- Special (or enhanced) jurisdiction: any offence other than one punishable with
death if PP applies for such offence to be tried in district court and accused
consents - CPC, s 7(2).
does not allow the district court to impose a sentence beyond the
maximum limit prescribed for the offence. \u2013 offence under 325
here, max 7, distict gave 6 yrsm, on appeal enhanced to 10 yrs by
HC \u2013 it went beyond 7 yr punishment for offene and CA held tt
this was wrong
\u2013 \u2022 Aggregate impt at one trial cannot exceed14 years: CPC, s 17 proviso
\u2013 \u2022 Fine of up to $10,000 per charge: CPC, s 11(3)(b)
\u2013 \u2022 Caning up to 12 strokes per charge: CPC, s 11(3)(c).
\u2013 Not to exceed 24 strokes for an adult offender and 10 strokes for a \u201cyouthful
those under 21)
\u2013 \u2022 Corrective training: CPC, s 12(1) (1 term for all charges) (for the bad hats)
\u2013 \u2022 Preventive detention: CPC s 12(2) (1 term for all charges).
\u2013 \u2022 Probation, conditional discharge, absolute discharge: see Probation of Offenders
CPC, s 8(1)(a); also see s 9(c)(ii).
\u2013 \u2022 Any offence listed in the 8th Column of Schedule A, CPC \u2013 s 9(a).
\u2013 \u2022 Any offence under any law it is specifically empowered to try \u2013 CPC, s 9(b).
\u2013 \u2022 PP may give written authorisation to a Magistrate\u2019s Court to try a District Court
\u2013 \u2022 Fine not exceeding $2,000 per charge: CPC, s 11(5)(b).
\u2013 \u2022 Caning up to 6 strokes per charge: CPC, s 11(5)(c).
\u2013 \u2022 Any lawful combination of sentence it is authorised to pass: CPC, s 11(5)(d).
\u2013 \u2022 May award full punishment authorised by law \u201cby reason of any previous
\u2013 \u2022 If written law empowers Magistrate Court to award full punishment which
exceeds above, the Magistrate\u2019s Court may award the full punishment authorised
by that law: CPC, s 11(7), e.g.. Betting Act, CGHA etc.
DC can impose imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years; fine not exceeding $10,000; caning up to 12 strokes; or any lawful sentence combining any of the sentences which it is authorised by law to pass.
Where it appears that by reason of previous convictions/antecedents, punishment in excess of the above should be warded, the DC can sentence that accused to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 10 years; and it shall then record its reason for doing so. (s 11(3) of CPC)
Where jurisdiction is given to DC to award punishment for any offence in excess of the powers in s 11, the DC and MC can award full punishment authorised by that law, under s 11(7) CPC.
MC can impose imprisonment not more than 2 yrs, fine not more than $2000; caning up to 6 strokes; any lawful sentence combining any of the sentences it is authorised by law to pass. S11(5) CPC.
Where appears tt due to accused\u2019s prev convictions, punishment in excess of tt prescribed by s11.5 shld be awarded, magis court can award full punishment prescribed by law for offence of which accused convicted \u2013 then record reasons \u2013 s11.5
Pursuant to S 17 CPC, aggregate punishment of imprisonment which can be imposed by a DC or by a MC in a case which it has tired is limited to \u2018twice the amount of punishment\u2019 which that court \u2018in the exercise of its ordinary jurisdiction is competent to inflict. \u2018
Sentence in case of conviction for several offences at one trial.
17. When a person is convicted at one trial of any two or more distinct offences the court may
sentence him for such offences to the several punishments prescribed therefor which such
court is competent to inflict; such punishments when consisting of imprisonment to commence
the one after the expiration of the other in such order as the court directs or to run concurrently
if the court so directs, but it shall not be necessary for the court, by reason only of the
aggregate punishment for the several offences being in excess of the punishment which it is
competent to inflict on conviction of one single offence, to send the offender for trial before a
Provided that if the case is tried by a District Court or Magistrate\u2019s Court the aggregate
punishment of imprisonment shall not exceed twice the amount of punishment, which such
Court in the exercise of its ordinary jurisdiction is competent to inflict. (DC = 2x 7 = 14 yrs
and MC = 2 x 2 = 4 years)
Enlargement of powers of Magistrate\u2019s Court
10. When under section 9 an offence is triable by a District Court but not by a Magistrate\u2019s
Court the Public Prosecutor may, nevertheless, if he considers it desirable, by writing under his
hand, authorise a Magistrate\u2019s Court in any particular case to try the offence, but that
authorisation shall not enlarge the powers conferred on the Magistrate\u2019s Court by section 11
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