Ques3. Prove by the method of contradiction
that is not a rational number.Ans.
A rational number is of the form p/q where , and p, q are not having any common factors.Assume that is a rational number. So it can be written asIf p is even, then it can be written as p = 2k. Therefore 4
= 2. Therefore q is even.This is a contradiction to our assumption that p and q have no common factors. Therefore is not arational number.
Ques.4. Prove by mathematical inductionAns.
Let n = 0. Then the sum on the left is zero, since there is nothing to add. The expressionon the right is also zero.If n=1, left side = = 1Right side = = = 1.Hence the result is true for n = 1.(ii)
: Assume that the result to be true for n = mThenAdding the
to both sides of the above equation, we get,
Therefore the result is true for n= m+1. Hence by mathematical induction the given result is true for all positive integers n.