Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
18Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Tenses

Tenses

Ratings:

4.0

(1)
|Views: 475|Likes:
Published by api-3795542

More info:

Published by: api-3795542 on Oct 17, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

Eray ATIL-eatil@superonline.com
1
TENSES
1- Present Continuous (Progressive)
Tense
Form:
S + am/is/are + Ving + O + C
Use:
a)i\u00e7inde bulundu\u011fumuz anda yapmakta
olunan eylemleri belirmekte kullan\u0131r\u0131z.
\u2192 She\u2019s listening to the teacher now.
b)Konu\u015fman\u0131n ge\u00e7ti\u011fi s\u0131rada eylemi yap\u0131yor
olmasak bile o s\u0131ralarda yapt\u0131\u011f\u0131m\u0131z i\u015fleri
bu zaman ile anlat\u0131r\u0131z.
\u2192 She\u2019s reading book by Orhan PAMUK.
c)De\u011fi\u015fmekte olan durumlar\u0131 bu tense ile
anlat\u0131r\u0131z.
\u2192 Everything\u2019s getting more and more
expensive.
d)Gelecek zaman zarflar\u0131 ile gelecekte
yapmay\u0131 planlad\u0131\u011f\u0131m\u0131z eylemleri anlatmak
i\u00e7in kullan\u0131l\u0131r.
\u2192 He\u2019s having a birthday party next week.
e)S\u0131k s\u0131k beklenmedik bir\u015fekilde tekrarlanan
rahats\u0131z edici durumlarda kullan\u0131r\u0131z.
\u2192 May radio is always(constantly-continually)
breaking down.
Time expressions
Now
right now
At the moment
at present
Still
next week
Look/listen!
Nowadays
Tonight
thesedays
Tomorrow for the time being
2- Simple Present Tense
Form
S + V (es/-s/ies 3. T.\u015e.)+ O + C
Use:
a)Genelde yapt\u0131\u011f\u0131m\u0131z i\u015fleri al\u0131\u015fkanl\u0131klar\u0131 bu
tense ile ifade ederiz.
\u2192 We have a chat with friends on Sundays.
b)Do\u011fa kanunlar\u0131, her zaman ge\u00e7erlili\u011fi olan
do\u011frular ve genellemeler bu zamaan ile
ifade edilir.
\u2192 Water boils at 100\u00baC.
\u2192 The earth revolves round the sun.
c)\u201cWhat do you do?soru kal\u0131b\u0131yla
meslekleri sormada kullan\u0131l\u0131r.
d) \u201cWhy don\u2019t/doesn\u2019t + subject + \u2026\u201d
kal\u0131b\u0131yla \u00f6nerileri belirtmede kullan\u0131r\u0131z.
\u2192A: I have a headache.
B: Why don\u2019t you take a tablet.
e)Sinema, tiyatro gibi etkinliklerin ba\u015flama

ve biti\u015f saatleri, ders programar\u0131n\u0131n ya da
u\u00e7ak, tren veya otob\u00fcs kalk\u0131\u015f ve var\u0131\u015f
saatleri anlatmada kulln\u0131l\u0131r.

