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Database and Information Systems Group
Department of Computer Science
University of California, Davis
This Oracle/SQL tutorial provides a detailed introduction to the SQL query language and the Oracle Relational Database Management System. Further information about Oracle and SQL can be found on the web sitewww.db.cs.ucdavis.edu/dbs.
urker and Michael Gertz: Semantic Integrity Support in SQL:1999 and Commercial (Object-)Relational Database Management Systems. The VLDB Journal, Volume 10, Number 4, 241-269.
A table is uniquely identi\ufb01ed by its name and consists ofrows that contain the stored informa- tion, each row containing exactly onetuple (orrecord ). A table can have one or more columns. Acolumn is made up of a column name and a data type, and it describes an attribute of the tuples. The structure of a table, also calledrelation schema, thus is de\ufb01ned by its attributes. The type of information to be stored in a table is de\ufb01ned by the data types of the attributes at table creation time.
A table can have up to 254 columns which may have di\ufb00erent or same data types and sets of values (domains), respectively. Possible domains are alphanumeric data (strings), numbers and date formats.Oracle o\ufb00ers the following basic data types:
Note that, e.g.,number(5,2) cannot contain anything larger than 999.99 without result- ing in an error. Data types derived fromnumber areint[eger],dec[imal],smallint andreal.
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