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Momentum Sudut Lz ( fisika kuantum )

Momentum Sudut Lz ( fisika kuantum )

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Published by Agus Dian Pratama

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Published by: Agus Dian Pratama on Oct 22, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/03/2014

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MOMENTUM SUDUT
Pembahasan meliputi:
Operator Momentum Sudut
 Nilai diri dan fungsi diri
Persoalan elektron dalam medan potensialsferik 
Atom Hidrogen
Rotasi Molekul
Operator Momentum Sudut
Momentum sudut secara klasik:
 L
=
  p x
 
( )
( )
( )
 x y z x y Z 
Y  X  X  Z  j Z  y i L
++=
ˆˆˆˆˆ
…(1)
linier momentum p posisivektor 
::
Komponen – komponen Operator 
 L
dalam koordinatkartesian:
 
 y z  X 
 Z  P  L
ˆˆˆ
=
=
            
 y z 
i Z i
 z  X 
 X  P  Z  L
ˆˆˆ
=
=
 y z  X 
i L
ˆ
=
 z  x
 Z i L
ˆ
 
=
            
 z  x
i X i Z 
 x Z 
 P  X  L
ˆˆˆ
=
=
            
 x y
ii X 
Operator Momentum Sudut
koordinat bolaTinjau:Hubungan koordinat kartesian dengan koordinat bola
2222
cossinsincossin
 z  y x  z  y x
++====
θ ϕ θ ϕ θ 
(*)Pernyataan komponen L dalam koordinat bolaDari persamaan(*) di peroleh:
d z dy ydx xd z dy ydx xd z dy ydx xddd cddy ddx
++=++=++==++=+=
ϕ ϕ ϕ ϕ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ ϕ ϕ θ θ ϕ θ ϕ θ  ϕ ϕ θ θ ϕ θ ϕ θ 
sincoscossinsincossinsin sinsincoscoscossin
(**)
=
 x Z 
 X i L
ˆ
 
)(0sincos)(sincossincos1sinsin)(.sinsincoscos1cossin
iii z  z  z   z ii y y y  yi x x x
+=++=++=++=+=++=
θ θ θ ϕ ϕ θ θ ϕ θ ϕ θ ϕ θ ϕ θ  ϕ ϕ θ θ ϕ θ θ θ ϕ θ ϕ θ  ϕ ϕ θ θ 
(i), (ii), dan (iii)
substitusi ke persamaan komponenmomentum sudut
 z  y x
L L L
ˆ,ˆ,ˆ
sehingga di peroleh:
+     =++===+=
222222222
sin1sinsin1ˆˆˆˆˆ ˆsincotcosˆcoscotsinˆ
ϕ θ θ θ θ θ ϕ ϕ ϕ θ θ ϕ ϕ ϕ θ θ ϕ 
 L L L L L i L g i L g i L
 z  y x z  y x
Operator Momentum Sudut Dalam Koordinat BolaBagaimana fungsi diri dan nilai diri Operator 
 Z 
 L
ˆ
?
Fungsi Diri dan Nilai Diri Operator 
 Z 
 L
ˆ
ϕ 
=
i L
 z 
ˆ

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