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IO Devices
IO Devices

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Published by: api-3754855 on Oct 17, 2008
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Overview of
Graphics Systems
13th April 2006
Sections from Chapter2
\ue0002.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.5, 2.6
\ue000Not included:
\ue0002.4, 2.7
Output devices
\ue000Display devices (CRT/DVST/LCD).
\ue000Dot Matrix.
Direct-View storage tube
\ue0002 electron guns are used.
\ue000Primary gun stores the picture definition.
\ue000Flood gun maintains the picture display.
\ue000No refreshing needed, so complex pictures
can be drawn without flicker.
\ue000Selected parts of a picture cannot be erased
and redrawn.
\ue000Used in: Analog Oscilloscopes.
Flat Panel displays
\ue000Class of video devices that have reduced
volume, weight and power requirement as
compared to CRT\u2019s.
\ue000Thinner than CRT\u2019s so we can hang them
on walls and wear on our wrists.
\ue000Used in:
\ue000TV monitors, laptop computers, calculators,
pocket video games etc.
Categories of Flat panel displays
\ue000Emissive displays.
\ue000Convert electrical energy into light.

\ue000Plasma panels.
\ue000Thin-film electroluminescent displays.
\ue000Light-emitting diodes.

\ue000Non-Emissive displays.
\ue000Use optical effects to convert sunlight or light
into graphics patterns.
\ue000Liquid Crystal Displays.
Plasma Panels
\ue000Consists of:
\ue000Two glass plates.
\ue000Electrodes sandwiched
between these plates.
\ue000Noble gases e.g. neon or
xenon is contained within
these plates
\ue000Area between the glass

plates is divided into tiny
cells, each of which can
be considered as a pixel.

Pros & Cons of Plasma Panels
\ue000Produce a very wide screen using extremely thin
\ue000Image produced is very bright and looks good from
almost every angle.
\ue000Thin-film electroluminescent displays are similar
to plasma panels in construction except for the
fact that the inner gas is replaced by phosphor.
\ue000Requires more power to light up
Light emitting diodes
\ue000Simply said, LED\u2019s are just tiny light bulbs that fit
easily into an electrical circuit.
\ue000Unlike ordinary bulbs, they don\u2019t have a filament
that will burn out, and they don\u2019t get very hot.

\ue000they form the numbers on digital clocks,
\ue000transmit information from remote controls
\ue000light up watches.
\ue000tell you when your appliances are turned on.
\ue000Illuminate traffic lights.

Liquid crystal display
\ue000Used in calculators, portable laptops etc.
\ue000They produce a picture by passing

polarized light from the surrounding or
from an internal light source through a
liquid-crystal material that can be aligned
to either block of transmit the light.

Dot-Matrix printer
\ue000A dot matrix printer refers to a type of

computer printer with a print head that
runs back and forth on the page and prints
by impact, striking an ink-soaked cloth
ribbon against the paper, much like a

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