COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING (Handout)
Community Health Nursing:SAFE AND QUALITY CARE, HEALTH EDUCATION, AND COMMUNICATION,COLLABORATION AND TEAMWORK The 3 Broad Concepts
1. What is a
a group of people with common characteristics or interests living togetherwithin a territory or geographical boundary
place where people under usual conditions are found
The community is the object or focus of care in CHN, with the family as theunit of service.
LEVELS of CLIENTELE
: Individual, Family, Population Group, and Community
FOCUS in CHN: Health Promotion and Disease PreventionFACTS of CHNF
ocus: promotion and preservation of health
rea of Content: skills and knowledge relevant to both nursing and public health
lients: general populations (individuals, families, communities)
ime: continual, not limited to episodic care
cope: comprehensive and general, not limited to a particular age or diagnostic group
Concepts on Community Health Nursing:
Community as a CLIENT
Composed of different levels of clientele: Individual, family, population group,and community
Community as a SETTING for CHN PRACTICE
School Health Nursing- School
Occupational Health Nursing- Workplace
Public Health Nursing-Home2. What Is
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely theabsence of disease and infirmity (WHO, 1995).
Health Illness ContinuumWhat influences OLOF?B
ehavioral (culture, habits, mores, ethnic customs)
ocio-economic (employment, education, housing)
olitical (safety, oppression, people, empowerment)
ereditary (genetic endowment, familial, racial)
ealth Care Delivery System (promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative)
nvironment (air, food, water, wastes, noise, radiation, pollution, congestion)
3. What is
The diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential healthproblems (ANA, 1980).
Nursing, together with public health, is one of the helping professions in the healthcare system which operates at three levels of clientele – individuals, families orgroups, and communities
It operates within the realm of health care both independently and interdependently.
The objective of nursing is to assist clients to achieve, maintain, or recover a highlevel of functioning.
Assisting sick individuals to become healthy and healthy individuals achieve optimumwellness
COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSINGFOCUS
: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention