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Group 14 Starting System

Group 14 Starting System

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1 4 -1
P A R T
1 4 -1
P A G E
G E N E R A L S T A R T IN G S Y S T E M S E R V IC E
1 4 -1
P A R T
1 4 -2
S T A R T E R.
. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . ..1 4 -8
P A R T
1 4 -3
S P E C IF IC A T IO N S .
P A G E
.1 4 -1 0
G E N E R A LS T A R T IN G
S Y S T E MS E R V IC E
S e c tio n
P a g e
1 D ia g n o s is a n d T e s tin g
1 4 -1
R o a d S e rv ic e
1 4 -1
S ta rte r W ill
N o t C ra n k
th e E n g in e.
. . . . . . . . .1 4 -1
S ta rte r
C ra n k s
E n g in e
S lo w ly
.1 4 -3
E n g in e W ill C r a n k a t N o r m a l S p e e d
B ut
W ill
N ot
S ta rt
1 4 -3
S ta rte r L o a d
T e s t
1 4 -3
S ta rte r N o -L o a d
T e s t
1 4 -3
S e c tio n
P a g e
A rm a tu re a n d F ie ld G ro u n d e dC irc u it
T e s t-O nT e s t B e n c h
1 4 -3
S ta rte r C ra n k in g C irc u it T e s t.
. . . . . . . . . . . . .1 4 -5
2 C o m m o n A d ju s tm e n tsa n d R e p a irs. ......... 1 4 -6
B ru s h R e p la c e m e n t
1 4 -6
A rm a tu re R e p la c e m e n t
.1 4 -6
3 C le a n in g a n d In s p e c tio n
.1 4 -6
.
T O G E N E R A T O R R E G U L A T O R
S T A R T E R R E L A Y
~ ~
-= ::-
~
'I
b
r - ,
I -r:c C
-:J t!.
': '
.
T O
IG N IT IO N
C O il
1_0_00 -
b o o s te r
b a tte ry
t o
th e
s y s te m
fo r

c a s e s o f a s ta rte r th a i w ill n o t c ra n k th e e n g in e o r a s ta rte r th a t c ra n k s th e e n g in e

