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Current Trends of Antibiotic Use in Bangladesh and Its Possible Outcomes

Current Trends of Antibiotic Use in Bangladesh and Its Possible Outcomes

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It is a very good document on this topic. Information were collected from last 10 to 30 years of study done by scientists.
It is a very good document on this topic. Information were collected from last 10 to 30 years of study done by scientists.

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Published by: Mohammad Arafat Siddiqui on Oct 22, 2011
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08/04/2013

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Running head: ANTIBIOTIC USE IN BANGLADESH
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Current Trends of Antibiotic Use in Bangladesh and Its possible OutcomesArafat SiddiquiEast-West UniversityAuthor NoteArafat Siddiqui, Department of Pharmacy, East- West University.This assignment was instructed by Farjana Khatun, Lecturer, and Dept. of Pharmacy,Course: PHRM 306, East-West University.Correspondence concerning this assignment should be addressed to Arafat Siddiqui, ID:2009-1-70-014, Department of Pharmacy, East-West University, Mohakhali, Dhaka. E-mail:mohammad_arafat@rocketmail.com 
 
Running head: ANTIBIOTIC USE IN BANGLADESH
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AbstractThis assignment is based on the use of antibiotic in Bangladesh. It was found that irrationalprescribing is common in Bangladesh. Hence, bacterial resistances are observed in our countrylike outside world. Here current type of antibiotic prescribing practice, its scopes, advantages anddisadvantages, causes, role of pharmacists and doctors, public consciousness and possibleoutcomes are briefly described. Some data are of outside world are mentioned here for betterunderstanding. Some lists of locally popular antibiotics with its manufacturer and brand namesare also included.
Key words:
antibiotic, multi-drug resistance, infection
 
Running head: ANTIBIOTIC USE IN BANGLADESH
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Current Trends of Antibiotic Use in Bangladesh and Its Possible OutcomesBefore 1900s thousands of people died of bacterial infections and other diseases whichare caused by microbes. At the battle field hundreds of soldiers died due to bacterial infectionson major injuries and cut. Mercury was used to treat syphilis as early as 1495. In 1798 EdwardJenner discovered vaccination for smallpox using cowpox vaccine. Louis Pasteur worked onrabies. In 1910 an arsenical compound having antimicrobial property known as Salvarsan wassynthesized by Paul Ehrlich. But during 1929, there was a breakthrough. It was AlexanderFleming who discovered the first antibiotic Known as Penicillin, a metabolic product of 
Penicillium notatum
(Pelczar, Chan, & Krieg, 2005). It was just the beginning of a new era.Since then development of newer antibiotics has been a major interest for scientists all over theworld. Thousands of lives are saved. Within in few decades antibiotics became one of the mostcommon names in medical prescriptions. Unfortunately due to widely use of antibiotics and lack of rational practice of it, new headache has came for scientists. Like environment pollution,natural disaster, insufficient sources of energy, a new problem for future generation of mankindhas been created. It is bacterial resistance against antibiotics. Day by day choices of antibioticsare reducing. Scientists are working hard to find new source and developing newer antibiotics.International communities are working to create consciousness among public.Our country is not safe from this disaster. It is necessary to get an overview of presentsituation of antibiotic prescribing practice in our country so that we can predict the fortune of ournext generation and take preventive measures as early as possible. In the past few years lots of survey was done. National public health organizations and others are working on it. Here wehave gathered available information to get an overview.

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