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Govt Hw Lesson 2

Govt Hw Lesson 2

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Rickey Mei
Government
9/27/04
Lesson 2
1) Dictatorship- those who are in power hold absolute and unchallengeable authority
over the people.

2) Democracy- Supreme political authority rests with the people. The people hold the sovereign power, and government is conducted only by and with the consent of the people.

3) Monarchy- a government having a hereditary chief of state with life tenure and
powers varying from nominal to absolute.
4) Autocracy- A government in which a single person holds unlimited political
power.
5) Oligarchy- A government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually
self-appointed elite.
6) Indirect democracy- A representative democracy. Small group of people, chosen
by the people to act as their representatives expresses the popular will.

7) Republic- The sovereign power is held by those eligible to vote, while the
political power is exercised by representatives chosen by and held responsible to
those citizens.

8) Direct Democracy- Also called a pure democracy, exists where the will of the
people is translated into public policy directly by the people themselves, in mass
meetings.

9) Parliamentary government- the executive is made up of the prime minister or
premier, and that official\u2019s cabinet.

10) Presidential government- the executive and legislative branches of the
government are separate, independent of one another, and coequal. The president
is chosen independently of the legislature, holds office for a fixed term, and has
broad powers not subject to the direct control of the legislative branch.

11) Unitary government- often described as a centralized government. All powers
held by the government belong to a single, central agency.
12) Federal government- One in which the powers of government are divided
between a central government and several local governments.
13) Confederation- Alliance of independent states.

Force- One person or a small group claimed control over an area and force all within it to
submit to that persons or groups rule. This basically means that a person or a group
dominated an area and forced the people to serve them.
Evolution- It started with a primitive family where one family member was head. As the
family grew, this person became the leader of the clan and eventually a tribe.
Divine Right- This is the belief that God created the state and that God had given those of
royal birth a \u201cdivine right\u201d to rule.
Social Contract- The belief that everyone was born free but in order to protect their lives
and property, they had to draw up a contract to form a government which will protect
them.

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