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Published by: api-3699361 on Oct 17, 2008
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By: Dr. Bahnassy
Courtesy of
Sayed Hasan Alawami
The General equation that we are going to use is:
C.I. = Confidence interval.
C.I.= Estimator + [Reliability coefficient x Stand error]= 1- Alpha.
N.B. From the equation:

We are going to get two values when answering this equation. Also, it is important to know how to solve the equation\u2019s codes. I.e. what are C.I, Estimator, reliability coefficient, standard error, and alpha?

-C.I: is usually given in the question as in this example:
Find 95% C.I. for the problem.
-Estimator: usually, it is the mean or the proportion.
Also, notice that the mean may be for one population or two. And the
proportion, also, may be for one population or two.
To clarify the estimator, for mean::
One mean
Estimator = The Mean
Two means
Estimator = Mean1 \u2013 Mean 2
(It is better to begin with the biggest value)
E st ima t ion
Statistical inf erences:
1. Estimation
2. Hypothesis testing
To clarify the estimator, for proportion::
Pro p o rt io n= sample number / population
One proportion
Estimator = The proportion
Two proportions
Estimator = Proportion 1 \u2013 Proportion 2
-Standard Error: also, the SE differs in the 4 conditions which already
mentioned above. (mean, two mean, proportion, two proportion)
Standard Error for:
-Alpha = Error. For example: alpha=0.05
-Reliability coefficient (Z): it can be found from the table that we
already had with us.
How to use the table?
First, notice that it will be easy for you to find it if you draw the normal
distribution curve.

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