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Trac Nghiem Dao Dong Co Hoc

Trac Nghiem Dao Dong Co Hoc

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Published by api-3800616

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Published by: api-3800616 on Oct 17, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2014

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C\u00e2u 1: Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh to\u1ea1 \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t \u0111i\u1ec3m M dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a c\u00f3 d\u1ea1ng x 6sin(10t )
\ue002
\ue001\ue007
(cm). Li \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee7a M khi pha dao \u0111\u1ed9ng b\u1eb1ng6
\ue007l\u00e0:
A. x = 30cm
B. x = 32cm
C. x = - 3cm
D. x = -30cm.
C\u00e2u 2: M\u1ed9t con l\u1eafc \u0111\u01a1n c\u00f3 chi\u1ec1 d\u00e0i
1
ldao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a v\u1edbi chu k\u1ef3
1
T 1,5s
\ue002
. M\u1ed9t con l\u1eafc \u0111\u01a1n
kh\u00e1c c\u00f3 chi\u1ec1u d\u00e0i
2
ldao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a v\u1edbi chu k\u1ef3 l\u00e0
2
T 2s
\ue002. T\u1ea1i n\u01a1i \u0111\u00f3, chu k\u1ef3 c\u1ee7a con l\u1eafc \u0111\u01a1n
c\u00f3 chi\u1ec1u d\u00e0i
1
2
\ue002 \ue000
ll l s\u1ebd dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a v\u1edbi chu k\u1ef3 l\u00e0 bao nhi\u00eau?
A. T = 3,5s
B. T = 2,5s
C. T = 0,5s
D. T = 0,925s
C\u00e2u 3: Ch\u1ecdn ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u \u0111\u00fang trong nh\u1eefng ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u sau:

A. Khi ch\u1ea5t \u0111i\u1ec3m qua v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng th\u00ec v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v\u00e0 gia t\u1ed1c c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1edbn c\u1ef1c \u0111\u1ea1i.
B. Khi ch\u1ea5t \u0111i\u1ec3m qua v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng th\u00ec v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c c\u1ef1c \u0111\u1ea1i v\u00e0 gia t\u1ed1c c\u1ef1c ti\u1ec3u.
C. Khi ch\u1ea5t \u0111i\u1ec3m \u0111\u1ebfn v\u1ecb tr\u00ed bi\u00ean th\u00ec v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c tri\u1ec7t ti\u00eau v\u00e0 gia t\u1ed1c c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1edbn c\u1ef1c \u0111\u1ea1i.
D. Khi ch\u1ea5t \u0111i\u1ec3m \u0111\u1ebfn v\u1ecb tr\u00ed bi\u00ean \u00e2m th\u00ec v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c v\u00e0 gia t\u1ed1c c\u00f3 tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1 \u00e2m.

C\u00e2u 4: Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t ch\u1ea5t \u0111i\u1ec3m M c\u00f3 d\u1ea1ng x Asin t
\ue002
\ue008(cm). G\u1ed1c th\u1eddi

gian \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u1ecdn v\u00e0o l\u00fac n\u00e0o?
A. V\u1eadt qua v\u1ecb tr\u00ed x = +A
B. V\u1eadt qua v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng theo chi\u1ec1u d\u01b0\u01a1ng.
C. V\u1eadt qua v\u1ecb tr\u00edx A

\ue002\ue001.
D. V\u1eadt qua v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng theo chi\u1ec1u \u00e2m.
C\u00e2u 5: M\u1ed9t v\u1eadt c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m treo v\u00e0o l\u00f2 xo c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee9ng k. K\u00edch th\u00edch cho v\u1eadt dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a
v\u1edbi bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 3cm th\u00ec chu k\u1ef3 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a n\u00f3 l\u00e0 T = 0,3s.N\u1ebfu k\u00edch th\u00edch cho n\u00f3 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a
v\u1edbi bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 6cm th\u00ec chu k\u1ef3 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a con l\u1eafc l\u00e0:
A. 0,3s
B. 0,15s
C. 0,6s
D. 0,423s
C\u00e2u 6: Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh t\u1ecda \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee7a 3 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a c\u00f3 d\u1ea1ng:
1
x 2sin t
\ue002
\ue008(cm);
2
x 3sin t2
\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue008 \ue001
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014(cm);
3
x
2cos t
\ue002
\ue008(cm). K\u1ebft lu\u1eadn n\u00e0y sau \u0111\u00e2y \u0111\u00fang?
A.
1
2
x ,xng\u01b0\u1ee3c pha.
B.
1
3
x ,xng\u01b0\u1ee3c pha.
C.
2
3
x ,xng\u01b0\u1ee3c pha.
D.
2
3
x ,xc\u00f9ng pha.
C\u00e2u 7: \u0110i\u1ec1u n\u00e0o sao \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 sai khi n\u00f3i v\u1ec1 n\u0103ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng trong dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a c\u1ee7a con l\u1eafc l\u00f2 xo?

