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IbnKathir10

IbnKathir10

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03/18/2014

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www.islambasics.com
Important Guidelines About the Authenticity of the Reports and
Quotations in the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir
Reports from the Companions of the Messenger of Allah

Reports that are attributed to the companions of Allah's Messenger are commonly used for additional explanation of the meanings of the Qur'an. As for those quotes that Ibn Kathir mentions in passing, these quotes may, or may not be authentically attributed to them. Wherever it is mentioned that one of them said something, and that statement contradicts other clearly authentic texts, then such statements can not be held as an evidence against what is known to be authentic. Additional information in this regard is found in the Introduction of Ibn Kathir.

Incomplete Chains of Narration
The following is a list of common incomplete chains of narrations that AI-Hafiz Ibn Kathir often quotes.
\u2022
'Ali bin Abi Talhah (AI-Walibi) reported that Ibn 'Abbas said...
\u2022
('Atiyah) Al-'Awfi reported that Ibn 'Abbas said...
\u2022
Ad-Dahhak from Ibn 'Abbas.
\u2022
As-Suddi reported from Abu Malik and Abu Salih from Ibn
\u2022
Abbas, Ibn Mas'ud and [or] some men among the companions.
\u2022
Al-Hasan AI-Basri reporting from or about the Prophet.
\u2022
Qatadah reporting from or about the Prophet.

All narrations coming from these chains are unauthentic according to the Sciences ofHadith. Their meanings, however, may be correct as understood by authentic texts, and for this reason they are commonly referenced.

Reports from the Followers of the Companions and those who Follow them

The following is a list of those who did not see the Prophet , but they report from companions of the Prophet , while often they themselves are quoted forTafsir. Reports that are attributed to them are used as additional support in understanding certain issues by Ibn Kathir. Such quotes may, or may not be authentically attributed to them. Wherever it is mentioned that one of them said something, and that

www.islambasics.com
statement contradicts other clearly authentic texts, then such statements can not be held as evidence against
the authentic evidence.

Abu Al-'Aliyah, Sa'id bin Jubayr, Sa'id bin Al-Musayib, 'Ata' (bin Abi Rabah), 'Ata' Al-Khurrasani, Muqatil bin Hayyan, ArRabi' bin Anas, Ash-Sha'bbi, Qatadah, Mujahid, 'Ikrimah, AdDahhak, 'Abdur- Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam (Ibn Zayd), Ibn Jurayj.

Other Scholars After the Companions

The following are some scholars that Ibn Kathir often quotes from. Since these scholars are not well known to the average English reader, one should beware that their own statements about the Prophet , his companions, or circumstances surrounding the Qur'an's revelation, are not to be considered as important as authentically narrated texts.

Waki', Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Muhammad bin Ishaq, Ibn 'Atiyyah, Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn Jarir (At-Tabari).
www.islambasics.com
The Tafsir of Surat At-Taghabun
(Chapter - 64)
Which was revealed in Al-Madinah or Makkah
]
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In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
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[

(1. Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies
Allah. His is the dominion, and to Him belongs the praise, and He is Able to
do all things.) (2. He it is Who created you, then some of you are
disbelievers and some of you are believers. And Allah is All-Seer of what
you do.) (3. He has created the heavens and the earth with truth, and He
shaped you and made good your shapes. And to Him is the return.) (4. He
knows what is in the heavens and on earth, and He knows what you conceal
and what you reveal. And Allah is the All-Knower of what is in the breasts.)

Praising Allah and mentioning His Creation and Knowledge
This is the last Surah among Al-Musabbihat. We mentioned before that all creatures
praise the glory of Allah, their Creator and Owner. Allah the Exalted said,
]
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(His is the dominion, and to Him belongs the praise,)
meaning, He is the One Who has control over all creation, the One praised for all He
created and decreed. Allah's statement,
]
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(and He is Able to do all things.)
means that whatever He wills occurs without resistance, and whatever He does not will,
never occurs. Allah said,
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(He it is Who created you, then some of you are disbelievers and some of you are
believers.)

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