ
2
Kita Pilih:Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)=
( )
ϕ β 
θ π 
imm
e P 
21
 
( ) ( )( ) ( )
( )( )
).....(..........0 1112011sin,cos: )(..........sin1sinsin1).........(,, ˆ
222222222222
iii P md P  P mdkan Didefinisi ii P  P im L
mmmm Z 
=+=      +===+     =
ω ω β ω ω ω ω β ω ω ω θ θ ω θ ω  θ β θ ϕ θ θ θ θ θ ϕ θ ϕ θ 
β β β β 
Fungsi P memiliki singularitas di titik 
ω
=
±
1Penyelesaian di dekat
ω
+1,
β
<<
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
[ ]
)......(...1111 )......(01411
221022222
vaaa P  iv P mdP  P 
+++= =
ω ω ω ω  ω ω ω ω 
α 
Substitusi (v) ke (iv) kemudian menyesuaikankoefisien suku
( )
2
1
α 
ω 
diperoleh:
( )
2.......(*)041
20
mma
±==+
α α α α 
Untuk 
( )
( ) ( )
[ ]
....112
10210
++==
ω ω α 
aa P m
m
Untuk 
( )
( ) ( )
[ ]
....1''1 2
1021
++==
ω ω α 
aa P m
m
Bantuan matematis memperoleh pers(*):
 
( )( )( ) ( ) ( )
[ ]
( ) ( ) ( )
[ ]
( ) ( )
[ ]
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
[
[ ]
( ) ( )
[ ]
( ) ( )
[ ]
......12.321....121 121....1111 ...121....111 ...111 01411
3221 12112210222212210122102222
++++ +++= ++++= +++= =
ω ω ω ω α  ω ω α ω ω ω α α  ω ω ω ω ω ω α  ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω 
α α α α α α α 
aaaa aaaaa  P aaaaa dP aaa P   P mdP  P 
( )
2
1
α 
ω 
( )
1
1
α 
ω 
22
ω 
 P 
( )
0
1
a
+
α α 
( )
111
1
aaa
α α α α 
+
( )
ω ω 
d
11
o
a
α  
11
aa
+
α 
( )
m
22
14
ω 
02
4
am
12
4
am
+

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