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HA SAP on Oracle DataGuard

HA SAP on Oracle DataGuard

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Published by: kjell_furnes on Oct 24, 2011
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Proof of concept documentation forSAP High Availability system with Oracle DataGuard and TAF on Linux Cluster___________________________________________________________________________Written and tested by Kjell Erik Furnes Page 1 of 202sapsys@online.no
 
Proof of concept documentationSAP High Availability system withOracle DataGuard on Linux ClusterIncludingPhysical and Logical standby databaseand Transparent Application Failover (TAF)coveringSAP Netweaver 7.0 including EHP2on Oracle 10.2 / 11.2
Written by Kjell Erik Furnesversion 1.00, Sep 2011
 
Proof of concept documentation forSAP High Availability system with Oracle DataGuard and TAF on Linux Cluster___________________________________________________________________________Written and tested by Kjell Erik Furnes Page 2 of 202sapsys@online.no
Contents
 Disclaimer..........................................................................................................................................................
 
Credits................................................................................................................................................................
 
Writers comments............................................................................................................................................... 7 
 
What does not work from SAP standard to this configuration......................................................................... 10
 
3 – 2 – 1 disaster.............................................................................................................................................. 11
 
Crash course in SAP system design.................................................................................................................. 12
 
System design.........................................................................................................................................13
 
SAP Netweaver distributed installation..................................................................................................15
 
SAP Netweaver High Availiability installation......................................................................................16
 
SAP Netweaver High Availiability installation with Oracle DataGuard................................................17
 
Table design............................................................................................................................................19
 
SAP Transport system............................................................................................................................19
 
The curse of SAP.............................................................................................................................................. 21
 
SAP Oracle license...................................................................................................................................23
 
 Hardware mirroring vs. Oracle DataGuard.................................................................................................... 26 
 
Oracle DataGuard vs. RAC.........................................................................................................................29
 
Disaster / Inconvenience:.............................................................................................................................30
 
Return to Normal Time Objective (RNTO)............................................................................................30
 
SAP High Availability Solution........................................................................................................................ 31
 
SAP Directory Structure................................................................................................................................... 31
 
SAP <-> Oracle communication channles..............................................................................................33
 
Connection channels and Oracle DataGuard..........................................................................................34
 
JDBC......................................................................................................................................................35
 
Configuring VMware guest servers.................................................................................................................. 37 
 
Test environment.........................................................................................................................................37
 
VMWare server Configuration...............................................................................................................37
 
Time synchronization.............................................................................................................................37
 
Installation...................................................................................................................................................40
 
 Installing the Linux servers (OS and configuration)........................................................................................ 40
 
Disk, Volume and File systems...................................................................................................................40
 
Display Physical Disk availiable on your system..............................................................................40
 
Create a Physical Volume..................................................................................................................41
 
Create a new Volume Group..............................................................................................................41
 
Resize Volume Group........................................................................................................................41
 
Display Volume Group information..................................................................................................41
 
Create a new Logical Volume............................................................................................................41
 
Display Logical Volume information.....................................................................................................42
 
Logical Volumes................................................................................................................................42
 
Resize logical volumes.......................................................................................................................42
 
File System.............................................................................................................................................42
 
Create ext3 filesystem........................................................................................................................42
 
Resizing ext3 file systems based on LVM.........................................................................................43
 
Create gfs filesystem..........................................................................................................................43
 
Resizing gfs file systems based on LVM...........................................................................................43
 
Adding disk in a vmware environment...................................................................................................43
 
ISCSI targets...........................................................................................................................................44
 
Creating block devices (ISCSI Target device)........................................................................................44
 
Presenting the ISCSI block devices to the ISCSI clients...................................................................44
 
Display ISCSI target information.......................................................................................................45
 
Configuration of the ISCSI initiator.......................................................................................................46
 
Persistent ISCSI mount...........................................................................................................................47
 
 
Proof of concept documentation forSAP High Availability system with Oracle DataGuard and TAF on Linux Cluster___________________________________________________________________________Written and tested by Kjell Erik Furnes Page 3 of 202sapsys@online.no
Resizing iscsi targets...............................................................................................................................48
 
Firewall........................................................................................................................................................49
 
ISCSI iptable rules..................................................................................................................................51
 
ntp iptable rules.......................................................................................................................................51
 
Cluster iptable rules................................................................................................................................51
 
NFS iptable rules....................................................................................................................................51
 
ORACLE iptable rules............................................................................................................................52
 
SAP iptable rules....................................................................................................................................52
 
ds8000 ISCSI Target server.........................................................................................................................52
 
Disk config..............................................................................................................................................52
 
Physical Volume.....................................................................................................................................52
 
Volume Groups.......................................................................................................................................52
 
Logical Volumes.....................................................................................................................................53
 
ISCSI Target config................................................................................................................................53
 
Network configuration:...........................................................................................................................53
 
Firewall...................................................................................................................................................53
 
Required Java version..................................................................................................................................55
 
Hostname restrictions..................................................................................................................................55
 
SAPLocales.................................................................................................................................................55
 
User limits...................................................................................................................................................55
 
SAP Netweaver 7.0 including EHP2 ABAP+Java High Available Solution.................................................... 56 
 
VMware Shared disk..........................................................................................................................56
 
Preparation...................................................................................................................................................57
 
Linux Cluster...............................................................................................................................................57
 
 pocnfsc cluster.................................................................................................................................................. 58
 
(NFS server cluster)................................................................................................................................58
 
pnfscn01......................................................................................................................................................59
 
Network configuration:......................................................................................................................59
 
Service configuration.........................................................................................................................59
 
pnfscn02......................................................................................................................................................59
 
Network configuration:......................................................................................................................59
 
Cluster Resources pocnfscIP Address.....................................................................................................60
 
Global file systems (GFS)..................................................................................................................60
 
NFS Exports.......................................................................................................................................60
 
NFS Client.........................................................................................................................................60
 
 pocsapcl cluster................................................................................................................................................ 61
 
(SAP Central services Cluster)....................................................................................................................61
 
psapcn01......................................................................................................................................................61
 
Network configuration:...........................................................................................................................61
 
Service configuration..............................................................................................................................62
 
psapcn02......................................................................................................................................................62
 
Network configuration:...........................................................................................................................62
 
Cluster resources posapcl........................................................................................................................62
 
IP Address...............................................................................................................................................62
 
SAP Instance...........................................................................................................................................62
 
 poradg00 Oracle Primary server.................................................................................................................... 64
 
Disk config..............................................................................................................................................64
 
Physical Volume.....................................................................................................................................64
 
Volume Groups.......................................................................................................................................64
 
Logical Volumes.....................................................................................................................................64
 
Network configuration:...........................................................................................................................64
 
Firewall...................................................................................................................................................65
 
Mount......................................................................................................................................................65
 
 poradg01 Oracle Standby server...................................................................................................................... 65
 
Disk config..............................................................................................................................................65
 
Physical Volume.....................................................................................................................................65
 
Volume Groups.......................................................................................................................................66
 

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