Third AIMS International Conference on Management January 1-4,2006
An Analytical Study on Assessing Human Competencies Based on Tests
Krishnamurthy Prabhakar, KSR College of Technology
Testing Instruments are used to test Intelligence Quotient or personality tests to evaluate past-acquired competencies or future success in education or employment. A close examination and study of human cognition based on biological and anthropological evidence such as plasticity of brain we may haveto include more universal set of competencies than ordinarily been considered such as verbal,mathematical and logical competencies. This paper attempts to address issues relating to definition of intelligence, its components and application of study for educational testing and selection process.
: Plasticity of brain, Intelligence Quotient, tests, Multiple Intelligences, contextualization, pluralization, distribution
The educational and job opportunities in most of the countries in the world depend on one type of testing or other. Admission to best educational institutions is based on tests and for entry-level jobs in the bestorganizations is to achieve prized end states. They are supposed to test present competenciesand work as predictive tools for future performance. Do all these tests predict success of the candidate’s future performance? Most important question is whether results of the tests translate into everyday performance.The central question is whether mental competence is produced by special ability, applicable in manysettings, or whether competence is produced by specialized abilities. If that is the case how tests measurethese competencies. As a corollary, how tests measure individualcompetencies? If we examine differentcultures in different eras across time and space, we find some of the prized end-states such as hunter, priests, kings, warriors, artists, writers, athletes and military strategists; one question occurs to us, how didthey acquire the status? Is it through testing or by other means? If we have to include human cognition incontrast to psychometric approach, we may have to include a far wider and more universal set of competencies than that has been considered.Some of the questions that occur to us are,1.What is Intelligence?2.When did we start this methodology of testing?3.Do we have a timeline for the intelligence testing tradition?4.Do these tests test the potential of a human being to perform future tasks or tests what is alreadyknown?5.If the measure is defined, how are they measured?6.Is it tests focused on the tool than on what it is supposed to measure?7.What is the reliability, validity of these tests?8.Is there any relevance of latest findings in brain and its functions, which provide us better understanding of intelligence?9.Do we have a global brain theory that is suitable to any culture?This article is in no way try to provide right answers to these questions, as it is beyond the competence of the author. Issues are addressed for better understanding of human intelligence and testing mechanismadopted. If we observe the nature of these questions, depending on a single discipline may not lead us to better understanding. We may in hindsight likely to brush aside these questions by saying that they are notin the realm of human resources discipline and it is upto psychologists to provide answers. However,research of Howard Gardner, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and William Damon indicate that study of intelligence or multiple intelligences help us to understand and explain learning, thinking, leadership,innovation, ethics better from fundamental analysis of latest research in neurobiology and anthropology. Wewill start with historical influences in the development of intelligence theory and testing.1