\u2192 Our lessons begins at 17:00 and and
finishes 19:45.
f)Gazete ba\u015fl\u0131klar\u0131 foto\u011fraf altyaz\u0131lar\u0131nda
kullan\u0131r\u0131z.
Time expressions
Usually
always
Often
rarely
Seldom
from time to time
Never
everyday
Every week
once a day
A day
in the mornings
In the evenings
in springs
Continious (Progressive) Tense ile
Kullan\u0131lmayan Fiiller
a) D\u00fc\u015f\u00fcnmeye ili\u015fkin fiiller:
\u2192 Need, prefer, mem, think, know, remember,
forget, recognize
b) Duygu belirten fiiller
\u2192 Love,hate, dislike, desire, detest, wish, like
c) Sahiplik bildiren fiiller
\u2192 possessive, have, belong, own
d) Duyu fiilleri
\u2192 see, hear, taste, smell, feel
e) Di\u011ferleri
\u2192 look, seem, sound, exist, consist,
include,weigh
\u2022
Ancak bunlar\u0131n i\u00e7inde baz\u0131lar\u0131
progressive tense ile kullan\u0131l\u0131rlar.
a) Think
a. D\u00fc\u015f\u00fcnmek + Ving + of/about
b. Sanmak \u2013Ving (Almaz)
b) See
a. G\u00f6rmek \u2013Ving (Almaz)
b. G\u00f6r\u00fc\u015fmek + Ving
c) Smell
a. Kokmak \u2013Ving (Almaz)
b. Koklamak +Ving
d) Taste
a. Tatmak +Ving
b. Tad\u0131nda olmak \u2013Ving (Almaz)
e) Look
a. Bakmak + Ving
b. G\u00f6r\u00fcnmek \u2013Ving (Almaz)
f) Have
a. Sahiplik \u2013Ving (Almaz)
b. Yapmak, yemek, i\u00e7mek +Ving
g) Appear
a. G\u00f6r\u00fcnmek \u2013Ving
b. Ortaya \u00e7\u0131kmak +Ving
h) Weigh
a. Tartmak +Ving
b. A\u011f\u0131rl\u0131\u011f\u0131nda Olmak-Ving
(Almaz)
i) Livea. S\u00fcrekli ya\u015fad\u0131\u011f\u0131m\u0131z yerden
s\u00f6z ediyorsak \u2013Ving(Almaz)
b. Ge\u00e7icir bir sure bir yerde
ya\u015famak +Ving
j) Be
a. Genel anlamda \u2013Ving(Almaz)
b. \u00d6zel bir durumda +Ving
Eray ATIL-eatil@superonline.com
Eray ATIL-eatil@superonline.com
2
3- Simple Past Tense
Form:
S + V2 + O + C
Use:
a)Ge\u00e7mi\u015fte yapt\u0131\u011f\u0131m\u0131z eylemleri olaylar\u0131 ve
durumlar\u0131 anlat\u0131rken kullan\u0131r\u0131z.
\u2192 They painted their house last week.
b)Ge\u00e7mi\u015fteki al\u0131\u015fkanl\u0131klar\u0131m\u0131z\u0131 ifade ederiz.
\u2192 When she 17years old, she smoked.
Time expressions
Yesterday
last night
Ago
in 1955
When I was
4- Past Continuous Tense
Form:
S + was/were + Ving + O + C
Use:
a)Ge\u00e7mi\u015fte belli bir noktada yapmakta
oldu\u011fumuz eylemleri anlat\u0131rken kullan\u0131r\u0131z.
\u2192 This time last week, we were studying
English.
b)S\u00fcrerlik bildiren tenseler ile kullan\u0131lmayan
fiiller bu tense ile de kullan\u0131lmaz.
c)Ortam\u0131 tasvir etmek i\u00e7in kullan\u0131r\u0131z
\u2192 the sun was shining\u2026
Time expressions
This time last week
when
\u201c
\u201c last night
yesterday at 17:50
While
(1) When
a) When + S. Past Tense, S. Past Tense
(Art arda gelen eylemler)
\u2192 When he came in, we had breakfast.
b) When+ S. Past Tense, Past Continuous
(Bir eylem devam ederken di\u011feri olmu\u015f)
\u2192 When he came in, we were having
breakfast.
c) When + Simple Past, Past Perfect
(Bir eylem bitmi\u015f, di\u011feri \u00e7oktaan olmu\u015f.
\u2192 When he came in, we had had breakfast.
(2) While
a) While + Past Cont. + Past Cont.
\u2192 While we were studying, my brother was
reading a paper.
b) While + Past Cont. , Simple Past
\u2192 While we were studying, my brother came
in.
c) While + Simple Past, Simple Past
\u2192 While she cooked, her daughter took a
shower.
* While bulunan c\u00fcmleler beni % 80 oran\u0131nda
Past Continious\u2019a g\u00f6t\u00fcrmeli.
While = Just as(Vurgulu) = asAyn\u0131 an lama
gelirler.
\u2192 Just as he was about to go out, the phone
rang.
5- Present Perfect Tense
Form
S + have/has + V3 + O + C
Use
a)Ge\u00e7mi\u015fte ba\u015flay\u0131p i\u00e7inde bulundu\u011fumuz

anda devam eden ya da \u00e7ok k\u0131sa bir s\u00fcre
\u00f6nce sona erip, etkisi hala s\u00fcren
eylemlerde kullan\u0131l\u0131r.

