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Israel, A Country Study

Israel, A Country Study

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Published by: api-3799667 on Oct 17, 2008
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03/18/2014

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israel, a country study
federal research division
library of congress
edited by
helen chapin metz
research completed december 1988
***************************
*table of contents

* foreword
* acknowledgments
* preface

* country profile
geography
society
economy
transportation and communications
government and politics
national security

* introduction

* chapter 1. historical setting
**anacient israel
**hellenism and the roman conquest
**palestine between the romans and modern times

**origins of zionism
zionist precursors
political zionism
cultural zionism
labor zionism
revisionist zionism

**events in palestine, 1908-48
arab nationalism
world war i: diplomacy and intrigue
the arab community during the mandate
the jewish community under the mandate
the palestinian revolt, 1936-39
world war ii and zionism
the holocaust
prelude to statehood

**problems of the new state, 1948-67
etatism
ingathering of the exiles
israeli arabs, arab land, and arab refugees
the emergence of the idf

**1967 and afterward
the war of attrition
the october 1973 war
the decline of the labor party
oriental jews

**the begin era
the peace process
the occupied territories
israeli action in lebanon, 1978-82
* chapter 2. the society and its environment

**geography
topography
climate

**population

**social structure
varieties of israeli judaism
orthodox judaism
non-orthodox judaism
the role of judaism
judaism, civil religion, and the "new zionism"
religious institutions
the "who is a jew?" controversy
the orthodox-secular cleavage
jewish ethnic groups
the ashkenazi-oriental distinction
the second israel
ethnicity and social class
minority groups
the druzes
the arab-jewish cleavage
distinctive social institutions
the histadrut
kibbutz and moshav
the ulpan and merkaz klita

**education
higher education
youth movements and organizations

**health
**welfare
* chapter 3. the economy
**overview of the 1948-72 period

**economic growth and structural change
slowdown of economic growth
changes in investment patterns
changes in industrial structure
changes in labor force

**the public sector
government budget
provision of civilian services
provision of defense services
taxation

**industry
electronics
biotechnology
diamonds
chemicals, rubber, and plastics
clothing and textiles
construction
tourism
energy

**agriculture
**financial services
**transportation and communications

**foreign trade
**balance of payments
**the economic stabilization program of july 1985

* chapter 4. government and politics
**the constitutional framework
**government

the president
the cabinet
the civil service

the knesset
the state comptroller
the judicial system
local government
civilian administration in the west bank and the gaza strip

**national institutions
world zionist organization and the jewish agency
histadrut

**political framework: elite, values, and orientations

**multiparty system
alignment parties
labor party
mapam
citizens' rights movement (crm)
shinui (change)
the likud bloc
religious parties

national religious party
agudat israel
shas
central religious camp
right-wing ultranationalist parties
extraparliamentary religio-nationalist movements
arab parties
interest groups

**prospects for electoral reform
**civil-miltary relations

**foreign relations
relations with middle eastern states
egypt
jordan
morocco
iran
relations with the united states
relations with the soviet union
relations with eastern europe
relations with western europe
relations with african states
relations with asian states
relations with latin america

**communications media
* chapter 5. national security

**security: a persistent national concern
historical background
war of independence
1956 war
june 1967 war

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