I am submitting a template that I feel was quite good. For the record I scored 5.5/6.0 in the GRE.
Instruction: What ever is in bold should be written in all arguments.
1 Para: The argument concludes that. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .mention the conclusion the author has drawn from the
consideration or what he missed out.
3 Para: Same as above. Discuss second biggest fallacy.
4 Para: Mention other illogical assumtions. Do not state counter arguments.
5 Para: The argument is the result of a huge speculation in which the auhtor has comfortably assumed a considerable
"A popular fashion magazine recently conducted a survey of consumers' opinions about clothing prices, using prepaid mailing envelopes. Eighty-nine percent of the approximately 20,000 respondents reported that they were either "dissatisfied" or "very dissatisfied" with current clothing prices. The large number of responses indicates that the Sartorian clothing industry is at risk. Given the survey results, clothing manufacturers must find a way to reduce prices in order to keep their existing customers and maintain their businesses."
\u201cI f any clothing manufacturers want to stay alive, the best way is struggling to reduce prices.\u201d This very likely is the arguer\u2019s
proposal. However, only according to an unwarranted survey, the arguer draws a very hasty generalization. clothing
manufacturers should consider more about their situation rationally.
First, if the survey is reliable, samples of the survey must be sufficient amount and representative of target group. We are kept from the information about how much the population of Sartoria is. I f there are 20,000,000 populations in Sartoria, then 20,000 respondents is not so impressing that reflect consumers\u2019 opinion about the current clothing prices. I n addition, what about the respondents? Are they all subscribers from a popular fashion magazine which conducted the survey? I f this is the case, we have every reason to doubt these respondents can not be representative of all consumers of Sartoria. Because fashion magazine have limited special consumers especially that young, advanced-guard people.
Second, even if we concede that people of Sartoria are dissatisfied with current clothing prices, this does not naturally mean that
the Sartorian clothing industry is at stake. The key problem lies in what is the main market of clothing manufacturers of Sartoria,
I s it domestic or overseas? I t is highly possible that Sartoria clothing industry is mainly producing for overseas consumers.
Domestic market only hold a small proportion. I n addition, even if domestic consumers are the most important to clothing
manufaturers of Sartoria, the unpopular clothing prices do not must prevent consumers buying since clothing is the basic
necessity of life. Further more, if all clothing manufactures come to a common sense that no one would start a price competition.
What will the consumers do with that?
Finally, even if the Satorian clothing industry indeed face a tight situation, reducing prices as the only way to stay alive is not
warranted. The arguer fails to take into account the factor of quality concerning purchase. Let\u2019s look back to the survey. Why
respondents were dissatisfied with current clothing prices? I t is likely because clothing prices are indeed higher than the
affordability of consumers. I n fact, it is more likely because consumers consider the quality of clothing is not worth that price. I f it
" Five years ago, at a time w hen w e had difficulties in obtaining reliable supplies of high-quality w ool
fabric, w e discontinued production of our deluxe alpaca overcoats. Now that w e have a new fabric
supplier, w e should resume production. This coat should sell very w ell: since w e have not offered an
alpaca overcoat for five years and since our major competitor no longer makes an alpaca overcoat,
there w ill be pent-up customer demand. Also, since the price of most types of clothing has risen in
each of the past five years, customers should be w illing to pay significantly higher prices for alpaca
overcoats than they did five years ago, and our company profits w ill increase."
As mentioned by the author that the company have a new fabric supplier. Moreover they believe that the new fabric supplier is very reliable for supplying of high-quality wool fabric. Well there is no valid proof for the above making sentences. Lack of sufficient data could not prove the above argument. It should be better if author use some relevant examples for this statement.
Secondly, the author describes that the company\u2019s major competitor no longer makes deluxe alpaca overcoat. So
the company has a huge chance to make a success. But there might be a different cause for the failure of their
competitor. The cause might be due to lack of demand of that deluxe alpaca overcoat. If that is true then it will
be a loss for that company. So there is no valid data, why the opponent no longer makes clothes.
