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Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST),
PO Box 131, Cheongryang, Seoul 130-650
Phone number: 82-10-2296-3748
examined. The plasma device consisted of two or four triangles stainless steel plates. The gas enters through a nozzle tube from the upper part of cylinder reactor and exits at the bottom part of the reactor. Some additional gases, such as N2, O2, air, and H2O, have been used to study the dilution effects on CO2 conversion. A simple kinetic reaction model was made to investigate the pathways of plasma reaction. Experiment results indicate that the conversion of pure CO2 reaches 18% at the total gas flow rate of 0.85 L/min and produces CO and O2 as the final products. The effects of additional gases injection will be described detail in this paper.
The conversion of priceless material, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), into valuable gases is still becoming a challenge now (Woolf, 2004; Yamaji, 1997). CO2 is a well- known material as main source of green house gas that contributes and responsible on the climate change (Shah and Singh, 1998; US EPA, 2002). Concerning this situation, Kyoto protocol obligates industrialized countries to cut their greenhouse gases emission by an average 5.2% between 2008 and 2012. Nowadays, around 2\u00d7 1015 g per annum of CO2 has been released to the atmosphere from many sources. This situation gives a clear description for the need of finding effective methods to reduce CO2 emission.
Industrial sector has been suspected as the main contributor on emitting numerous amount of CO2 to the ambient air (Kiani et al., 2004; Yabe, 2004). However, the main problem to reduce the concentration of CO2 from industrial gas waste is the strong chemical bond of CO2. Based on thermodynamic calculation, the chemical structure of CO2 starts broken at 1500oC and it will be completely broken at temperature >5000oC. It means that large amount of energy has to be supplied to the system to achieve a required process temperature.
Some research studies related to the CO2 reaction have been reported scientifically. Ren et al. (2002) tried to convert CO2 into CO and O2 using combustion based power- generation cycle process. Another high thermal approach has been done also by using membrane-equipped glass furnace (Fan et al., 2003). More advance investigation was done by Clavenna and Schmidt (1972) which explains rigorously the CO decomposition on polychristalline W. Instead of breaking the C-O bond, some
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