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PVC_by Le Hai Yen 05E19

PVC_by Le Hai Yen 05E19

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05/09/2014

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PVC
Prepared by Le Hai Yen \u2013 05E19
TRANSCRIBED VERSION
TRANSLATED VERSION
Ladies and gentlemen,

I don\u2019t know whether you have ever heard the
abbreviation PVC before but in case you
haven\u2019t, it was _ a kind of plastic. You may not
have heard the abbreviation before and you
properly __ for a chemical name but I can
guarantee that you have been in constant
contact with the chemical surround your life.
That is because PVC is everywhere. It is in
modern window\u2019s frames, in pipes in your
bathroom, in the wallpaper that you have on
your walls, and even in the pitch ball that you
throw around on the pitch when you go on
holiday. It is also in the car _ in the _ room, in
airplane and cars. PVC is everywhere.

PVC is one of the world\u2019s most used plastic
and it is also one of the most criticized. It is
used a lot because it is very flexible and
endurable as well. But unfortunately, it is very
harmful to the environment both at the moment
that it is produced and at the moment it is
destroyed.

Despite the knowledge that PVC is harmful to
the environment, global production of this
sustain is increasing. It has been used more and
more now in the construction sector in
particular hotels and kinds of building. In fact,
there was stuff to bursting point with PVC. I\u2019ll
give you some figures to prove it. It estimated
that 13.6 billion tons of PVC has been
produced since he 1980s. When it was started,
PVC usually lasts between 30 to 40 years that
is life span.

Th\u01b0a qu\u00ed v\u1ecb,

T\u00f4i kh\u00f4ng bi\u1ebft li\u1ec7u tr\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111\u00e2y c\u00e1c b\u1ea1n \u0111\u00e3 t\u1eebng
nghe \u0111\u1ebfn ch\u1eef vi\u1ebft t\u1eaft PVC hay ch\u01b0a. Nh\u01b0ng
trong tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p b\u1ea1n ch\u01b0a t\u1eebng nghe, th\u00ec \u0111\u00f3
l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1i ch\u1ea5t d\u1ebbo. B\u1ea1n c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 ch\u01b0a t\u1eebng
nghe \u0111\u1ebfn c\u00e1i t\u00ean vi\u1ebft t\u1eaft n\u00e0y tr\u01b0\u1edbc kia v\u00e0 b\u1ea1n
c\u00f3 l\u1ebd s\u1ebd t\u01b0\u1edfng n\u00f3 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t c\u00e1i t\u00ean h\u00f3a h\u1ecdc nh\u01b0ng
t\u00f4i c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o r\u1eb1ng b\u1ea1n li\u00ean t\u1ee5c ti\u1ebfp x\u00fac
v\u1edbi lo\u1ea1i ch\u1ea5t h\u00f3a h\u1ecdc n\u00e0y trong \u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng c\u1ee7a
m\u00ecnh. \u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0 v\u00ec PVC c\u00f3 \u1edf kh\u1eafp m\u1ecdi n\u01a1i. N\u00f3 \u1edf
trong khung c\u1eeda s\u1ed5 ki\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ea1i, trong \u1ed1ng
n\u01b0\u1edbc ph\u00f2ng t\u1eafm, trong gi\u1ea5y d\u00e1n t\u01b0\u1eddng tr\u00ean
t\u01b0\u1eddng ph\u00f2ng b\u1ea1n v\u00e0 th\u1eadm ch\u00ed l\u00e0 \u1edf trong qu\u1ea3
b\u00f3ng m\u00e0 b\u1ea1n v\u1eabn n\u00e9m quanh b\u00e3i bi\u1ec3n trong k\u00ec
ngh\u1ec9. N\u00f3 c\u0169ng c\u00f3 \u1edf trong \u00f4 t\u00f4 hay m\u00e1y bay.
PVC c\u00f3 \u1edf kh\u1eafp n\u01a1i.

PVC l\u00e0 ch\u1ea5t d\u1ebbo \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng nhi\u1ec1u nh\u1ea5t tr\u00ean th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi v\u00e0 c\u0169ng l\u00e0 ch\u1ea5t b\u1ecb ch\u1ec9 tr\u00edch nhi\u1ec1u nh\u1ea5t. N\u00f3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng nhi\u1ec1u v\u00ec t\u00ednh linh ho\u1ea1t v\u00e0 b\u1ec1n d\u1ebbo. Nh\u01b0ng kh\u00f4ng hay thay, n\u00f3 r\u1ea5t c\u00f3 h\u1ea1i cho m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng c\u1ea3 khi \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t v\u00e0 c\u1ea3 khi

ph\u00e2n h\u1ee7y.

