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Quantum Mechanics Concepts and Application-Tarun Biswas

Quantum Mechanics Concepts and Application-Tarun Biswas

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05/09/2014

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Quantum Mechanics { Concepts and Applications
Tarun Biswas
October 3, 2003
Copyright
Copyrightc
\u00b01990, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999 by Tarun Biswas, Physics Department, State
University of New York at New Paltz, New Paltz, New York 12561.
Copyright Agreement

This online version of the book may be reproduced freely in small numbers (10 or less per individual) as long as it is done in its entirety including the title, the author's name and this copyright page. For larger numbers of copies one must obtain the author's written consent. Copies of this book maynot be sold for pro\u00aft.

i
Contents
1 Mathematical Preliminaries
1
1.1 The state vectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1.2 The inner product. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
1.3 Linearoperators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
1.4 Eigenstates and eigenvalues. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
1.5 The Dirac delta function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2 The Laws (Postulates) of Quantum Mechanics
16

2.1 A lesson from classical mechanics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.2 The postulates of quantum mechanics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.3 Some history of the postulates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

3 Popular Representations
20
3.1 The position representation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.2 The momentum representation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4 Some Simple Examples
25
4.1 The Hamiltonian, conserved quantities and expectation value. . . . . . . . 25
4.2 Free particle in one dimension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
4.2.1 Momentum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
ii

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