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Electrical Power Supply and Distribution

Electrical Power Supply and Distribution

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ARMY TM 5-811-1
AIR FORCE AFJMAN 32-1080
ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY
AND DISTRIBUTION
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION IS UNLIMITED
DEPARTMENTS OF THE ARMY, AND THE AIR FORCE
FEBRUARY 1995
REP RODUCTION
AUTHORIZATION/RESTRICTIONS
This manual has been prepared by or for the Government and,
except to the extent indicated below, is public property and not
subject to copyright.
Copyrighted material included in the manual has been used with the
knowledge and permission of the proprietors and is acknowledged as
such at point of use. Anyone wishing to make further use of any
copyrighted material, by itself and apart from this text, should seek
necessary permission directly from the proprietors.
Reprint or republication of this manual should include a credit
substantially as follows: \u201cJ oint Departments of the Army and Air
Force, TM 5-811-1/AFJ MAN 32-1080, Electrical Power Supply and
Distribution, 28 February 1995.
If the reprint or republication includes copyrighted material, the
credit should also state: \u201cAnyone wishing to make further use of
copyrighted material, by itself and apart from this text, should seek
necessary permission directly from the proprietor.\u201d
i
A
TM 5-811-1/AFJMAN 32-1080
TECHNICAL MANUAL
HEADQUARTERS
NO. 5-811-1
DEPARTMENTS OF THE ARMY
AIR FORCE JOINT MANUAL
AND THE AIR FORCE
NO. 32-1080
WASHINGTON, DC, 28 February 1995
ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTIONParagraph Page
CHAPTER
1. GENERAL
Purpose......................................................................
1-1
1-1
Scope........................................................................
1-2
1-1
References....................................................................
1-3
1-1
Standards and Codes............................................................
1-4
1-1
Power Supply Design Criteria.....................................................
1-5
1-1
Electrical Power Sytems.........................................................
1-6
1-1
Design Procedures..............................................................
1-7
1-2
Evaluation and Selection of Energy Systems.........................................
1-8
1-2
Design Analysis................................................................
1-9
1-4
Service Conditions..............................................................
1-10
1-5
Explanation of Abbreviations and Terms............................................
1-11
1-6
CHAPTER
2. ELECTRICAL POWER REQUIREMENTS
General.......................................................................
2-1
2-1
Load Estimation................................................................
2-2
2-1
CHAPTER
3. VOLTAGE SELECTION
General.......................................................................
3-1
3-1
System Voltage Classifications....................................................
3-2
3-1
Selection of Primary Distribution Voltage for New Installations..........................
3-3
3-1
Selection of Primary Distribution Voltage for Existing Installations.......................
3-4
3-2
Commercial Power for Air Force Installations........................................
3-5
3-3
Selection of Primary Distribution Voltage for Air Force Installations......................
3-6
3-3
CHAPTER
4. MAIN ELECTRIC SUPPLY STATIONS/SUBSTATIONS
Provisions....................................................................
4-1
4-1
Ownership....................................................................
4-2
4-2
Station Designation and Elements..................................................
4-3
4-2
Main Electric Supply Station/Substation............................................
4-4
4-2
Environmental Aspects..........................................................
4-5
4-3
Incoming Line Switching Equipment...............................................
4-6
4-4
Substation Equipment...........................................................
4-7
4-6
Miscellaneous Station Design Criteria..............................................
4-8
4-9
Substation Equipment at Air Force Installations.......................................
4-9
4-13
CHAPTER
5. ELECTRIC DISTRIBUTION LINES
Selection......................................................................
5-1
5-1
Types of Underground Lines......................................................
5-2
5-1
Types of Aerial Lines............................................................
5-3
5-1
Voltage Drop..................................................................
5-4
5-2
Power Factor Correction.........................................................
5-5
5-2
Medium-Voltage Circuits........................................................
5-6
5-3
Pad-Mounted Line Sectionalizing Equipment.........................................
5-7
5-7
Joint Electrical/Communication Lines for Air Force Installation..........................
5-8
5-7
CHAPTER
6. AERIAL DISTRIBUTION LINES
General.......................................................................
6-1
6-1
Installation Considerations.......................................................
6-2
6-1
Conductors....................................................................
6-3
6-1
Poles.........................................................................
6-4
6-6
Circuit Configurations...........................................................
6-5
6-7
Insulators.....................................................................
6-6
6-7
Guying.......................................................................
6-7
6-12
Miscellaneous Items............................................................
6-8
6-16
Air Force Installations...........................................................
6-9
6-20
CHAPTER
7. UNDERGROUND DISTRIBUTION LINES
General.......................................................................
7-1
7-1
Cable........................................................................
7-2
7-1
Duct Lines....................................................................
7-3
7-6
_______________
*This manual supersedes TM 5-811-1/AFM 88-9, Chapter 1, dated 12 September 1984
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION IS UNLIMITED

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