EDUCATIONAL NURSING PERIOD(18
Century – 20
- Florence Nightingale established a nursing school in St. Thomas Hospital in London which adopted the
.- Made Florence Nightingale the
mother of modern nursing
Philosophy of Nightingale System
1. Government funds should be allotted to nursing education.- earned her the title of being the
first nurse political activist
.2. Training schools of nursing should be in close affiliation.3. Professional nurses should train nurses.4. Nursing students should be provided with residence near their training hospitals.- written orders of doctors insisted.- nurses should go with doctors during rounds.
- Specialization in medicine.- Conceptualization of the role of clinical nurse specialist.- Increase clinical content of education (1900’s).
- Globalization of nursing.- Period after world war II.- Borderless nursing or transcultural nursing.- Professionalization of nursing.
– a special calling that requires special, skills, knowledge and attitudes.
7 CRITICAL ATTRIBUTES OF PROFESSION
ode of ethics3.
esearch of orientation4.
ody of knowledge6.
– process where a person learns the ways and means or skills, knowledge, attitudes of thegroup to which he belongs to.
BENNER LEVEL OF PROFICIENCY
– student nurse entering a clinical setting where he has no experience at all.2.
– nurse who demonstrates a marginally acceptable performance: depends on rules and maxims.3.
– 2 – 3 years experience demonstrates organizational ability but lacks speed and flexibility of aproficient nurse.4.
– concerned with long term goals, performance is fluid and flexible compared to competent nurse- has a wholistic view of the client.5.
– no longer relies on maxims, performance is highly proficient, fluid flexible and has a wholistic view.- has high perceptual acuity or a clinical eye.
DIMENSIONS OF NURSING
1. Nursing Practice2. Nursing Education3. Nursing Research
FOCUS OF NURSING
1. Health Promotion – improve clients well being.2. Health Maintenance3. Health Instauration – help clients with illness to recover.4. Care of the Dying – clients with cancer.
– patterns of behavior expected of person assuming a status/position in society or a group.
– specific activities required of a person.