B\u1ea5t ch\u1ea5p \u00fd th\u1ee9c r\u1eb1ng PVC c\u00f3 h\u1ea1i cho m\u00f4i
tr\u01b0\u1eddng, lo\u1ea1i ch\u1ea5t n\u00e0y v\u1eabn \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t ng\u00e0y
c\u00e0ng nhi\u1ec1u tr\u00ean to\u00e0n th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi. Ng\u00e0y nay, n\u00f3
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng nhi\u1ec1u trong c\u00e1c ng\u00e0nh x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng,
\u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 kh\u00e1ch s\u1ea1n v\u00e0 c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i nh\u00e0. Th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf,
c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t \u0111i\u1ec3m b\u1ea5t ng\u1edd v\u1ec1 PVC. T\u00f4i s\u1ebd cho b\u1ea1n
m\u1ed9t v\u00e0i con s\u1ed1 c\u1ee5 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ec3 minh ch\u1ee9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u n\u00e0y.
\u01af\u1edbc t\u00ednh r\u1eb1ng, 13,3 tri\u1ec7u t\u1ea5n PVC \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ea3n
xu\u1ea5t t\u1eeb nh\u1eefng n\u0103m 80 \u0111\u1ebfn nay. Khi \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c b\u1eaft
\u0111\u1ea7u \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t, PVC c\u00f3 tu\u1ed5i th\u1ecd kho\u1ea3ng
30-40 n\u0103m.

In the USA alone, there are 370 million tons of
PVC wasted \u2013 an absolutely staggering figure.
Every time that a computer is disposed off,
every time some gets a new car first or changes
their windows, they ask the huge _ of PVC
rubbish that already exists. The huge problem
is that none_ of how to get rid of PVC.

Well, we look at the usual streams of waste
where should be disposed properly. That\u2019s a
question. First of all, that is recycling waste
stream. Can it be recycled PVC? Well, in fact,
in order to make PVC, very flexible, need
additives to put into the products. These
additives are for instant chloride and cadmium
to chemicals and there are very toxic sustains -
it makes the PVC supple.

When it comes to recycling PVC which is a
plastic, these additives have to be removed__
before it can be recycled. And it can not simply
be recycled that all upper plastics have to be
dealt with separately. So, it costs a lot to
recycle PVC and it\u2019s also difficult to dispose of
this harmful additive indeed. Ok, that\u2019s
recycling.

Another method of dealing with waste in
generation. Well, what happens when PVC is
burnt? In fact, like all plastics, PVC gives off a
lot of energy when it burnt. So, it\u2019s a good
method of energy production to incinerate.
First, burning PVC releases toxic gases which
go into the air. Have you see in generator, there
is a big, plum of smoke coming out of the
chimney and that is poisonous. So, in
generational there is not an optional either????

The other method of waste disposal is land fill: digging a big hole in the ground, putting all of the rubbish in and covering at all. Well, that is no good idea for PVC because once again the

Ch\u1ec9 t\u00ednh ri\u00eang \u1edf M\u1ef9, c\u00f3 370 tri\u1ec7u t\u1ea5n r\u00e1c th\u1ea3i
PVC \u2013 m\u1ed9t con s\u1ed1 \u0111\u00e1ng ng\u1ea1c nhi\u00ean. M\u1ed7i khi ai
\u0111\u00f3 mua m\u1ed9t c\u00e1i m\u00e1y t\u00ednh, m\u1ed7i khi c\u00f3 ng\u01b0\u1eddi
mua \u00f4 t\u00f4 m\u1edbi hay thay m\u1edbi c\u1eeda s\u1ed5, h\u1ecd \u0111\u1ec1u s\u1eed
d\u1ee5ng m\u1ed9t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng l\u1edbn PVC.V\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 l\u1edbn \u1edf \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0
kh\u00f4ng ai t\u00ecm ra c\u00e1ch t\u1eeb b\u1ecf s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng PVC.