v e ry
s lo w ly .
I f
th e

s ta rte r tu rn s th e e n g in e o v e r, b u t th e e n g in e s till

w ill
n o t
s ta rt,
e v e n
w ith
th e
b o o s te r b a tte ry a tta c h e d , re fe r to
th e
fo llo w in g
c h a rts . B e c e rta in th a t c o r-
re c t b a tte ry p o la rity
is o b s e rv e d w h e n
u s in g
a
b o o s te r b a tte ry ;
p o s itiv e
t o
p o s itiv e ,
a n d
n e g a tiv e
t o
n e g a tiv e
c o n n e c tio n
o f
th e
a u x ilia r y
c a b le s .
S T A R T E R W IL L
N O T
C R A N K
TH E
E N G IN E
R e fe r to
F ig . 2
fo r th is
s y m p to m .
N O T E
I-N E U T R A L
S T A R T
S W IT C H
T E S T
O n
v e h ic le s e q u ip p e d w ith
an au-
to m a tic
tra n s m is s io n ,
a p p ly
th e
b ra k e s a n d a tte m p t to
s ta rt th e
e n -
g in e w h ile
m o v in g
th e
s e le c to r le v e r
th ro u g h
a ll r a n g e s . T h is
m ay
d e te r-
m in e
if
th e
p ro b le m
is c a u s e d b y
a
m a la d ju s te d
o r
d e fe c tiv e
n e u tra l-
s ta rt s w itc h . R e fe r to G ro u p
7 Part 3
fo r th e a d ju s tm e n t o f th is s w itc h .
D IA G N O S IS
A N D
T E S T IN G
T h e
s ta rtin g
s y s te m
in c lu d e s
th e
~
I
I
~
s ta rtin g m o to r a n d d riv e , th e b a t~ e ~ ,
~
- - -
-
th e
s ta rte r re la y , th e
s ta rte r (lg n l-
B A T T E R Y
tio n )
s w itc h ,
a n d
th e
n e c e s s a ry c a -
- :-
b le s a n d w ir in g
t o
c o n n e c t th e c o m -
p o n e n ts . V e h ic le s
e q u ip p e d
w ith
a n
a u to m a tic
tra n s m is s io n
e m p lo y
a
n e u tra l-s ta rt
s w itc h
in
th e
s y s te m
w h ic h p re v e n ts o p e ra tio n o f th e s ta rt-
er in
a ll s e le c to r p o s itio n s e x c e p t N
(n e u tra l)
a n d
P
(p a rk ).
A
s c h e m a tic d ia g ra m
o f th e
s ta rt-
in g
c ir c u it
is s h o w n in
F ig .
1 .
T h e
m a jo rity
o f s ta rtin g
p ro b le m s
u s u a lly fa ll in to
o n e o f th e fo llo w in g
s itu a tio n s : th e s ta rte r w ill
n o t
c ra n k
th e e n g in e ; th e
e n g in e w ill
c ra n k
a t
n o r m a l s p e e d b u t w ill
n o t s ta rt; a n d
th e
s ta rte r
c ra n k s
th e
e n g in e
v e ry
s lo w ly .
I f
th e e n g in e
w ill
c ra n k
b u t
w ill
n o t s ta rt, th e tro u b le
is u s u a lly in th e
e n g in e , fu e l s y s te m o r ig n itio n
s y s te m
ra th e r th a n in th e s ta rtin g s y s te m .
F o llo w in g
a re
ro a d
m ap
ty p e
c h a rts w h ic h
m a y b e fo llo w e d
to d e -
te rm in e
th e
cause of
th e
d iffic u lty
a n d
th e
c o rre c tiv e
a c tio n .
-
-
- -A U T O M A T IC
T R A N S M IS S IO N
O N LY
S T A R T E R N E U T R A L S W IT C H
C L O S E D
W IT H
S E L E C T O R
I N
N
O R
P
P O S IT IO N
,
S trip e
---S T A R T E R
S W IT C H
(O N
IG N IT IO N
S W IT C H )
k
T O
B A n E R Y T E R M I N A L O F
G E N E R A T O RR E G U L A T O R
J l0 8 3 .C
F IG .
1 -S ta rtin g
C ir c u it
NOTE 2
C onnect a
h e a v y ju m p e r c a b le
R O A D
S E R V IC E
O n
ro a d
s e rv ic e
c a lls .
c o n n e c t
a
1 4 -2
G R O U P
1 4
S T A R T IN G S Y S T E M
S T A R T E R W IL L
N O T C R A N K E N G IN E -~ D
M A P (S E E N O T E N O .1 )
CHECK THE BATTERY
A N D S T A R T E R C A B L E S F O R G O O D E L E C T R IC A L
C O N T A C T .
. L O O K F O R B R O K E N O R C O R R O D E D C O N N E C T IO N S . IN P A R T IC U L A R ' A S S U R E G O O D
G R O U N D C O N N E C T IO N S . C L E A N
A N D T IG H T E N
THE CABLE
C O N N E C T IO N S A S N E C E S S A R Y .
CHECK THE BATTERY
S P E C IF IC G R A V IT Y .
B A T T E R Y S P E C IF IC
G R A V IT Y
O K
B A T T E R Y
S P E C IF IC
G R A V IT Y
LO W
PERFORM THE BATTERY
TESTS, CHARGE OR REPLACE
TH E
B A T T E R Y
ASNECESSARY.CHECK THE BATTERY
AND STARTER
CABLES AND STARTER RELAY
F O R E X C E S S IV E R E S IS T A N C E .
C H E C K iH ES T A R T E R R E L A Y .O P E R A T E
T H E S T A R T E R (IG N IT IO N ) S W IT C I
R E L A Y
C L IC K S
R E L A Y
D O E S
N O T
C L IC K
S T A R T E R
S P IN S ,B U T
W IL L
N O T
C R A N K
E N G IN E
*
B Y .P A S S T H E R E L A Y
W IT H A
H E A V Y J U M P E R C A B L E .S E E
N O T E N O .2 .
*
B Y .P A S S T H E IG N IT IC I-I S W IT C H ,
I
N E U T R A L
S T A R T S W IT C H A N D
W IR IN G . S E E N n T E
N O .3.
. . .
R E M O V E T H E S T A R T IN G M O T O R A N D D R IV E . C H E C K A N D
C L E A N
T H E S T A R T E R D R IV E A S R E O O IR E D . C H E C K F O R
D A M A G E D F L Y W H E E L R IN G G E A R T E E T H .
W H E N IN S T A L L IN G
T H E S "J A R T E R . P R O P E R L Y A L IG N
IT T O T H E
FLYW HEEL
H O U S IN G .
E N G IN E
C R A N K S
E N G IN E
W IL L N O T
C R A N K
*
R E P L A C ER E L A Y
*
C H E C K T H E W IR IN G T O T H E
IG N IT IO N
S W IT C H ,N E U T R A L S T A R T S W IT C H
A N D W IR IN G T O S T A R T E R R E L A Y .
S E E
N O T E N O .4 .
B Y .P A S S R E L A Y
W IT H A
HEAVY JUM PER CABLE.
S E E N O T E N O .2 .
S T A R T E R
E N G A G E M E N T
W EAK
O R
N O
E N G A G E M E N T .
S T A R T E R
E N G A G E M E N T
F IR M .
E N G IN E
L O C K E D
U P .
I
.
*
REMOVE AND TEST THE
S T A R T E R .
R E P A IR A S
R E Q U IR E D .
'"
R E F E R
TO GROUP 8
I
REMOVEAND TEST THE
*
S T A R T E R . R E P A IR A S
R E O O IR E D .
'"
REFER TO GROUP 8
J 1 3 1 6 -A
F IG .
2 -S ta rte r W ill N o t C ra n k E n g in e -R o a dM a p
P A R T
1 4 -1
-
G E N E R A LS T A R T IN G S Y S T E M S E R V IC E
1 4 -3
fro m
th e b a tte ry te rm in a l o f th e re -
la y to th e s ta rte rte rm in a lo f th e re la y
(F ig . 3 , c o n n e c tio nN o .1 ).
m e te r w ill in d ic a te th e s ta rte r c u rre n t
d ra w u n d e r lo a d .
N O T E 3 --S T A R T E R R E L A Y
T E S T
C o n n e c t a ju m p e r fro m
th e b a t-
te ry
te rm in a l o f
th e
re la y
t o
th e
s ta rte r (ig n itio n ) s w itc h te rm in a l o f
th e re la y (F ig . 3 , c o n n e c tio nN o .2 )
I f
th e
e n g in e d o e s n o t c ra n k , th c
s ta rte r re la y p ro b a b ly is a t fa u lt.
N O T E 4 -S T A R T E R
C O N T R O L
C IR C U IT T E S T
O n v e h ic le s e q u ip p e d w ith a n a u -
to m a tic tr a n s m is s io n ,if
th e e n g in e
c ra n k s , c o n n e c t a ju m p e r fro m
th e