\u2192 They have painted their house.
\u2192 She has cleaned the room (Bu oda \u015fu anda
temiz).
b)Ge\u00e7mi\u015fte bir eylem olmu\u015f bitmi\u015f olabilir.
Zaman zarf\u0131 yoksa Perfect Tense kullan\u0131l\u0131r.
Zaman zarf\u0131 varsa Past Tense\u2019dir.
Time expressions
Lately
so far
Recently

up to now
Until now
Just: Olumlu c\u00fcmlelerde Yrd. Fiil ile as\u0131l fiil aras\u0131na
Yet: Hen\u00fcz anlam\u0131nda olumsuz ve soru c\u00fcmlelerinde,

c\u00fcmle sonunda.
Already: Zaten \u00e7oktan anlam\u0131nda olup, olumlu
c\u00fcmlelerde, yrd fiil ile as\u0131l fiil aras\u0131na ya da c\u00fcmlenin
sonuna.
Once
twice
Three times

several times
Many times
Since

for
Since: Bu kelimden sonra bir c\u00fcmle kullan\u0131l\u0131r.
\u201cfor\u201d i\u00e7in b\u00f6yle bir durum yoktur.
Since + S. Past Tense + Present Perfect
Present Perfect + since + S. Past Tense
\u2192 I have known Ahmet, since I came to

Elaz\u0131\u011f.
* Since\u2019den sonra c\u00fcmle gelme zorunlulu\u011fu
yok.

It is + a period of time + since + S. Past
Tense/Present Perfect T.
\u2192 It is two weeks since I last went to the
cinema.
\u2192 It is two weeks since I have been to cinema.
This is +superlative+Present Perfect Tense
\u2192 This is the best meal I\u2019ve ever eaten.
This is + the first time/second time \u2026 +
Present Perfect Tense
\u2192 This is the second time I have played chess.
Gone \u2013 Been

E\u011fer ki\u015fi s\u00f6z\u00fc edilen yerde ise ya da s\u00f6z\u00fc
edilen yere gitmek \u00fczere yola \u00e7\u0131km\u0131\u015fsa\u201cgone\u201d
kullan\u0131l\u0131r.

Eray ATIL-eatil@superonline.com
Eray ATIL-eatil@superonline.com
3
\u2192 She has gone to Malatya. (She hasn\u2019t

returned)
E\u011fer s\u00f6z\u00fc edilen ki\u015fi s\u00f6z\u00fc edilen yerde daha
\u00f6nce bulundu\u011funu ifade ediyorsa, yani
konu\u015fma s\u0131ras\u0131nda, yani konu\u015fma s\u0131rasnda
ba\u015fka bir mekanda ise \u201cbeen\u201d kullan\u0131l\u0131r.

\u2192 She has been to Malatya. (She has
returned).
6- Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Form
S + have/has + been + Ving + O + C
Use:
a) Ge\u00e7mi\u015fte ba\u015flay\u0131p i\u00e7inde bulundu\u011fumuz
anda devam eden eylemleri belirtmede
kullan\u0131l\u0131r\u0131z.

P. Perfect. Continuous Tense ile Present
Perfect Tense Aras\u0131ndaki Farkl\u0131l\u0131klar
a)Say\u0131, miktar belirten ifadeler P. Perfect

Cont. T. ile kullan\u0131lmazlar.
\u2192 I have watched several film so far.
b)S\u00fcrerlik bildiren tenselerle kullan\u0131lmayan
fiiller \u201cwant ve wish\u201d hari\u00e7 P. Perfec Cont.T. ile
de kullan\u0131lmazlar.
c) Present Perfect Cont. T. ile \u201calways, never,

sometimes\u201d gibi s\u0131kl\u0131k bildiren zarflar ile \u201conce,
twice, several times \u2026\u201d gibi eylemin ka\u00e7 kez
yap\u0131ld\u0131\u011f\u0131n\u0131 bildiren yap\u0131larla ya da \u201cjust, yet,
already\u201d gibi eylemin bitti\u011fini tamamland\u0131\u011f\u0131n\u0131
ifade eden yap\u0131larla kullan\u0131lmaz.