For making profits any company needs to have a good marketing strategy. Moreover the higher authority should
be more responsible for that product. If the corresponding company doesn\u2019t have then it can\u2019t make a profit
rather than loss.
"To combat the recently reported dramatic rise in cheating among college and university students, these
institutions should adopt honor codes similar to Groveton's, which calls for students to agree not to cheat in their
academic endeavors and to notify a faculty member if they suspect that others have cheated. Groveton's honor
code replaced an old-fashioned system in which students were closely monitored by teachers and an average of
thirty cases of cheating per year were reported. The honor code has proven far more successful: in the first year
institutions will gain an advantage in the combat against the recently reported dramatic rise in cheating among
college and university students. To make his recommendation seems more concrete, he cites a comparison of
cheating rate among students in GC before and after adopting this approach and also a survey "conducted by the
Groveton honor council" indicating that a majority of students believe this that approach really work. It is
tempting to believe the author in light of so many facts he provided. However, a careful examination of this
argument reveals that this argument suffers from a series of fallacies, which renders it unconvincing as it stands.
But the author fails to account a number of alternative explanations. The college might underwent a lot of
changes over the course of five years. For instance, the admission standard might be enhanced and the new
students, due to their relatively good record before, would volunteerly reject to cheat academically. Moreover,
fewer cases reported does not necessarily lead to fewer cases occured. The reporting procedure might become
ineffective during these years. Without considering and excluding these possible scenarios, the author cannot
Another problem with this argument is the cited survey. The argument provides no assurances to the reliability of
the survey. In other words, can the respondents represented all the students in Groveton College? How many
students participated in this survey? Without providing detailed information concerning the above questions, it
might well be that the students who never cheated in exam were more inclined to response to the survey, or
perhaps only 1 percent of the students in GC participated in this survey. Any of the events, if true, would serve to
Even assuming that the author can substantiate all the foregoing assumptions, he cannot conclude the same
approach would work for other institutions. In order to substantiate this, he should provide clues to show that all
these institutions are comparable or similar in every aspects. Otherwise, he just cannot make his
"Clormium 5 is an odorless, tasteless, and generally harmless industrial by-product that can enter the water
supply. A preliminary study has linked cooking with water containing clormium 5 to an increased incidence of
allergies and skin rashes. Tests of the drinking water in several areas have revealed the presence of clormium 5.
Although it is possible to remove clormium 5 from water, the costs of routine testing and purification are higher
than many communities can afford. Therefore, in order to prevent allergies and skin rashes, communities that
cannot afford to rid their drinking water of clormium 5 should replace drinking fountains in public buildings, such
as schools and libraries, with bottled-water coolers."
This editorial presents the effect of Cormium 5, an industrial by-product, on the health of local residents. Further considering this substance to be the major reason for disorders like allerges and skin rashes, it suggests that the drinking fountains in public buildings should be replaced with bottled-water coolers. At first glance, the argument given and suggestion derived from there seems to be effective but an in depth analysis of this article presents some flaws in it.
First of all, the article doesn't explain what are the parameters considered in the preileminary study conducted for the effects of Cormium 5. It may possible that the allergies and skin infections are result of some other harmful substance present in water which was not taken care during study. Secondly in which environmental conditions this study has been conducted. Skin infections and allergies may rise due to environmental changes also.
Further it states that, the presence of Cormium 5 is found in drinking water samples collected from several areas but it never specifies the percentage of cormium 5 present in samples and beyond what percentage consumption of Cormium 5 is harmful for human beings since in the first line it states that the substance is harmless.
Also it suggests that since removing cormium 5 from water is costly, therefore bottled water coolers should be
used. It fails to explain the overall expenditure for installing these bottled-water coolers and making them
operational. It is very likely that this activity may cost much more than removing cormium 5. Also it states that
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