Uhm, ch\u00fang ta nh\u00ecn v\u00e0o d\u00f2ng ph\u1ebf li\u1ec7u ch\u1ee9a
PVC b\u1ecb th\u1ea3i \u0111i. \u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t c\u00e2u h\u1ecfi. Tr\u01b0\u1edbc nh\u1ea5t,
\u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 t\u00e1i ch\u1ebf r\u00e1c. PVC c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00e1i ch\u1ebf
kh\u00f4ng?Th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf, \u0111\u1ec3 l\u00e0m PVC ph\u1ea3i r\u1ea5t linh ho\u1ea1t
v\u00e0 c\u1ea7n c\u00f3 c\u00e1c ch\u1ea5t ph\u1ee5 gia \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0a v\u00e0o s\u1ea3n
ph\u1ea9m. Nh\u1eefng ch\u1ea5t ph\u1ee5 gia n\u00e0y l\u00e0 Clorua v\u00e0
Catmi \u2013 c\u00f3 ch\u1ee9a r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u ch\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ed9c h\u1ea1i gi\u00fap
PVC \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1ec1m d\u1ebbo.

\u0110\u1ec3 b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u t\u00e1i ch\u1ebf \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u1ea5t d\u1ebbo PVC, nh\u1eefng
ch\u1ea5t ph\u1ee5 gia h\u00f3a h\u1ecdc n\u00e0y ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00e1ch b\u1ecf
tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00e1i ch\u1ebf. V\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 t\u00e1i
ch\u1ebf t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 v\u00ec t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i ch\u1ea5t d\u1ebbo tr\u00ean \u0111\u1ec1u
ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00e1ch b\u1ecf ri\u00eang bi\u1ec7t. V\u00ec th\u1ebf, r\u1ea5t kh\u00f3
kh\u0103n \u0111\u1ec3 t\u00e1i ch\u1ebf \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c PVC c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 gi\u1ea3m thi\u1ec3u
ch\u1ea5t ph\u1ee5 gia \u0111\u1ed9c h\u1ea1i trong \u0111\u00f3.

\u0110\u01b0\u1ee3c r\u1ed3i, \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 v\u1ec1 vi\u1ec7c t\u00e1i ch\u1ebf!

M\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch kh\u00e1c \u0111\u1ec3 gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 r\u00e1c th\u1ea3i.
Uhm, \u0111i\u1ec1u g\u00ec x\u1ea3y ra khi PVC b\u1ecb \u0111\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y. Th\u1ef1c
ra, gi\u1ed1ng c\u00e1c lo\u1ea1i ch\u1ea5t d\u1ebbo kh\u00e1c, PVC khi b\u1ecb
\u0111\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y s\u1ea3n sinh ra r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u n\u0103ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng. V\u00ec
th\u1ebf, c\u00e1ch t\u1ed1t \u0111\u1ec3 s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t n\u0103ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed1t
PVC. Tuy nhi\u00ean, \u0111\u1ed1t PVC th\u1ea3i ra kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed
nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i kh\u00ed \u0111\u1ed9c h\u1ea1i. B\u1ea1n \u0111\u00e3 bao gi\u1edd nh\u00ecn
v\u00e0o c\u00e1c l\u00f2 \u0111\u1ed1t ch\u01b0a, c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t c\u1ed9t kh\u00f3i l\u1edbn bay ra
t\u1eeb \u1ed1ng kh\u00f3i, n\u00f3 r\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ed9c h\u1ea1i. Nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf, ch\u1eb3ng l\u1ebd
kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 l\u1ef1a ch\u1ecdn n\u00e0o kh\u00e1c sao?

M\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch kh\u00e1c \u0111\u1ec3 x\u1eed l\u00ed r\u00e1c th\u1ea3i l\u00e0 chon d\u01b0\u1edbi
\u0111\u1ea5t b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch \u0111\u00e0o m\u1ed9t c\u00e1i h\u1ed1 l\u1edbn trong long
\u0111\u1ea5y, \u0111\u1ed5 h\u1ebft r\u00e1c th\u1ea3i v\u00e0o \u0111\u1ea5y v\u00e0 l\u1ea5p k\u00edn l\u1ea1i. \u1ed2i,
nh\u01b0ng \u0111\u00f3 c\u0169ng ch\u1eb3ng ph\u1ea3i c\u00e1ch hay \u0111\u1ec3 x\u1eed l\u00ed
PVC v\u00ec m\u1ed9t khi c\u00f3 ch\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ed9c \u1edf trong nh\u1ef1a, n\u00f3 s\u1ebd

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