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12 Water Surface Profiles - Lecture 7

12 Water Surface Profiles - Lecture 7

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Published by JJ Zavala

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Published by: JJ Zavala on Oct 25, 2011
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08/27/2012

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Lecture #7
 – 
Water Surface Profiles
Steady, non-uniform flowS
 
≠ S
o
and y
2
 
≠ y
1
 Reasons for varying depth?Gradually Varied Flow (GVF): change in WSP is small enough (dy/dx <<1)
that it’s
possible to integrate the differential equation from (1) to (2) to solve f 
or Δy
 
 
 
g z yhg z y
 L
22
22222111
 h
L
= S
L
Δz = S
o
L
dxdy x y x
 
0lim
 
2
1
Fr SSdxdy
o
 
y
1
 Fr
1
 y
2
 Fr
2
 y
3
 Fr
3
 
Δx
1
 
Δx
1
 
Δx
1
 
S
o
 
S
 
 
Normal Depth
Calculated from Manning’s Equation assuming S
= S
o
 For every channel configuration, there exists a y
n
 
 – 
even though the flow may notactually be at that depthSame for critical depth, y
c
 A comparison of these two theoretical depths gives slope classification (M, S, C, etc)A comparison of actual depth to y
n
and y
c
gives WSP classification (1, 2, 3)

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