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Electromagnetic Formula

Electromagnetic Formula

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Electromagnetic Formula
Electromagnetic Formula

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03/18/2014

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MIDTERM FORMULA SHEET
VECTOR IDENTITIES
( ) ( ) ( )
A B C C A B B C A
⋅ × = ⋅ × = ⋅ ×
( ) ( ) ( )
A B C B A C C A B
× × =
( )
Φ+Ψ =Φ+Ψ
( )
A B A B
+ =⋅ +
( )
A B A B
× + =× +×
( )
∇ ΦΨ = ΦΨ+Ψ∇Φ
2
Φ ΨΦ−ΦΨ
=
ΨΨ
1
n n
n
Φ = Φ Φ
( )
A A A
∇⋅ Φ = Φ+Φ∇⋅
( )
A B B A A B
× = × − ×
( )
A A A
× Φ =∇Φ× ×
( ) ( ) ( )
A B A B B A B A A B
× × = ⋅ − ⋅ +
 
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
A B A B B A A B B A
= × × + × × + +
2
∇⋅∇Φ =∇ Φ
0
A
× =
0
∇×Φ =
2
A A A
×× =∇∇⋅ −∇
VECTOR INTEGRAL THEOREMS
[ ]
( )
v
v S
A dv A ds
=
∫
(Divergence theorem, Gauss identity)
[ ]
( )
S
S
A ds A dl
× =
∫∫ ∫
(Curl theorem 1, Stokes’ theorem)
[ ] [ ]
ˆ( ) ( )
v v
v S S
A dv ds A n A ds
× = × ×
∫
(Curl theorem 2)
SOME INTEGRALS OFTEN MET IN EM PROBLEMS
1ln | |
dx x  x
= +
∫
2 2 3/22 2 2
1( )
xdx a xa a x
= ± +±±
∫
2 2 3/22 2
1( )
xdx a xa x
= +++
∫
()
22 22 2 3/22 2
ln( )
x xdx x a x a xa x
= + + + +++
∫
2 2
1 1arctan
xdx a aa x
= ++
∫
2 2
1 1ln arctanh ,| |211arccoth ,| |
a x x x aa a x a adx x ax x aa a
= <
+
=
>
∫
( )
2 22 2
1ln2
xdx a x a x
= + ++
∫
2 22 2
xdx a x a x
= + ++
∫
2 22 2
1ln( )
dx x a x a x
= + + ++
∫
2 22 2
1 1ln
a a xdx a x x a x
+ +
= +
+
∫
2
1sin( ) [sin( ) cos( )]
x ax dx ax ax axa
=
∫
2
1cos( ) [cos( ) sin( )]
x ax dx ax ax axa
= +
∫

MIDTERM FORMULA SHEET
2 2 2
1arctan ,( )( )
x ag bdxag bb ag bax b fx g b fx g
= >
+ + +
∫
tan ln |cos | , (2 1)2
xdx x C x
π
= + +
∫
cot ln |sin | , 2
xdx x C x
π
= +
∫
1ln tansin 2
xdx  x
= +
∫
1ln tancos 2 4
xdx  x
π
= + +
∫
SOME USEFUL DEFINITE INTGERALS
20
0 ,sin sin, 0
m nmx nx dxm n
π
π
=
=
∫
20
0 ,cos cos, 0
m nmx nx dxm n
π
π
=
=
∫
20
sin cos 0
mx nx dx
π
=
∫
0
0 ,sin sin /2, 0
m nmx nx dxm n
π
π
=
=
∫
0
0 ,cos cos /2, 0
m nmx nx dxm n
π
π
=
=
∫
2 20
0 , even numbersin cos2, odd number
m nmx nx dxmm nm n
π
+ =
=
+ =
∫
2 20
, 0( cos )( 2 cos )0, 0
a ba b xdxaa b ab xb a
π
π
> >
=
+
> >
∫
COORDINATE TRANSFORMATIONSRectangular
Cylindrical
cossin
x  y  z z
φ φ
===
2 2
arctan
r x y y x z z
φ
= +
=
=
Rectangular
Spherical
sin cossin sincos
x R y R z R
θ φ θ φ θ
===
()
2 2 22 2 2
arccos arctan( / )
R x y z z x y z y x
θ φ
= + += + +=
Cylindrical
Spherical
sincos
r R z R
θ φ φ θ
===
()
2 22 2
arccos
R r z z r z
φ φ θ
= +== +
VECTOR TRANSFORMATIONSRectangular Components
Cylindrical Components
cos sinsin cos
x  y  z z
a a aa a aa a
φ φ
φ φ φ φ
= = +=
cos sinsin cos
r x y x y z z
a a aa a aa a
φ
φ φ φ φ
= += +=
Note:
φ
is the position angle of the point at which the vector exists.
Rectangular Components
Spherical Components
sin cos cos cos sinsin sin cos sin coscos sin
x R y R z R
a a a aa a a aa a a
θ φ θ φ θ
θ φ θ φ φ θ φ θ φ φ θ θ
= + = + +=
sin cos sin sin coscos cos cos sin cossin cos
R x y z x y z x y
a a a aa a a aa a a
θ φ
θ φ θ φ θ θ φ θ φ θ φ φ
= + += + = +
Note:
φ
and
θ
are the position angles of the point at which thevector exists.