A. C\u01a1 n\u0103ng c\u1ee7a con l\u1eafc l\u00f2 xo t\u1ec9 l\u1ec7 v\u1edbi b\u00ecnh ph\u01b0\u01a1ng bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng.
B. C\u00f3 s\u1ef1 chuy\u1ec3n h\u00f3a qua l\u1ea1i gi\u1eefa \u0111\u1ed9ng n\u0103ng v\u00e0 th\u1ebf n\u0103ng, nh\u01b0ng c\u01a1 n\u0103ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c b\u1ea3o to\u00e0n.
C. C\u01a1 n\u0103ng con l\u1eafc l\u00f2 xo t\u1ec9 l\u1ec7 v\u1edbi \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee9ng c\u1ee7a l\u00f2 xo.
D. C\u01a1 n\u0103ng con l\u1eafc l\u00f2 xo bi\u00ean thi\u00ean theo quy lu\u1eadt d\u1ea1ng sin v\u1edbi t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 b\u1eb1ng t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a dao \u0111\u1ed9ng

\u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a.
C\u00e2u 8: Cho dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a c\u00f3 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh t\u1ecda \u0111\u1ed9: x 3cos t
\ue002
\ue008(cm). vect\u01a1 Fresnel bi\u1ec3u di\u1ec5n
dao \u0111\u1ed9ng tr\u00ean c\u00f3 g\u00f3c h\u1ee3p v\u1edbi tr\u1ee5c g\u1ed1c Ox \u1edf th\u1eddi \u0111i\u1ec3m ban \u0111\u1ea7u l\u00e0.
A. 0 rad.
B.6
\ue007rad
C.2
\ue007rad
D.2
\ue007
\ue001rad
C\u00e2u 9: M\u1ed9t con l\u1eafc l\u00f2 xo treo th\u1eb3ng \u0111\u1ee9ng g\u1ed3m 1 qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea7u kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m g\u1eafn v\u00e0o l\u00f2 xo c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee9ng k.
\u0110\u1ea7u c\u00f2n l\u1ea1i c\u1ee7a l\u00f2 xo g\u1eafn v\u00e0o m\u1ed9t \u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ecbnh. Khi v\u1eadt \u0111\u1ee9ng y\u00ean, l\u00f2 xo d\u00e3n 10cm. T\u1ea1i VTCB,
ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta truy\u1ec1n cho qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea7u m\u1ed9t v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ea7u
o
v 60cm/s
\ue002
h\u01b0\u1edbng xu\u1ed1ng. L\u1ea5y
2
g 10m/s
\ue002
. Bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9
dao \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea7u c\u00f3 tr\u1ecb s\u1ed1:
A. 6cm
B. 0,3cm
C. 0,6cm.
D. 0,5cm.
C\u00e2u 10: M\u1ed9t con l\u1eafc l\u00f2 xo treo th\u1eb3ng \u0111\u1ee9ng g\u1ed3m m\u1ed9t qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea7u c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m = 0,4kg g\u1eafn v\u00e0o l\u00f2
xo c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee9ng k.\u0110\u1ea7u c\u00f2n l\u1ea1i c\u1ee7a l\u00f2 xo g\u1eafn v\u00e0o m\u1ed9t \u0111i\u1ec3m c\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ecbnh. Khi v\u1eadt \u0111\u1ee9ng y\u00ean, l\u00f2 xo d\u00e3n
10cm. T\u1ea1i v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng, ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta truy\u1ec1n cho qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea7u m\u1ed9t v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c
o
v 60cm/s
\ue002
h\u01b0\u1edbng xu\u1ed1ng.
L\u1ea5y
2
g 10m/s
\ue002
. T\u1ecda \u0111\u1ed9 qu\u1ea3 c\u1ea7u khi \u0111\u1ed9ng n\u0103ng b\u1eb1ng th\u1ebf n\u0103ng l\u00e0:
A. 0,424m
B.4, 24
\ue009
cm
C. \u2013 0,42m
D.\ue009 0,42m
C\u00e2u 11: N\u0103ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t con l\u1eafc \u0111\u01a1n dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a:

A. T\u0103ng 9 l\u1ea7n khi bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 t\u0103ng 3 l\u1ea7n.
B. Gi\u1ea3m 8 l\u1ea7n khi bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 gi\u1ea3m 2 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 t\u0103ng 2 l\u1ea7n.
C. Gi\u1ea3m 16 l\u1ea7n khi t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 t\u0103ng 3 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 gi\u1ea3m 9 l\u1ea7n.

