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The King of Saints

The King of Saints

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Published by: api-3799140 on Oct 17, 2008
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THE KING OF SAINTS
 
AL-GHAWTH AL-A’ZAM SULTAAN AL-AWLIYA SAYYIDUNA SHAIKH MUHYI’D-DIN
 
ABD AL-QAADIR AL-JILANI
AL-HASANI AL-HUSAINI R.A.
 
by Maulana Mohammed Afthab Cassim Razvi 
CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
HIS GENEALOGYHIS FAMILY HISTORY OF HIS BIRTH
 RELATING TO HIS BIRTH EARLY CHILDHOOD COMPLETION OF EDUCATIONSTRIVING AND ENDURANCE THE COURT OF HIS PIR-O-MURSHID THEMUSLIMS OF BAGHDAD HIS KARAMAAT (MIRACLES) HIS WIVES ANDCHILDREN HIS ENLIGHTENING LECTURES INCIDENTS RELATING TO HISDEMISE GENEALOGY
 
HIS NAME:
His name was Abd al-Qaadir. His title was “Abu Muhammad” (father of Muhammad) s.a.w.s. He is famously known as Muhyi’d-Din, al-Ghawth al-A’zam,Sultan al-Awliya, Ghaus-e-Paak,etc. He was a descendant of the Holy ProphetMuhammad s.a.w.s. from both his mother’s (al-Husaini) and father’s side (al-Hasani).(Imam Hasan and Imam Husain r.a. being the grandsons of the Holy Prophet Muhammad – s.a.w.s. ). Sayyid Abu Saleh Moosa r.a. was his father and Sayyidah Ummul Khair Faatima r.a. was his mother.
PLACE OF BIRTH:
According to authentic narrations, Sayyiduna al-Ghawth al-A’zamShaikh Abd al-Qaadir al-Jilani r.a. was born in a place called Neef, which is situated inGilan (Persia). According to Imam Yaaqoot Hamwi r.a., Shaikh Abd al-Qaadir al-Jilanir.a. was born in a place called Bashteer. Most historians agree that Neef and Bashteer were differrent names for the same place. Since he was born in Gilan, al-Ghawth al-A’zam Shaikh Abd al-Qaadir r.a. is known as al-Jilani. Concerning his birth, al-Ghawthal-A’zam r.a. personally states the following in his “Qasida-e-Ghausia”: “I am a citizenof Jeel and my name is Muhyi’d-Din and the flag of my exaltedness is planted firm onmountains.”
HIS FAMILY TREE:
His family tree reaches the Caliph, Sayyiduna Ali al-Murtadhar.a. from his father through fourteen generations and through his mother by twelvegenerations. Shaikh Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman Jaami r.a. said the following concerningthe geneology of al-Ghawth al-A’zam r.a. : “He is an exalted King, who is known as al-Ghwath al-A’zam. He is Sayyid from both his parents. Hasani from his father andHusaini from his mother.” His family tree is as follows: SAYYIDUNARASOOLULLAH, s.a.w.s.
A. SAYYIDATUN NISA FATHIMATU ZAHRA
B. SAYYIDUNA ALI-E-MURTAZA r.a.
A1. SHAHEED-E-KARBALA IMAM HUSAIN r.a.
B1. SAYYIDUNA IMAM HASSANA2. SAYYIDUNA IMAM ZAINUL ABEDEEN r.a.
B2. SAYYID HASSAN MATHNIA3. IMAM MUHAMMAD BAAQIR r.a.
B3. SAYYID ABDUL MAHDHA4. SAYYIDUNA IMAM JAAFAR SAADIQ r.a.
B4. SAYYID MOOSA AL JAWNA5. SAYYIDUNA IMAM MOOSA KAAZIM r.a.
A5. SAYYID ABDULLAH THAANIA6. SAYYIDUNA SHAIKH ALI RAZA r.a.
B6. SAYYID MOOSA THAANIA7. SAYYID ABOO ALA’UDDEEN r.a.
B7. SAYYID DAWOODA8. SAYYID KAMAALUD’DEEN ESA r.a.
B8. SAYYID MUHAMMADA9. SAYYID ABUL ATAA ABDULLAH r.a.
 
B9. SAYYID YAHYA AZ ZAAHIDA10. SHAIKH SAYYID MAHMOOD r.a.
B10. SAYYID ABI ABDILLAI
A11. SAYYID MUHAMMAD
B11. SAYYID ABU SAMEH MOOSA (father)
SAYYID ABOO JAMAAL
SAYYID ABDULLAH SOOM’EE
SAYYIDAH UMMUL KHAIR FAATIMA (Mother)
SAYYIDUNA MUHIYYUD’DEEN ABU MUHAMMAD ABDUL QAADIR JILANI
ILLUSTRIOUS FAMILY HISTORYSAYYIDI ABDULLAH SOOM’EE
:
 
He was the maternal grandfather of al-Ghawth al-A’zam Shaikh Abd al-Qaadir al-Jilani r.a. He was a very patient, humble, kind andsincere person. His home served as a place of refuge for the poor, needy and theorphaned. He was amongst the grand Mashaa’ikh of Jilan. He was known as a great“Sahib-e-Karamah”, meaning that he performed many miracles that were seen bythousands of people; from amongst whom many became his disciples by joining hisspiritual order. Once, a few of his disciples (
mureeds
) were on a business expedition toSamarkand. Bandits stopped them. They immediately called out his name for assistance.Suddenly, they found him standing besides them saying, in a state of Jalaal, to the bandits: “Our Allah is Pure and free from defects. Bandits! Stay away (from mydisciples).” When the bandits heard these words, they dispersed leaving the Mureeds safeand unharmed. When the mureeds searched for Sayyidi Abdullah Soom’ee r.a. after thisincident, he was nowhere to be seen. When they disciples returned to Jilan, they informedthe people there of this incident only to be told that the great Saint (Wali) of Allah hadnot been seen to leave the city of Jilan during that particular time period!
SAYYIDAH AISHA ZAAHIDA r.a. :
She was the paternal aunt of al-Ghawth al-A’zam Shaikh Abd al-Qaadir al-Jilani r.a. She was a very kind and pious woman. Her entire life was spent in the remembrance of Almighty Allah. The people of Jilan werevery familiar with her piety and her sincerity in Ibadah. They used to always go to her intimes of need and hardship and request her to make Du’a. Once, there was a very lengthydrought in Jilan, which resulted in a severe shortage of food and water. The people of Jilan prayed to Almighty Allah for rain, but to no avail. Finally, they turned to SayyidahAisha Zaahida r.a. and requested her to pray for rain. After listening to their request shewent into the courtyard of her humble home and began to sweep the dust into one corner.When she was finished sweeping, she said with great sincerity: “O’Allah! My job was tosweep up the dust. All that is left now is for You to do is the sprinkling.” She justcompleted saying these words, when dark clouds began to gather and it began to rain,thus breaking the lenghty drought in Jilan. She lived in the city of Jilan until her demise.May Allah shower His Mercy upon her.
SAYYIDI ABU SAALEH SAYYYIDAH UMMUL KHAIR FAATIMA r.a.
: Theywere the blessed parents of Al-Ghawth al-A’zam Shaikh Abd al-Qaadir al-Jilani r.a.

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