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Fungsi Diri Dan Nilai Diri Operator L2 ( fisika kuantum )

# Fungsi Diri Dan Nilai Diri Operator L2 ( fisika kuantum )

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10/22/2011

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Fungsi Diri dan Nilai Diri Operator
2
ˆ
L
+     =
22222
sin1sinsin1ˆ
ϕ θ θ θ θ θ
L
Misal Fungsi Diri Operator
2
ˆ
L
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)Persamaan Nilai Diri:
2
ˆ
L

Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)=
2
β
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)

Nilai Diri
+    
2222
sin1sinsin1
ϕ θ θ θ θ θ

Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)=
2
β
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)
[ ]
0ˆ,ˆ;ˆ
2
==
z
L Li L
ϕ
z
L L
ˆ,ˆ
2
saling komut
berarti
Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)
Fungsi Diri bersama bagi
z
Ldan L
ˆˆ
2
Kita Pilih:Y
β
(
θ
,
ϕ
)=
( )
ϕ β
θ π
imm
e P
21

( ) ( )( ) ( )
( )( )
).....(..........0 1112011sin,cos: )(..........sin1sinsin1).........(,, ˆ
222222222222
iii P md P  P mdkan Didefinisi ii P  P im L
mmmm Z
=+=      +===+     =
ω ω β ω ω ω ω β ω ω ω θ θ ω θ ω  θ β θ ϕ θ θ θ θ θ ϕ θ ϕ θ
β β β β
Fungsi P memiliki singularitas di titik
ω
=
±
1Penyelesaian di dekat
ω
+1,
β
<<
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
[ ]
)......(...1111 )......(01411
221022222
vaaa P  iv P mdP  P
+++= =
ω ω ω ω  ω ω ω ω
α
Substitusi (v) ke (iv) kemudian menyesuaikankoefisien suku
( )
2
1
α
ω
diperoleh:
( )
2.......(*)041
20
mma
±==+
α α α α
Untuk
( )
( ) ( )
[ ]
....112
10210
++==
ω ω α
aa P m
m
Untuk
( )
( ) ( )
[ ]
....1''1 2
1021
++==
ω ω α
aa P m
m
Bantuan matematis memperoleh pers(*):

( )( )( ) ( ) ( )
[ ]
( ) ( ) ( )
[ ]
( ) ( )
[ ]
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
[
[ ]
( ) ( )
[ ]
( ) ( )
[ ]
......12.321....121 121....1111 ...121....111 ...111 01411
3221 12112210222212210122102222
++++ +++= ++++= +++= =
ω ω ω ω α  ω ω α ω ω ω α α  ω ω ω ω ω ω α  ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω
α α α α α α α
aaaa aaaaa  P aaaaa dP aaa P   P mdP  P
( )
2
1
α
ω
( )
1
1
α
ω
22
ω
P
( )
0
1
a
+
α α
( )
111
1
aaa
α α α α
+
( )
ω ω
d
11
o
a
α
11
aa
+
α
( )
m
22
14
ω
02
4
am
12
4
am
+