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Lecture 9, Dental Cements I (Script)

Lecture 9, Dental Cements I (Script)

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Published by: JustDen09 on Oct 23, 2011
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Dental Cements
Dental Material II lecture # 9
Slide "2
It is a group of material that has many applications indentistry some of cements we talked about like GIC. Some of themare used to protect the pulp (such as Liners, bases or varnishes).Some of them are for cementing crowns or bridges (we call themluting agents) others can be also used as restorations temporary orpermanent like GIC and ZnO/ eugenol. Or we can use them assurgical dressing. If the patient had surgery in his gingiva, you needto place a dressing until healing occurs to prevent any irritation orpain for the patient like when you dress your wound with someantiseptic agents
Slide "3
They are summarized in a table. Each application, and thecements that can be used for that application
Slide "4
One of the uses of cements in dentistry is to protect thepulp. Irritation of the pulp can result from caries, chemicals inrestorative material, cavity preparation (because we use hand piecethat are rotating. this can generate heat which can damage the pulp)and thermal conductivity of metal restorations
This irritation can be transient or can be so sever (can lead topulpitis which is irreversible
Slide "5
A liner is placed when you are near thepulp usually in a very thin layer up to 0.5 mm.If you need more support or more isolationof the pulp, you can use a base which isapplied in a thicker layer up to 0.75 mm
Slide "6
Cavity varnishes are applied in thin layers (usually more thanone layer) that placed on the floor and walls of the cavity to sealdentinal tubules and minimize sensitivity and microleakage
This material is made from two components: resin and a solvent(alcoholic solvent
When you apply this liquid the alcoholic solvent will evaporate and alayer of resin will remain. This layer of resin will go into the dentinaltubules and will cover the floor and the walls and cause thisinsulation
Slide "7
When it is applied, it should be in a thin layer. We shouldallow it to dry. After few seconds we add another layer just to makesure that we cover all the walls and the floor
It will reduce staining, reduce microleakage and it will cause sealingof dentinal tubules
Slide "8
They are supplied in a bottle containing this liquid and usuallyit is called Copal Varnish because it is based on a resin called CopalResin. You apply it using a very small brush to the walls and floor ofthe cavity

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