D. Gi\u1ea3m25
9l\u1ea7n khi t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng t\u0103ng 5 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng gi\u1ea3m 3 l\u1ea7n.
C\u00e2u 12:M\u1ed9t v\u1eadt c\u00f3 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m = 1kg dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a v\u1edbi chu k\u1ef3 T = 2s. V\u1eadt qua v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00e2n
b\u1eb1ng v\u1edbi v\u1eadn t\u1ed1c
o
v 31,4m/s
\ue002
. Khi t = 0, v\u1eadt qua v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00f3 li \u0111\u1ed9 x = 5cm ng\u01b0\u1ee3c chi\u1ec1u d\u01b0\u01a1ng qu\u1ef9
\u0111\u1ea1o. L\u1ea5y g =
2
2
10m / s
\ue007 \ue002
. Ph\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a c\u1ee7a v\u1eadt l\u00e0:
A.
5
x 10sin t
cm
6\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue001
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014
B.x 10sin t
cm
6
\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue001
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014
C.x 10sin t
cm
6
\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue000
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014
D.
5
x 10sin t
cm
6\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue000
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014
C\u00e2u 13: M\u1ed9t \u0111\u1ed3ng h\u1ed3 qu\u1ea3 l\u1eafc ch\u1ea1y \u0111\u00fang gi\u1edd t\u1ea1i m\u1eb7t \u0111\u1ea5t. \u0110\u01b0a \u0111\u1ed3ng h\u1ed3 l\u00ean cao h = 0,64km. Coi
nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 hai n\u01a1i n\u00e0y b\u1eb1ng nhau v\u00e0 l\u1ea5y b\u00e1n k\u00ednh tr\u00e1i \u0111\u1ea5t l\u00e0 R = 6400km. Sau 1 ng\u00e0y, \u0111\u1ed3ng h\u1ed3 ch\u1ea1y:

A. Nhanh 8,64s B. Nhanh 4,32s C. Ch\u1eadm 8,64s

D. Ch\u1eadm 4,32s
C\u00e2u 14: M\u1ed9t v\u1eadt th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi 2 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a, c\u00f9ng ph\u01b0\u01a1ng, c\u00f9ng t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 c\u00f3 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng
tr\u00ecnh:
1
x 3sin 4 t3
\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue001
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014cm;
2
x 3sin4 t
\ue002
\ue007(cm). Dao \u0111\u1ed9ng t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p c\u1ee7a v\u1eadt c\u00f3 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh:
A.x 3 2sin 4 t3
\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue000
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014cm
B.x 3sin 4 t6
\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue000
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014cm
C.x 3 3sin 4 t6
\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue000
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014cm
D.x 3 2sin 4 t6
\ue007
\ue00c
\ue013
\ue002
\ue007 \ue001
\ue00d
\ue00a
\ue00e
\ue014cm
C\u00e2u 15: Ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 sai?
A. \u0110\u1ed9ng t\u1eaft d\u1ea7n l\u00e0 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u00f3 bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 gi\u1ea3m d\u1ea7n theo th\u1eddi gian.
B. Dao \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u01b0\u1ee1ng b\u1ee9c l\u00e0 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng ch\u1ecbu t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t ngo\u1ea1i l\u1ef1c bi\u1ebfn thi\u00ean tu\u1ea7n ho\u00e0n.
C. Khi c\u1ed9ng h\u01b0\u1edfng dao \u0111\u1ed9ng x\u1ea3y ra, t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u01b0\u1ee1ng b\u1ee9cc\u1ee7a h\u1ec7 b\u1eb1ng t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 ri\u00ean c\u1ee7a h\u1ec7
dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111\u00f3.
D. T\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a dao \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u01b0\u1ee1ng b\u1ee9c lu\u00f4n b\u1eb1ng t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 ri\u00eang c\u1ee7a h\u1ec7 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng.
C\u00e2u 16: L\u1ef1c t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng g\u00e2y ra dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t v\u1eadt lu\u00f4n......

M\u1ec7nh \u0111\u1ec1 n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y kh\u00f4ng ph\u00f9 h\u1ee3p \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111i\u1ec1n v\u00e0o ch\u1ed7 tr\u1ed1ng tr\u00ean?
A. Bi\u1ebfn thi\u00ean \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a theo th\u1eddi gian.
B. H\u01b0\u1edbng v\u1ec1 v\u1ecb tr\u00ed c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng.
C. C\u00f3 bi\u1ec3u th\u1ee9c F = - kx
D. C\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1edbn kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u1ed5i theo th\u1eddi gian.

C\u00e2u 17: N\u0103ng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t con l\u1eafc l\u00f2 xo dao \u0111\u1ed9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u h\u00f2a

A. T\u0103ng 16 l\u1ea7n khi bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 t\u0103ng 2 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 chu k\u1ef3 gi\u1ea3m 2 l\u1ea7n.
B. Gi\u1ea3m 4 l\u1ea7n khi bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 gi\u1ea3m 2 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u0103ng 2 l\u1ea7n.
C. Gi\u1ea3m 9 l\u1ea7n khi t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 t\u0103ng 3 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 gi\u1ea3m 2 l\u1ea7n.
D. Gi\u1ea3m 25/4 l\u1ea7n khi t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng t\u0103ng 5 l\u1ea7n v\u00e0 bi\u00ean \u0111\u1ed9 dao \u0111\u1ed9ng gi\u1ea3m 2 l\u1ea7n.

C\u00e2u 18: M\u1ed9t con l\u1eafc l\u00f2 xo g\u1ed3m v\u1eadt n\u1eb7ng kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng m = 0,1kg, l\u00f2 xo c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ed9 c\u1ee9ng k = 40N/m. Khi
thay m b\u1eb1ng m\u2019 = 0,16kg th\u00ec chu k\u1ef3 c\u1ee7a con l\u1eafc t\u0103ng
A. 0,0038s
B. 0,083s

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