Time expressions

All day
All year
For ten years
For two weeks

7- The Past Perfect Tense
Form
S + had + V3 + O + C
Use:
a)Ge\u00e7mi\u015fte meydana gelen iki eylemden ilk
olan eylemi g\u00f6steren zamand\u0131r.
Time expressions
a) After
After + Past Perfect/ S. Past , S. Past
b) Before
Before + S. Past, Past Perf./S. Past
c) Untill/Till
Untill/Till + Past Perf./ S.Past, S. Past
d) As soon as
As soon as + Past Perf./s. Past, S. Past
e) By the time
By the time, S. Past, Past Perf./was, were
f) When
When + Simple Past, Past Perfect
g) Hardly/scarely/barely
\u2026 + Past Perf. + when + S. Past
h) No sooner
No sooner + Past Perf. + than S. Past
8- Past Perfect Cont. Tense
Form
S + had been + Ving + O + C
Use:
a)Past Perfect Con. Tense tam olarak Pres.

Perf. Con. T.\u2019ninpast bi\u00e7imidir. Bu tense ile
ge\u00e7mi\u015fte ba\u015flay\u0131p yine ge\u00e7mi\u015fte bir
noktayakadar devam eden eylemleri ifade
eder.

\u2192 I had been waiting for my father for two
hours when he finally came.
9- Future Tense
Form
S + will/shall + V + O + C
S + be going to + V + O + C
Use:
a)\u00d6nceden tasarlam\u0131\u015f, planlam\u0131\u015f oldu\u011fumuz
bir durumdan s\u00f6z ederken be + going to
kullan\u0131l\u0131r.
b)Hen\u00fcz \u00f6\u011frendi\u011fimiz bir konuda, yaplmakta
istekli oldu\u011fumuz bir durumu \u201cwill\u201d ile ifade
ederiz.
\u2192 A: I need money\u00e7
B: I will lend you.
c)Bir olay\u0131n olaca\u011f\u0131na ili\u015fkin belirtiler varsa
\u201cgoing to\u201d kullna\u0131l\u0131r.
\u2192 The sky is black. It\u2019s going to rain.
d)Ancak herhangi bir beirti olmaks\u0131z\u0131n bir
tahminde bulunuyorsak \u201cwill\u201d kullna\u0131l\u0131r.
\u2192 Fenerbah\u00e7e will be champion this year.
e)\u201cI\u2019m sure, I think, probably, I hope\u201d gibi
yap\u0131larda genellikle \u201cwill\u201d kullna\u0131l\u0131r.
\u2192 I hope you will pas the KPDS exam.
f)Rica c\u00fcmlelerinde \u201cwill\u201d kullan\u0131l\u0131r.
\u2192 will you help me?
Time expressions
Tomorrow \u2026
next \u2026
In two years
in five weeks
Two weeks later
soon
Tonight
Adverbial clauses
a)Adverbial clause\u2019larda tense uyumu
olacakt\u0131r.(Past, Past) (Present, Present)
b)Adverbial clause\u2019lar\u0131n bulundu\u011fu k\u0131s\u0131mda
\u201cwill, going to\u201d kullna\u0131lmaz. Yerine Simple
Present Tense kullan\u0131l\u0131r.
10- Future Continuous Tense
Form
S + will be + Ving + O + C
Use:
a)Bu tense\u2019I gelecekte bir noktada yap\u0131yor
olaca\u011f\u0131m\u0131z eylemleri ifade etmede
kullna\u0131r\u0131z.
\u2192 Don\u2019t call me between 9:30-11:30, I\u2019ll be
havng a party.
Time expressions
At this time tomorrow
This time next year
Eray ATIL-eatil@superonline.com

Activity (18)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
bawzy2 liked this
Frustration Frs liked this
ALi liked this
ALi liked this
flyiron liked this
Putra Pratama liked this
rizwan akhtar liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->