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Table Of Contents

An introduction to telephony
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Basic telephony
1.3 Atelephone network
1.4 How does a network set up a call connection?
The many networks and how they link
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Other forms of telephone networks
2.2.1 Mobile networks
2.2.2 Cable TV networks
2.3 Interconnection of networks
2.3.1 International calls
2.3.2 Interconnection of a PSTN and a PNO’s network
2.3.3 Mobile to mobile via the PSTN
2.4 The Internet
2.5 Access to the Internet
2.5.1 Dial-up via the PSTN and ISDN
2.5.2 Over ADSL
2.5.3 Over a cable modem
2.5.4 Leased line access
2.6 The specialist networks associated with a PSTN
2.6.1 Operator-services network
2.6.2 Intelligent network
2.6.3 Business-services network
2.6.4 Private-circuit services network
2.6.5 Data services networks
2.6.6 Telex network
2.7 Amodel of the set of a Telco’s networks
2.8 Summary
Network components
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Network topologies
3.3 Nodal: concentrator switching
3.4 Nodal: route switching
3.5 Nodal: packet switching and routeing
3.6 Nodal: control (computer processing and storage)
3.7 Nodal: multiplexing
3.7.1 Frequency division multiplexing
3.7.2 Time division multiplexing
3.7.3 Code division multiplexing
3.8 Nodal: grooming
3.9 Nodal: consolidating
3.10 Link component
3.11 Analogue-to-digital conversion
3.11.1 The advantages of digital networks
3.11.2 The A/D process
4.2.1 Transmission principles
4.2.2 Transmission media
4.3 Multiplexed payloads
4.3.2 The time division multiplexing of digital blocks
4.3.3 Plesiochronous digital hierarchy system
4.3.4 SONET and synchronous digital hierarchy system
4.4 The range of transmission systems
4.4.1 Metallic-line systems
4.4.2 Digital subscriber line transmission systems
4.4.3 Point-to-point optical fibre
4.4.4 Dense wave-division multiplex system
4.4.5 Passive optical fibre network
4.4.6 Line-of-sight microwave radio systems
5.2.2 The copper (‘local loop’) access network
5.2.3 The optical fibre access network
5.2.4 Radio access network
5.2.5 Broadband access
5.2.6 Planning and operational issues
5.3 Core Transmission Networks
5.3.1 Scene setting
5.3.2 PDH network
5.3.3 SDH network
5.3.4 Transmission network resilience
5.4 Summary
Circuit-switching systems and networks
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Circuit-switching systems
6.2.1 Introduction
6.2.2 Subscriber switching (local) units
6.2.3 Digital telephone switching systems
6.2.4 PBX
6.2.5 Digital exchange structures
6.2.6 ISDN exchanges
6.3 Network dimensioning
6.3.1 The concept of switched traffic
6.3.2 Call distribution
6.3.3 Traffic flow
6.3.4 Traffic routeing
6.3.5 Exchange capacity planning
6.4 Summary
Signalling and control
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Signalling
7.2.1 An overview of signalling
7.2.4 ITU H323 and session initiation protocol
7.3 Call control
7.3.1 Exchange-control systems
7.3.2 Intelligent network (IN)
8.2 The nature of data
8.3 Packet switching
8.3.1 Connection-orientated packet mode
8.3.2 Connectionless packet mode
8.3.3 Comparison of packet switching modes
8.4 Asynchronous transfer mode
8.5 Internet protocol
8.6 The Internet
8.7 Voice-over-IP
8.8 VOIPover broadband
8.9 Network aspects: IPoverATM
8.10 Multi-protocol label switching
8.11 Local area networks
8.12 Wireless LANs
8.13 Summary
Mobile switching systems and networks
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Characteristics of mobile networks
9.2.1 Tetherless link
9.2.2 Need for handset identification
9.2.3 Need to track the location of users
9.2.4 Need for a complex handset
9.2.5 Use of complex commercial model
9.2.6 Need for specialised service support
9.2.7 A simple generic model of a mobile system
9.3 How does radio work?
9.4 Cellular networks
9.5 Access mechanisms in cellular networks
9.6 The GSM system
9.6.1 GSM system description
9.6.2 Location management in a GSM system
9.6.3 Mobile call in a GSM network
9.6.4 Cell hand-over and power management
9.6.5 GSM frame structure
9.7 General packet radio service
9.8 Third generation (3G) mobile systems
9.8.1 Universal mobile telecommunications system
9.8.2 Network planning considerations
9.9 The wireless scene
9.10 Fixed–mobile convergence (FMC)
9.11 Summary
Numbering and addressing
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Numbering and addressing in telephone networks
10.3 Administration of the telephone numbering range
10.4 Routeing and charging of telephone calls
10.4.1 Numbering and telephone call routeing
10.4.2 Number portability
10.4.3 Numbering and telephone call charging
10.5 Data numbering and addressing
10.6 ATM addressing
10.7 IPnumbering/naming and addressing
10.7.1 Internet names
10.7.2 Internet addresses
10.7.3 Translating Internet names to addresses
10.7.4 IPv6
10.9 Summary
Putting it all together
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Architecture
11.2.1 Commercial or service model view
11.2.2 Techno-regulatory view
11.2.3 Functional or logical view
11.2.4 Physical view
11.3 Aholistic view of a telecommunications network
11.3.1 Logical multi-layered network views of a PSTN
11.3.2 Physical view of the set of a Telco’s networks
11.4 Quality of service and network performance
11.4.1 Transmission loss and loudness in the PSTN
11.4.2 Transmission stability
11.4.5 Apportionment of performance impairments
11.7 Next generation network
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Understanding Telecommunications Networks

Understanding Telecommunications Networks

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Published by: Mohammed_Faraz_5345 on Oct 24, 2011
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