1.2 DATA PROCESSING \u2013 AN IMPORTANT ASPECT OF ANY BUSINESS
1.2.1 Data and Information
1.2.2 Data / Information Processing and Databases
1.2.3 Data \u2013 Types and Properties
18.104.22.168 Data Types
22.214.171.124.1 Data Representation
126.96.36.199.2 Data Size
1.2.4 Data Organization and Grouping
1.3 DATABASES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT
1.3.1 Objectives of DBMS
1.3.2 Components of DBMS
1.3.3 Types of Databases
188.8.131.52 Operational Database
184.108.40.206 Analytical Database
220.127.116.11 Distributed Database
18.104.22.168 Personal end user Database
1.4 Storage of information
1.4.1 Operational unit
1.4.2 Storage unit
1.4.3 External storage unit
1.5 Record and Record Organization
1.5.1 Definition and concepts
1.5.2 Record Organization
1.6 File and File Organization
1.6.1 Structure of sequential file
1.6.2 Processing of sequential file
1.7.1 Structure of Index sequential file
1.8 Direct file Organization
1.11 Further Readings
Database Management is an important aspect of data processing. It involves, several data models evolving into different DBMS software packages. These packages demand certain knowledge in discipline and procedures to effectively use them in data processing applications.
We need to understand the relevance and scope of Database in the Data processing area. This we do by first understanding the properties and characteristics of data and the nature of data organization. Further we look at the various objectives of Databases technology and its characteristics by studying different packages available in the market.
Data structure can be defined as specification of data. Different data structures like array, stack, queue, tree and graph are used to implement data organization in main memory. Several strategies are used to support the organization of data in secondary memory. In this unit we will look at different strategies available for organizing data in secondary memory. We will also learn about data representation for files in external storage devices, so that required operations (e.g. retrieval, update) may be carried out efficiently.
1. Concept, relevance and scope of Database in Data processing.
2. The type and characteristics of data.
3. The data structures from storage and retrieval perspective
4. Characteristics and objectives of Databases, and
5. Overview of DBMS products in the market.
6. Storage in Operational units (i.e. register)
7. Internal storage unit( i.e. Main memory)
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