re la y s id e o f th e n e u tra l-s ta rts w itc h b a tte ry te rm in a l o f th e re la y to th e (F ig . 3 , c o n n e c tio n N o .3 ).

I f
th e

e n g in ed o e sn o t c ra n k , th e w irin g b e - t w e e n t h e n e u t r a l - s t a r t s w i t c h a n d t h e re la y is a t fa u lt. If th e e n g in e c ra n k s , re la y s id e o f th e n e u tra l-s ta rts w itc h c o n n e c t a ju m p e r {ro m

th e b a tte ry

te rm in a l o f th e re la y to th e s ta rte r (ig n itio n ) s w itc h s id e o f th e n e u tra l- s ta rt s w itc h (F ig . 3 , c o n n e c tio n N o . 4 ). If th e e n g in e d o e s n o t c ra n k , th e n e u tra l-s ta rt s w itc h is o u t o f a d ju s t-

m ent or
d e fe c tiv e . If
th e
e n g in e

c ra n k s ,c h e c k fo r v o lta g e a t th e b a t- te ry te rm in a l o f th e s ta rte r (ig n itio n ) s w itc h w irin g h a rn e s sc o n n e c to rw ith a te s t lig h t o r a v o ltm e te r. If v o lta g e is n o t a v a ila b le ,th e w ir in g b e tw e e n th e b a tte ry te rm in a l o f th e s ta rte r re - la y a n d th e b a tte ry te rm in a l o f th e s ta rte r (ig n itio n ) s w itc h is

a t fa u lt.
If v o lta g e is a v a ila b le ,s u b s titu te a n
ig n itio n s w itc h fro m
s to c k . If th e e n -
g in e
c ra n k s , re p la c e th e
ig n itio r.
s w itc h . If
th e e n g in e s till w ill
n o t
c ra n k , th e tro u b le is in th e w irin g o r
c o n n e c tio n s b e tw e e n th e
ig n itio n
s w itc h a n d th e s ta rte r-n e u tra ls w itc h .
S T A R T E R N O -L O A D
T E S T
T h e s ta rte r n o -lo a d te s t w ill
u n -
c o v e r s u c h fa u lts a s o p e n o r s h o rte d

w i n d i n g s ,r u b b i n g a r m a t u r e , a n d b e n t a rm a tu re s h a ft. T h e s ta rte r c a n b e te s te d ,a t n o -lo a d , o n th e te s t b e n c h

