Running head: ANTIBIOTIC USE IN BANGLADESH
Current Trends of Antibiotic Use in Bangladesh and Its Possible OutcomesBefore 1900s thousands of people died of bacterial infections and other diseases whichare caused by microbes. At the battle field hundreds of soldiers died due to bacterial infectionson major injuries and cut. Mercury was used to treat syphilis as early as 1495. In 1798 EdwardJenner discovered vaccination for smallpox using cowpox vaccine. Louis Pasteur worked onrabies. In 1910 an arsenical compound having antimicrobial property known as Salvarsan wassynthesized by Paul Ehrlich. But during 1929, there was a breakthrough. It was AlexanderFleming who discovered the first antibiotic Known as Penicillin, a metabolic product of
(Pelczar, Chan, & Krieg, 2005). It was just the beginning of a new era.Since then development of newer antibiotics has been a major interest for scientists all over theworld. Thousands of lives are saved. Within in few decades antibiotics became one of the mostcommon names in medical prescriptions. Unfortunately due to widely use of antibiotics and lack of rational practice of it, new headache has came for scientists. Like environment pollution,natural disaster, insufficient sources of energy, a new problem for future generation of mankindhas been created. It is bacterial resistance against antibiotics. Day by day choices of antibioticsare reducing. Scientists are working hard to find new source and developing newer antibiotics.International communities are working to create consciousness among public.Our country is not safe from this disaster. It is necessary to get an overview of presentsituation of antibiotic prescribing practice in our country so that we can predict the fortune of ournext generation and take preventive measures as early as possible. In the past few years lots of survey was done. National public health organizations and others are working on it. Here wehave gathered available information to get an overview.