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matriks kuantum ( fisika kuantum )

matriks kuantum ( fisika kuantum )

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05/27/2013

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OPERATOR, MATRIKS, SPIN
INGAT KEMBALI!PERS. NILAI DIRI MOMENTUM ANGULAR:
( )
lmlm Z lmlm
m L L
=+=
1
22
Untuk kasus Osilator Harmonik:
( )( )
( )( )( ) ( )( )
3...........2...........1 1.......21121!1
1,1,,.11021
++++++
=+=     +===+=     +==
nmnmnm nmnmnm nmnmnm nmnm nnnnnnnnn
n A A nu A A n H  H n An A n H An
δ  δ  ωδ  δ  ω
(1), (2), dan (3) dapat di nyatakan dalam bentuk matriks:
         =
....250 0.....0230.....0 021....:.:
ω
H  H m a trik sd a p a tk a nk ita k o lo mm e n y a ta k a nnb a rism e n y a ta k a nm H  H
m nmm

MATRIKS A
+
      =      =
+
. . .30 0 0. .020 0 . . .0 010 .. .020 . . .0 01. . .0 0 0
A AM A T R A
Beberapa Operator Momentum Angular.Dalam bentuk matriks*Matriks Operator
Z
L
ˆ
:
mmmm Lm mmmmm Lm
Z mm Z
,',', .,',', ˆ''
',,'
δ   δ   δ
===
Untuk
=1
m=1, 0, -1Maka m=1, m=0, m=-1m=1
00

m=0000
=
1001ˆ
L
m=-100
     ==
10 00 01 0ˆˆˆ
.
p a u l im a t r i k s
L
σ σ
*Matriks Operator L
±
( ) ( )
[ ]
+++±±
==        =±+=
σ δ
Lu n tu k  L mmm Lm
mm
;1.0 0 020 002011,ˆ',
1,'21