o n ly .
M ake
th e
te s t
c o n n e c tio n s a s

s h o w n in F ig . 6 . T h e s ta rte r w ill ru n a t n o -lo a d .B e s u re th a t n o c u rre n t is flo w in g th ro u g h th e a m m e te r (rh e o -

s ta t a t m a x im u m
c o u n te rc lo c k w is e
p o s itio n ). D e te rm in e th e e x a c t re a d -
in g o n th e v o ltm e te r.
D is c o n n e c t th e
s ta rte r fro m

th e b a t t e r y , a n d r e d u c e t h e r e s i s t a n c e o f th e rh e o s ta tu n til th e v o ltm e te r in d i- c a te s th e s a m e re a d in g a s th a t o b - ta in e d w h ile th e s ta rte r w a s ru n n in g . T h e a m m e te rw ill in d ic a te th e s ta rte r n o -lo a d c u rre n t d ra w .

T O
B A T T E R Y
J l0 8 4 .F
ARM ATURE OPEN
C IR C U IT
T E S T -O N
T E S T B E N C H
A n
o p e n
c ir c u it
a rm a tu re m a y
s o m e t i m e s b e d e t e c t e d b y e x a m i n i n g
th e
c o m m u ta to r fo r
e v id e n c e o f
b u rn in g . T h e
s p o t b u rn e d o n
th e
c o m m u ta to r is
caused by
a n
a rc
fo rm e d e v e ry tim e th e c o m m u ta to r
s e g m e n t , c o n n e c t e d t o t h e o p e n c i r -
c u it w in d in g , p a s s e su n d e r a b r u s h .
A R M A T U R E
A N D
F IE L D
G R O U N D E D
C IR C U IT
T E S T -
O N
TEST BENCH
T h is
te s t
w ill
d e te rm in e
if

th e w in d in g in s u la tio n h a s fa ile d , p e r m it- tin g

a c o n d u c to r to
to u c h
th e fra m e
o r a rm a tu re
c o re .
T o
d e te rm in e
if
th e
a rm a tu re
w in d in g s
a re
g ro u n d e d ,
m ake
th e
c o n n e c tio n s
as shown
in
F ig .
7. If
th e
v o ltm e te r
in d ic a te s
a n y
v o lta g e ,
th e w in d in g s a re g ro u n d e d .
G ro u n d e d
fie ld
w in d in g s
c a n
b e
d e te c te d b y
m a k in g
th e
c o n n e c tio n s
a s s h o w n in
F ig . 8 . If
th e v o ltm e te r
in d ic a te s a n y v o lta g e , th e fie ld w in d -
in g s a re g ro u n d e d .
F IG .
3 -S ta rtin g
C o n tro l
C ir c u it
T e s ts
E N G IN E
W IL L
C R A N K
A T
N O R M A L
S P E E D
B U T
W IL L
N O T
S T A R T
R e fe r
t o
G ro u p
8
fo r
th is
sym p-
to m .
S T A R T E R
L O A D
T E S T
C onnect
th e
te s t
e q u ip m e n t
a s
s h o w n in F ig . 5 . B e s u re th a t n o c u r-
r e n t is flo w in g
th ro u g h
th e a m m e te r
a n d
h e a v y -d u ty
c a rb o n
p ile
rh e o -
s ta t p o rtio n
o f
th e
c ir c u it
(rh e o s ta t
a t m a x im u m
c o u n te rc lo c k w is e
p o s i-
tio n ).
C ra n k
th e e n g in e w ith
th e ig n itio n
O F F , a n d d e te rm in e th e e x a c t re a d -
in g o n th e v o ltm e te r. T h is te s t is a c -
c o m p lis h e d
b y
d is c o n n e c tin g
a n d
g ro u n d in g th e h ig h
te n s io n le a d fro m
th e
s p a r k c o il, a n d
b y
c o n n e c tin g
a
ju m p e r
fro m
th e b a tte ry te rm in a l o f
th e s ta rte r re la y to th e ig n itio n
s w itc h
te rm in a l o f th e re la y .
S to p c ra n k in g
th e
e n g in e , a n d re o
d u c e th e re s is ta n c e o f th e c a rb o n p ile
u n til th e v o ltm e te r in d ic a te s th e s a m e
re a d in g
a s th a t
o b ta in e d
w h ile
th e
s ta rte r c ra n k e d
th e e n g in e . T h e
am -
S T A R T E R
C R A N K S
E N G IN E
SLO W LY
R e fe r to
F ig . 4 fo r
th is s y m p to m .

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