MIDTERM FORMULA SHEET
Cylindrical Components
Spherical Components
sin coscos sin
r R z R
a a aa aa a a
θ φ φ θ
θ θ θ θ
= +==
sin coscos sin
R r zr z
a a aa a aa a
θ φ φ
θ θ θ θ
= += =
Note:
θ
is the position angle of the point at which the vector exists.
DERIVATIVES OFELEMENTARY FUNCTIONS
( .) 0
const
=
( ) 1
x
=
1
( )
k
x kx
=
( )
x x
e e
=
( ) ln
x x
a a a
=
1(ln )
x x
=
1(log ) , 1, 0ln
a
x a x x a
= >
(sin ) cos
x x
=
(cos ) sin
x x
=
2
1(tan ) , (2 1)cos
x x  x
π
= +
2
1(cot ) ,sin
x x  x
π
=
2
1(arcsin ) ,| | 11
x x x
= <
2
1(arccos ) ,| | 11
x x x
= <
2
1(arctan )1
x x
=+
2
1(arccot )1
x x
= +
(sinh ) cosh
x x
=
(cosh ) sinh
x x
=
22
1(tanh ) 1 tanhcosh
x x x
= =
22
1(coth ) 1 cothsinh
x x x
= =
2
1(arcsinh )1
x x
=+
2
1(arccosh ) , 11
x x x
= ± >
2
1(arctanh ) ,| | 11
x x x
= <
2
1(arccoth ) ,| | 11
x x x
= >
DIFFERENTIAL OPERATORSRectangular Coordinates
ˆ ˆˆ
x y z x y z
Φ Φ ΦΦ = + +
y x z
F  x y z
= + +
ˆ ˆˆ
y y x x z z
F F F F x y z y z z x x y
× = + − +
2 2 222 2 2
( )
x y z
Φ Φ ΦΦ ≡∇ Φ Φ = + +
2 2 2 2
ˆ ˆˆ
x y z
F x F y F z F
= + +
Cylindrical Coordinates
1ˆ ˆˆ
r zr r z
ϕ ϕ
Φ Φ ΦΦ = + +
1 1( )
z
F rF r r r z
ϕ
ϕ
= + +
( )1 1 1ˆˆˆ
z r z
F rF F F F F r zr z z r r r
φ φ
φ φ φ
× = + +
2 222 2 2
1 1( )
r r r z
φ
Φ Φ Φ
Φ Φ Φ = + +
2 2 222 2 2 2 2 22 2 22 2 2 2 2 22 2 22 2 2 2
1 1 2ˆ1 1 2ˆ1 1ˆ
r r r r  z z z z
A A A A A A A r r r r r z A A A A A Ar r r r r z A A A A zr dr r z
φ φ φ φ φ φ
φ φ φ φ φ φ
= + − + + +
+ + + + +
+ + +
Spherical Coordinates
1 1ˆˆˆsin
R R R R
θ ϕ θ θ ϕ
Φ Φ ΦΦ = + +
22
1 1 1( ) ( sin )sin sin
R
F R F  R R R R
ϕ θ
θ θ θ θ ϕ
= + +